Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj <p><strong>Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal (GIIRJ) </strong>is a monthly peer reviewed international journal. The international interdisciplinary journal publishes the articles in various disciplines. We invite authors to submit the original research papers for the current issue of our journal. GIIRJ is started with the vision of providing the platform to the researchers in 2013 and providing the services with best quality paper publications in the areas not limited Sciences, Humanities, Economics, Finance, Engineering, History, Educational Advancements, Tourism and physical sciences. </p> <p><strong>A PEER REVIEWED REFEREED MONTHLY E-JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong>(ALL SUBJECT ONLINE MONTHLY JOURNAL)</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2347-6915</li> </ul> <ul> <li> <p><strong>SJIF Impact Factor 2022</strong>: 7.718</p> <p> : 2021: 7.472</p> <p> : 2020: 6.914<br /> : 2019: 6.519<br /> : 2018: 5.723<br /> : 2017: 5.604</p> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>Submission Date :</strong> Open</li> <li><strong>Publication Date :</strong> Within 48 Hours </li> </ul> <p><strong>Send your Manuscripts to:</strong> editorgalaxyjournal@gmail.com</p> en-US Tue, 07 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.6 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 PEDAGOGICAL MECHANISMS OF ENSURING EFFECTIVENESS OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING IN TRAINING FUTURE DEFECTOLOGISTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5947 <p>The article shows that teacher’s high level of communicative competence determined to fully use his language knowledge, as well as communicative abilities and skills in working with students, unlikely to be able to teach English communication. Also, a positive relationship between motivational orientations and student achievement.</p> (PhD) Aliyeva Dilafruz Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5947 Tue, 07 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OPPORTUNITIES FOR REMOTE BANKING SERVICES TO GROW IN REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN'S COMMERCIAL BANKS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5946 <p>The banking system is a strong and stable pillar of the economy. That is why, in the process of establishing financial policy, a strong attention is paid to the banking system and the monetary and credit sector. This article describes in detail the prospects for the development of remote banking services in commercial banks of the Republic of Uzbekistan.</p> Tursunov Faridun Mustafoyevich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5946 Tue, 07 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ALISHER NAVOY'S CREATION AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE IN FORMING YOUTH SPIRITUALITY IN THE NEW UZBEKISTAN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5945 <p>For the new Uzbekistan, the spiritual and moral development of the individual is of great importance in educational practice. Man is an individual, essentially a whole social and moral universe. This article discusses the importance of literary works, especially the works of Alisher Navoi, in the formation of human spirituality.</p> Z. B. Allayarova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5945 Wed, 08 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SOLUTION OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS WITH PARTICULAR DERIVATIVES IN MAPLE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5944 <p>Finding the general solution of a parabolic differential equation</p> Nastinov Sadriddin Tojiddin son Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5944 Wed, 08 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ABOUT THE STUDY OF THE REGIONS OF FERGANA REGION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5943 <p>Оn the study of toponymy of Fergana region. Oikonyms include the names of residential areas. The indicators of village, ovul, kurgan, kurgancha, guzar, neighborhood, street, which are used in the names of settlements, are important signs characterizing oikonyms. This article discusses the unique and important features of the oikonim of Fergana region.</p> Nizomiddinova D., Ahmadjonova M. Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5943 Wed, 08 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CHARACTERISTICS OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF MANIFESTATION OF THE DISEASE IN CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SYNDROME https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5963 <p>The article contains information on the causes, diagnosis, symptoms, age-related characteristics of autism syndrome and some research conducted by scientists.</p> Makhmudova Madinakhan Sobirkhanovna, Jorayeva Dilzodakhan Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5963 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE SIGNIFICANCE OF SCHOOL TEXTBOOKS IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESSES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN, ANALYSIS OF THE 1ST GRADE MOTHER TONGUE AND READING LITERACY TEXTBOOK https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5942 <p>This article talks about the importance of school textbooks in the educational process of children of junior school age, the impact on the child's age and psychology, and the statement of opinions on improving literacy in the native language.</p> Soliyev Ilhomjon Sobirovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5942 Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 EMPOWERING VIDEO ANALYTICS WITH AI-DRIVEN TEXT RECOGNITION IN PYTHON FOR STREAMLINED INSIGHTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5941 <p>Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become an integral part of various applications, revolutionizing the way we interact with technology. This article delves into the implementation of AI in Python for text recognition from video streams. Leveraging cutting-edge techniques, the proposed system showcases the synergy between AI and Python to enhance video analysis capabilities.</p> Soliev Bakhromjon Nabijonovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5941 Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OBJECT RECOGNITION IN IMAGES USING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND PYTHON https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5940 <p>This article explores methods and technologies for recognizing objects in images using artificial intelligence (AI) and the Python programming language. We will consider various approaches to solving the problem of object recognition, present a literature review and offer practical examples of software solutions.</p> Солиев Бахромжон Набижонович, Эрматова Зарина Кахрамоновна Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5940 Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 C AND C++ PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES CAPABILITIES AND DIFFERENCES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5939 <p>Both languages are renowned for their efficiency and versatility, making them popular choices for various applications, from system programming to application development</p> Abrorjon Kholmatov, Abdurahimova Mubiyna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5939 Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL JUSTICE AND TECHNOLOGICAL JUSTICE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN TECHNOLOGIES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5938 <p>In today's rapidly advancing world, technology plays a pivotal role in shaping our societies and economies. As we embrace innovation and progress, it is essential to consider the principles of social justice and technological justice. These principles are not mere ideals; they are the cornerstones upon which a fair, inclusive, and sustainable future can be built.</p> Teshaboev Muxiddin Ma’rifovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5938 Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT OF INDEPENDENT THINKING SKILLS OF CHILDREN IN A PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5937 <p>In this article we will discuss the benefits of developing independent thinking skills in preschoolers in a preschool educational organization.</p> Madaminova Khusnida Rashidovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5937 Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROCESSES BASED ON MODERN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5936 <p>In the developed countries of the world, the educational policy aimed at meeting the socio-economic needs of the individual, the state and the society, in order to educate a well-rounded and well-rounded person, instills the need for students to acquire knowledge and thoroughly master the news, the basic academic-scientific, general cultural knowledge, spiritual and moral qualities based on national and universal values. , implies the formation and development of skills of creative thinking, conscious attitude to the environment. From this point of view, it is urgent to develop and improve mechanisms for ensuring the consistency, integrity and continuity of educational processes and innovative technologies that serve to increase the effectiveness of this process in the training of highly qualified and competitive personnel.</p> Jamshid Shamshidinovich Kazimov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5936 Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 MANAGEMENT OF THE PEDAGOGICAL TEAM IN GENERAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS - AS A SOCIO-PEDAGOGICAL CONDITION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5935 <p>The article generalises theoretical and practical research and offers a new solution to the problem of management of pedagogical team in schools, which is revealed in creating pedagogical conditions for the development of the pedagogical team. Today, democratization of education is one of the main principles of its development, which ensures the expansion of the rights and obligations of the teacher and the student, and the implementation of the principles of cooperation between the leader, the teacher and the student. Both democratization and humanization recognize that all people are different, and true equality consists of the right and opportunity for everyone to develop and realize their full potential in life.</p> Muzaffar Ummatovich Kurbanov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5935 Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 METHODS OF ORGANIZING INDEPENDENT WORK OF STUDENTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5934 <p>The article describes the current state of development of National Higher Education with a focus on the European educational and scientific space, modernization and reform. In connection with this process, information is provided on the transformation of educational programs, forms and teaching methods, monitoring and planning and organization of independent work of students to improve the quality of Education.</p> Ustadjalilova Khurshida Aliyevna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5934 Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 RELEVANCE OF THE PROBLEM OF QUALITY OF EDUCATION AND HUMAN CAPITAL IN HIGHER EDUCATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5933 <p>In this article, it is considered that the relevance of the problem of education quality management is related to socio-cultural changes in the society and changes in the education policy of the state.</p> Raxmonova Manzura Shokirovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5933 Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 MARKETING IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATIONAL SERVICES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5932 <p>This article discusses the objects of marketing in education, special attention is paid to specific features of educational services as the object of marketing. The functions and features of marketing in the market of educational services, as well as elements of the marketing mix, are outlined.</p> Radjabova Gavxar Umarovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5932 Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CONCEPT OF TIME. CHRONOMETRY AS A PERSONAL SYSTEM OF TIME CALCULATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5931 <p>The article reveals the special importance of the work aimed at the formation of self-organization skills for successful time management and finding effective pedagogical tools and technologies for this, as well as the importance of improving the skills of using time technologies.</p> M. Otajonova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5931 Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE CURRENT ROLLER OF MATHEMATICS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5930 <p>This article explores the current role of mathematics in various domains of society. Mathematics has always been a fundamental discipline, but its significance has grown exponentially in recent years due to advancements in technology and the increasing demand for data-driven decision-making. The article highlights the relevance of mathematics in fields such as finance, technology, healthcare, and artificial intelligence. It presents an overview of the methods used in mathematical research and discusses the implications of recent mathematical advancements. The article concludes by emphasizing the continued importance of mathematics and the need for further research to address emerging challenges.</p> Yuldashev Mengali Ziyaduloaevich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5930 Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 RECOGNIZING OBJECTS IN IMAGES USING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND PYTHON https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5929 <p>This article explores methods and technologies for recognizing objects in images using artificial intelligence (AI) and the Python programming language. We will consider various approaches to solving the problem of object recognition, present a literature review, and offer practical examples of software solutions.</p> Soliev Bakhromjon Nabijonovich, Ermatova Zarina Kakhramonovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5929 Sat, 11 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 IMPLEMENTATION AND PROSPECTS OF THE PIPE TOOL IN UZBEKISTAN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5928 <p>This article discusses the popularization of the trumpet, which is one of the leading musical instruments, in the musical culture of Uzbekistan, the conditions and prospects for the formation of the education of musical instruments in Uzbekistan.</p> Umidjon Urishev Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5928 Sat, 11 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF INNOVATIVE MANAGEMENT IN THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN UZBEKISTAN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5927 <p>In this article, the tasks of innovative management methods and the issues of organizing innovative activities are described. In particular, the role of innovative activities in education in Uzbekistan and the issues of organizing innovative activities in the educational system are discussed in detail.</p> Saidova Xilolaxon Rashidjon qizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5927 Sat, 11 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ENGINEERING STUDENTS VS TEACHING ENGLISH USED FOR LIFE SKILLS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5926 <p>Andhra Pradesh has become prominent in many fields to day because its a new state. Andhra Pradesh is a place of assortment and creating new environment. Different people speak different language slangs and dialects. However students can understand in English. Hence English is a bridge language. Different locality people can feel comfortable in communicating with one another in English. In fact all advanced knowledge in science, technology and medicine is accessible in English. The results of the latest researches come through the medium of English. Today the world has become a global village; it is all because of English. English is an international language. English is the primary source of the Constitution, the Supreme Court, the High Courts and official departments. English is now strongly rooted in the places of A.P. It has become a part of their life. Thus English has great significance for the reliability of A.P. It has to be second language in our country for the better growth of the country. In this paper I tried to cite the trouble faced by English language Teacher, in teaching students of Engineering and Technology, at the same time inconvenience faced by students in learning English.</p> Dr.Venugopal Naidu. Mamidi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5926 Sat, 11 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SETTING GOALS IN A TIME MANAGEMENT SYSTEM https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5925 <p>The article reveals the importance of setting goals for successful time management, the importance of time management in setting goals, and the importance of a person's goals in his life.</p> Otajonova Maftuna Sultonmurodovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5925 Sat, 11 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ANCIENT SOFT WHEAT NEW GRAINS QUALITY INDICATORS SOUTHERN AGRICULTURAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5924 <p>Selection of wheat genotypes that can accumulate the valuable iron contained in wheat grain more effectively, and to increase grain yield, as well as carrying out selection work aimed at improving its grain quality, baking properties and nutrition, is one of the most urgent tasks of today. In this article, the grain quality indicator of soft wheat varieties and the amount of iron in the grain are mentioned.</p> Diyor Turdikulovich Djuraev, Gulzor Kholmurodovna Aminova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5924 Sat, 11 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SCIENTIFIC AND PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS OF CABBAGE GROWING TECHNOLOGIES IN REPEATED CROPS WHITEBUSH (Brassica Capitata Lizg) https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5923 <p>In re-sowing, the profitability of the hybrids of white cabbage "Geant" f1, "Kozak" F1 and "W 61-19" F1 were 24.1, 20.0 and 23.1% higher, respectively, compared with the standard variety "Sharkia-2". when planting varieties "Sharkia-2" and Saratoni according to the scheme 90x30 cm. the yield was higher in the variety "Sharkia-2" by 20.8%, and in the variety "Saratoni" by 19.6% compared to the variety "Sharkia-2". the control variant is 70х40 cm. when planting seedlings of varieties "Sharkia-2" and "Saratoni" on june 15, the yield was 112.6% for the variety "Sharkia-2" and 104.0% for the variety saratoni compared to the control (30.vi). When fertilizing at the rate of N250 P150 K100 kg/ha, the yield of the Sharkia-2 variety was 121.4%, and the yield of the Saratoni variety was 116.6% compared to the control. Compared with the control, with an increase in soil moisture before watering (60%) to 90%, the yield was - 119.1-161.6% for the Saratoni variety and -113.7-147.3% for the Sharkia-2 variety.</p> Alisher Juraboevich Shokirov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5923 Sat, 11 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPORTANCE OF DEVELOPING NATIONAL AND GENERAL CULTURAL COMPETENCES IN STUDENTS BASED ON A COMPETENT APPROACH https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5922 <p>The article provides information about the concept of competence, as well as the need to develop national and general cultural competences. Through this, it is necessary to train students to be loyal to the motherland, be kind to people and to believe in universal and national values, to direct them to understand artistic and artistic works, to improve the pedagogical process aimed at making them know universally important values, and to form national and universal competence.</p> Khonbabayev Shokhrukhbek Dilshodjon o’g’li Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5922 Sat, 11 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE THEORY OF KARMA AS DEPICTED IN THE BHAGAVADGITA https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5897 <p>The Bhagavadgītā, a sacred text of ancient Indian philosophy, expounds upon the profound concept of karma, which is central to understanding human actions, their consequences, and the path to spiritual liberation. This research article aims to delve into the nuanced understanding of karma as presented in the Bhagavadgītā, exploring its significance, implications, and philosophical underpinnings. The study begins by providing a comprehensive overview of the Bhagavadgītā, highlighting its historical and cultural context. It elucidates the fundamental concept of karma, which is the rule of reason and outcome governing the universe, asserting that each action, thought, and intention has consequences that reverberate through time. Moreover, it considers the difficult association between karma and dharma, emphasizing the importance of righteous actions in one's pursuit of spiritual growth. Furthermore, the article delves into the multifaceted dimensions of karma as depicted in the Bhagavadgītā. It explores the concepts of sāttvika, rājasika, and tāmasika karma, elucidating how actions driven by purity, passion, or ignorance respectively shape an individual's destiny and spiritual progress. The interplay between individual effort and the role of divine will, as illustrated through the doctrine of niṣkāma karma (selfless action), is also examined in depth. In addition, the research examines the transformative potential of understanding karma in the Bhagavadgītā. It discusses how a profound comprehension of karma can inspire individuals to cultivate self- awareness, responsibility, and ethical conduct. The article also highlights the role of introspection, detachment, and surrender in navigating the complexities of karma and fostering personal growth. Finally, the study concludes with a synthesis of the findings, emphasizing the enduring relevance and universal applicability of the concept of karma in the Bhagavadgītā. It underscores the significance of karma as a guiding principle for individuals seeking moral clarity, spiritual evolution, and harmonious coexistence. In summary, this research article offers a comprehensive exploration of the concept of karma in the Bhagavadgītā, shedding light on its philosophical depth, ethical implications, and transformative potential. By delving into the intricate relationship between actions, consequences, and spiritual growth, it provides valuable insights for scholars, philosophers, and individuals interested in understanding and applying the principles of karma in their lives.</p> Prof. (Dr.) Subash Chandra Dash Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5897 Fri, 17 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL COMPETENCE AND FORMATION OF FUTURE LOGIC THERAPISTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5921 <p>This article is aimed at explaining theoretical information about competence. Also, the importance of psychological knowledge in the pedagogical process and the qualities of competence are briefly covered.</p> Khonbabayeva Madinabonu Asqarjon qizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5921 Mon, 13 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE INFLUENCE OF FREE ECONOMIC ZONES ON THE ECONOMY OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5920 <p>This article describes the types of free economic zones (SEZ) and the impact of SEZ on the economy of the Republic of Uzbekistan at the macroeconomic level. The benefits granted to SEZ in the Republic of Uzbekistan and their results have been reviewed. Conclusions and proposals for the development of SEZ in the Republic of Uzbekistan are given.</p> Ubaydullayev Mukhammadjon Abdusamad ogli, Erkinova Mokhlaroyim Mukhtarjon qizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5920 Mon, 13 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 FROM THE HISTORY OF CONCEPTS OF PHILOSOPHICAL CATEGORIES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5919 <p>Eastern and Western philosophical views on philosophical categories are analyzed in the article. Systematization of dialectic categories is also covered.</p> Kholmatov Shakhobiddin Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5919 Mon, 13 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 GOVERNMENT SUPPORT OF SMALL BUSINESSES TO INCREASE THE ROLE OF THE REAL SECTOR OF THE ECONOMY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5899 <p>This article discusses the leading role of the state in creating opportunities for the effective functioning of the economy. In particular, the state policy is considered to support small business as an important participant in the process of increasing the level of capitalization and increasing the financial stability of enterprises in the real sector of the economy.</p> Musayeva Shoira Azimovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5899 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 FROM THE HISTORY OF ISSUES OF PHILOSOPHICAL INTERPRETATION OF WORLDVIEW https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5898 <p>The article analyzes the concept of worldview, pluralism, its systematic explanation, and the fact that human worldview is based on scientific ideas.</p> Kholmatov Shahobiddin Jumaboevich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5898 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 APPLICATION OF AR TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5918 <p>Augmented reality (AR) is one of the cutting-edge technologies making its way into the educational space, providing unique opportunities to enhance learning and enrich learning experiences. This article provides an overview of the current application of augmented reality technology in education, discussing its benefits and potential.</p> Mamajanova Svetlana Valentinovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5918 Mon, 13 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 USE OF PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES AND METHODS IN TEACHING THE SCIENCE OF ARCHEOLOGY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5917 <p>The article talks about the use of new pedagogical technologies in archeology lectures and seminars. Using the example of the Stone Age, the advantages of using technical tools in teaching students about archaeological sites in Uzbekistan and Central Asia are analyzed.</p> Mirsoatova Sayyora Turgunovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5917 Wed, 15 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 EPIDEMIOLOGY OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN THE ARAL SEA REGION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5900 <p>It is known that the best way to prevent the development of any disease is to eliminate its cause. When drawing up plans for the implementation of therapeutic and preventive measures, as well as the development of medical care, the health care organizer is almost always guided by statistical data on the prevalence of individual groups of diseases. At the same time, as a rule, the dynamics of morbidity, its frequency and prevalence by region and age categories of the population are taken into account.</p> У. А. Худайбергенов, Ш. А. Аббосов Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5900 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 APPLICATION OF THE ARDUINO PLATFORM IN MEDICAL DEVICE MODELING https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5916 <p>In solving medical problems, as well as in carrying out scientific and practical activities of treatment and diagnostics at a high-quality level, training of personnel who can properly use information technologies has a special place. The development of measuring devices for medical devices achieved by creating a complex project based on the same metrological basis, increasing the scope and quality of the entire field, and implementing the created project on a large scale. When modeling and configuring medical devices, work from the Arduino platform.</p> Mamadaliyeva Umida Polatovna, Abdurazzaqov Xurshidjon Turg‘unboy o‘g‘li, Abdurazzoqova Inobat Olimjon qizi talabasi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5916 Wed, 15 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 DESCRIPTION OF INCREASING VOCABULARY IN SPEECHLESS PRESCHOOL CHILDREN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5915 <p>The article discusses the general and special didactic principles, shape, content, and methods of developing children's speech in the visual process.</p> Shoahmedova Surayyo Kamilovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5915 Wed, 15 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 USING ICT OPPORTUNITIES TO IMPROVE STUDENT THINKING SKILLS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5914 <p>In an era of rapid growth of current information technologies, the efficacy of secondary educational institutions' educational processes is directly dependent on the professional preparation of future teachers. Subsequently, the current article focuses on the potential uses of information technology to increase pupils' thinking skills and cognitive abilities.</p> Sobirov Dilshod Solayevich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5914 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SOCIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT OF CIVIL PUBLIC SERVANTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5913 <p>This paper is devoted to the social aspects of the influence of professional burnout of a civil servant on its personal quality. In particular, the paper has particular focus on professional burnout syndrome, causes of its occurrence, internal and external factors affecting the performance of employees. Moreover, a sociological analysis is conducted over the problems of preventing professional burnout of civil servants, organizing their work activities, proper distribution of work, and fair treatment.</p> Khojiev Z.F. Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5913 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE INFLUENCE OF COLOR AND LIGHT ON INTERIOR SPACES: AN ANALYSIS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND DESIGN PERSPECTIVES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5912 <p>This scientific paper aims to examine the importance of color and light in interior design and its impact on people's perception and wellbeing. Examining the psychological and design aspects, this study seeks an integrated understanding of how color and light can be used effectively to create visually attractive and functional interiors. A large-scale study of relevant literature reveals that color and light play a crucial role in shaping the overall environment, mood and functionality of the interior. Consequently, this article emphasizes the importance of choosing suitable color schemes and light solutions to optimize the desired results of internal design projects.</p> Marguba Madumarova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5912 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA OCCURRING AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT LESIONS AND ITS CLINICAL AND IMMUNOLOGICAL FEATURES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5911 <p>Systemic scleroderma (SSD) is a disease characterized by a degenerative-sclerosing process of connective tissue of the skin and internal organs with obliterating lesion of arterioles. The disease is generalized, systemic, and progressive and affects mainly women aged 30 to 40 years [2, p. 348; 4, p. 90]. The prevalence of SSD is not yet amenable to accounting due to the small acquaintance of doctors with it and the difficulties of diagnosis, even for a qualified specialist. However, in recent years there has been a noticeable increase in the diagnosis of this disease. Many erased cases of scleroderma are hidden under other diagnoses (Raynaud's disease, pneumosclerosis, esophageal disease, etc.) [1, p. 4; 3, p. 251].</p> Kadomtseva Larisa Viktorovna, Polikarpova Natalia Vladimirovna, Mirzakarimova Farida Rustamovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5911 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF PHOTODYNAMIC AND LASER TEETH WHITENING https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5910 <p>It is known that a full-fledged personality and successful promotion on the career ladder, as well as the psyche - emotional state depends on the pleasant appearance of a person. The presence of certain cosmetic imperfections leads to a decrease in a person's self-confidence. One of these disadvantages is tooth discoloration. Elimination of such deficiencies is carried out by teeth whitening. However, after whitening, patients complain of increased tooth sensitivity and inflammation mucous membrane of the alveolar ridge.<br>In connection with this, The scientific work studies the level of pro and anti-inflammatory cytokines of saliva before and after professional teeth whitening. Cytokine levels indicate that photodynamic whitening causes less inflammation than laser teeth whitening.</p> Ф. А. Валиева, Ф. Х. Ирсалиева Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5910 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 BASIC THEORIES AND CONCEPTS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION SUBJECT https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5909 <p>In this article, opinions and reflections on the basic concepts of the theory of physical education are discussed. Physical education is an integral part of the education system that promotes holistic development by nurturing physical, mental, and social well-being. Rooted in a rich theoretical framework, goes beyond the confines of a classroom, imparting invaluable life skills. One of the central tenets of is the holistic development theory, emphasizing the harmonious growth of an individual’s physical, intellectual, emotional, and social aspects. This theory posits that physical activity is not merely a bodily endeavor but a catalyst for overall personal growth.</p> Djumaniyazova Tamara Adambaevna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5909 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE INTERSECTION OF FINE ARTS AND ENGINEERING GRAPHICS: A HARMONIOUS BLEND OF CREATIVITY AND PRECISION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5908 <p>The world is a diverse tapestry of human expression. It is a place where the boundaries between different disciplines often blur, leading to the emergence of unique and intriguing hybrids. The intersection of Fine Arts and Engineering Graphics is one such fascinating blend. On the one hand, there's the world of aesthetics, creativity, and imagination; on the other, there's precision, mathematics, and the practical application of ideas. In this article, we'll explore the harmonious relationship between these seemingly contrasting domains and discover how they complement each other in innovative ways.</p> Abdreymov Dastan Janabaevich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5908 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 APPLYING INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING ELECTRONICS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5907 <p>In this article, there are thoughts and opinions about the use of innovative technologies in the teaching of electronic scienceIn the fast-paced world of technology, education must keep up with the ever-evolving landscape. Traditional teaching methods are gradually making way for innovative approaches that enhance learning experiences. One such field that has seen a remarkable transformation is the teaching of electronics. Incorporating innovative technologies in teaching electronics not only makes the learning process more engaging but also equips students with practical skills crucial for the modern workforce.</p> Dauletmuratova Roza Allambergenovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5907 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 METHODICAL GUIDELINES ENHANCING PEDAGOGICAL SKILLS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5906 <p>In this article, there are thoughts and comments about methodical manuals that improve pedagogical skills.Teaching is an art as well as a science. Effective teaching requires a combination of knowledge, skills, and methodologies that engage students and foster a conducive learning environment. Continuous improvement is essential for educators to adapt to the evolving educational landscape and cater to diverse student needs.</p> Dauletmuratova Eliza Allambergenovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5906 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE MAIN GOAL OF PEDAGOGY AND IT'S ROLE IN THE LIVES OF MODERN YOUTH https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5905 <p>In this article, opinions and observations about the main goal of pedagogy and its role in the lives of modern youth are discussed in the context of Uzbekistan's path towards an independent, socially oriented market economy and the establishment of a new democratic legal state after gaining independence. According to the "Law on Education," the socially oriented development direction, responding to the economic, social, scientific, technical, and cultural needs of society and the state, was declared as the priority direction of social progress. The country focuses on improving the education system, exploring new and effective methods of education, information technologies, and possibilities. The law states, "In Uzbekistan, new pedagogical and information technologies are being introduced in all areas of education - the learning process, administrative management, and scientific research".</p> Urazimbetov Aybek Bakhtiyarovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5905 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE - SOCIETY AND THE FUTURE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5904 <p>This article was prepared on the topic of artificial intelligence, which has become the most relevant and in demand today. In the introduction of the article, the author briefly reveals its history, concept and significance in society. In the main part, he explains the positive and negative aspects of artificial intelligence, and also, based on analysis, evaluates its role and influence in the future. At the end of the article, he sums up the results and makes a number of recommendations for solving the scientific problem.</p> Shukurov Sh. Z. Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5904 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SQUARE ROOT METHOD OF INFORMATION FILTERING https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5903 <p>The article discusses the performance characteristics of an adaptive filter using a recursive least squares algorithm, as well as an algorithm using a sliding window.</p> Ibragimov Begovot Sheralievich, Ibragimov Islomnur Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5903 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5902 <p>Communicative language teaching (CLT), or the communicative approach (CA) , is an approach to language teaching that emphasizes interaction as both the means and the ultimate goal of study.</p> Pardayev O’tkir, Sanayeva Gulsanam, Qosimov Anvar Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5902 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ON THE STUDY OF THE GENEALOGY OF THE RULERS OF THE MING DYNASTY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5901 <p>This article describes the genealogy of the rulers of the Minges dynasties of the Kokand Khanate. The main focus is on determining the place of rulers in the dynasty.</p> Esonov Ziyodbek Yuldashevich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5901 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ISSUES OF IMPROVING COST ACCOUNTING IN HEALTHCARE INSTITUTIONS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5896 <p>In the article, research was conducted on the issues of improving cost accounting in healthcare institutions, and conclusions and suggestions were formed within the topic.</p> Shanasirova Nodira Abdullayevna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5896 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 IMPROVING FINANCIAL CONTROL IN THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEM https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5895 <p>The article examines the work of research scientists on the improvement of financial control, reveals the importance of financial control in the healthcare system of our country, and draws a conclusion.</p> Shanasirova Nodira Abdullayevna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5895 Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE MORAL VALUES IN SPORT https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5894 <p>In this article is devoted to the study of morality in sport has attracted the interest of many sport psychologists, partly because of the pervasive and long-held belief across many scholars and lay people that sport builds character. Research in this area of sport psychology (SP) has looked at whether sport participation is indeed linked to moral behavior by examining issues pertaining to moral development, moral reasoning, and an array of prosocial and antisocial behaviors. This article presents work on values in sport, pioneered by Martin Lee, which was based on research in social psychology conducted first by Milton Rokeach, and subsequently by Shalom H. Schwartz.</p> Bekbergenov Toktarbay Dilimbetovich, Ismaylov Bayrambay Djabbarbergenovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5894 Fri, 17 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 METHODOLOGY FOR TEACHING STUDENTS TECHNIQUES IN THE CRAWL SWIMMING https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5893 <p>The Article discusses the features of educational process in the institutions of higher physical education in the professionally oriented academic discipline “Swimming” to train highly qualified specialists for pedagogical and sports-pedagogical activities. A decrease in the level of initial swimming readiness of applicants, absence of an entrance test, and short training periods negatively affect the development of sports swimming methods, and in particular the front crawl. In this regard, it is necessary to search for an innovative organization of classes and choose an effective teaching methodology. To form a motor system, the student’s previous motor experience should be taken into account and used.</p> Krasnova G. M. Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5893 Sat, 18 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 WELL COMPLETION PROCESSES THROUGH ADVANCED SUBSEA EQUIPMENT INTEGRATION: A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF EFFICIENCY AND RELIABILITY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5892 <p>In order to facilitate the production and transfer of hydrocarbons from offshore reservoirs, installing and connecting a variety of equipment and systems on the seafloor is known as subsea well completion. This is a difficult and complicated process. Subsea well completion process design and optimization need taking into account a number of variables, including environmental effect, dependability, and efficiency. The state-of-the-art methods and technologies for subsea well completion are reviewed in this article, along with the ways that advanced subsea equipment like compression, boosting, and subsea processing can improve the sustainability and performance of subsea production systems. We furthermore pinpoint the primary obstacles and prospects for the assimilation and execution of these technologies within the oil and gas sector.</p> Elvin Hajiyev Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5892 Sat, 18 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE EFFECT OF AN EDUCATIONAL CURRICULUM ACCORDING TO THE OVERLAPPING WAVES STRATEGY ON COGNITIVE ACHIEVEMENT AND LEARNING THE SKILL OF CRUSHING VOLLEYBALL FOR STUDENTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5891 <p>The research and study included four chapters, where the first chapter included an introduction to the research and its importance, in which the researchers touched on scientific development, especially in the field of education and modern educational methods and strategies. The strategy of overlapping waves in skill learning was also discussed, as well as the game of volleyball and its specificity in skill learning. The research problem in which the reason for studying and delving into this experience was addressed, and the research problem came from the fact that most of the teachers depend on explaining the skill and presenting the model, ignoring the cognitive aspect that the students do not possess, and that most of the subject teachers focus in their teaching on imperative educational methods in learning skills, and that there is There is a lack of use of modern learning strategies and their application in the field of skills education, and reliance directly on the delivery by the teacher and the student is the recipient. The importance of research and study in helping physical education teachers in using one of the modern strategies in teaching that helps in improving and acquiring Cognitive achievement for learning the skill of smashing a volleyball among students who are members of the research sample. The aim of the research is to prepare a proposed educational curriculum using the overlapping waves strategy in cognitive achievement and learning the skill of smashing a volleyball for students, as well as knowing the effect of the educational curriculum on gaining cognitive achievement and learning the skill of smashing a volleyball for students in College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences. The method used in the research was also discussed, which is the experimental approach designed by two equal groups. The research population was identified and they are the students of the second stage in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences / Al-Qadisiyah University for the academic year (2022-2023), numbering (148) students. As for the research sample, it was selected by a simple random method (lottery), which amounted to (40) students who were divided by (20) students for each group, where some failing students and players were excluded, and homogeneity and parity were conducted for the two groups. The third chapter also included the research procedures and the mechanism for determining The variables of the study and its tests, as well as its scientific foundations, in addition to the exploratory experiment, cardiac tests, the main experiment, and post-tests. The fourth chapter included a presentation, analysis, and discussion of the results reached by the researchers, while the fifth chapter included some conclusions and recommendations that were developed based on the results that were reached.&nbsp;</p> Deyaa Thamer Mutar, Ahmed Hasan Oleiwi AL_khuzaie, Mohammed Abd UL-Rahman Mohammed Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5891 Sat, 18 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMIC AND LOCALIZED SCLERODERMA: A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5890 <p>Scleroderma, a complex autoimmune disorder affecting approximately 300,000 individuals in the United States, involves abnormal collagen production, resulting in skin hardening and potential internal organ complications. This comprehensive guide explores both systemic and localized scleroderma, emphasizing their distinct challenges and manifestations. Systemic scleroderma, further categorized into limited and diffuse subtypes, impacts internal organs profoundly, necessitating nuanced therapeutic approaches. In contrast, localized scleroderma primarily affects the skin, posing concerns for physical appearance and potential complications. The article delves into the elusive causes, suggesting a multifactorial interplay of genetic predisposition and environmental factors. While anyone can develop scleroderma, risk factors include gender, age (commonly diagnosed between 30 and 50), and family history. Symptoms vary widely, from skin tightening to potential systemic complications like pulmonary hypertension, requiring timely and accurate diagnosis through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and specialized tests. Managing scleroderma demands a collaborative, multidisciplinary approach involving rheumatologists, dermatologists, and other specialists. Although there is no cure, treatment options such as immunosuppressants, anti-inflammatory drugs, and physical therapy aim to alleviate symptoms. The article emphasizes the importance of lifestyle modifications and ongoing monitoring for effective management. Living with scleroderma poses unique challenges, necessitating adaptability and proactive coping strategies. Support groups, psychological assistance, and education play vital roles in empowering individuals to actively participate in their well-being. While there is no current cure, ongoing research and targeted treatments offer hope for improved outcomes. The collaborative efforts of patients, healthcare professionals, and researchers are crucial for advancing understanding, raising awareness, and enhancing care for those navigating the complexities of scleroderma.</p> Botirbekov Abdurashid Nazarqulovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5890 Sun, 19 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPACT OF PLYOMETRIC EXERCISE ON BUILDING LEG MUSCULAR ENDURANCE AND EXECUTING THE FIREWALL VOLLEYBALL SKILL https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5889 <p>The research was conducted on a sample of twenty players from Najaf Sports Club. The program was implemented on the research sample for a period of time in order to identify the impact of plyometric exercises and their relationship to the performance of the firewall in volleyball. The study's objectives included developing plyometric exercises for the research sample to increase their muscular endurance in the legs and determining the effect of these exercises. (12) weeks, and following the program's conclusion, the data was gathered and unloaded in order to prepare for the study's findings. These findings indicate that plyometric training has a positive impact on the growth of leg muscle endurance, and the researcher stresses the significance of utilizing plyometric exercises to improve the performance of the firewall skill in volleyball.</p> Assistant Prof. Dr. Ali Hameed Ali AlZubaidi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5889 Sat, 18 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 FATS AND THEIR ROLE IN THE LIFE OF LIVING ORGANISMS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5888 <p>Fat (oil) is an organic substance: fully complex ephahs of glycerin and same-based fatty acids (triglycerides) belong to the class of lipids.<br>Along with carbohydrates and proteins, fat is one of the main components of the cell of animals, plants, and microorganisms. They may contain radicals of the same or different fatty acids. The fat molecule contains more stearin and palmitin acids than saturated fatty acids, olein, linoleum, and linolen acids from unsaated fatty acids. The physical and chemical properties of fat depend on the ratio of saturated and unstained fatty acids contained in it.</p> Turayeva Gulnoraxon, Dilshod Olmosovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5888 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS OF COCHLEAR IMPLANTING https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5887 <p>This article describes speech formation and the history of cochlear implantation in hearing impaired children.</p> Rakhimova Khurshidakhon Sadikovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5887 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 FORMATION OF SELF-DEVELOPMENT COMPETENCIES IN STUDENTS OF FUTURE TEACHERS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5886 <p>This article reveals the pedagogical basis of the concepts of competence and competence, the types and forms of competence, the formation of self-development competences.</p> Oppoqxo‘jayev Xojixuja Azimjon o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5886 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 UNDERSTANDING OF EMERGENCY SITUATIONS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5885 <p>This article provides the general meaning and essence of the concept of an emergency situation, the causes of emergency situations, their prevention and elimination.</p> Shermatova Yakutkhan Sabirovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5885 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 USE OF ACTIVATED CARBON FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5884 <p>This article provides information on wastewater treatment methods</p> Kushnazarova Shoxidaxon Kosimovna, Muhammadjonova Naziraxon Ravshanjonovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5884 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT OF SPEECH IN MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5883 <p>This article analyzes the features of speech of vulnerable children and their formation. The idea has been put forward about the work aimed at enriching the speech skills and vocabulary of mentally retarded children, the development of connected speech.</p> Khovadillayev Muradkhan Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5883 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 WAYS TO OVERCOME SPEECH DEFECTS IN THE EDUCATION OF PARALYZED CHILDREN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5882 <p>The article describes ways to overcome speech defects in the education of paralyzed children of the Foundation Movement and preliminary corrective measures aimed at expanding the child's practical and emotional experience to develop the child's vocabulary.</p> Makhmudov Khurshid Shukhratovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5882 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE THEORETICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF THE TUTOR OF A SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5881 <p>The article describes the theoretical importance of the development of the professional competence of a teacher of a special education institution and the social and professional competences of a special education teacher that allow the cognitive development of children.</p> Makhmudova Madinakhan Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5881 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 BONE FRACTURES IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. IMMOBILIZATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5880 <p>Compiled in accordance with the curriculum adopted in higher education institutions , it is full of anatomy and physiology of the locomotor apparatus, causes and types of injuries when used in emergency situations, and methods of immobilization and splinting . You will learn about its importance in proper use of bone fracture in the plan of action for transporting it to the treatment facility . Don't panic when you get into an extreme situation and think about what to do first. We believe that this article will be very useful and helpful for our students, that is, future pedagogues and emergency responders.</p> Meliboyev Tavakkal Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5880 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH HEARING DEFECTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5879 <p>This article presents the current issues of the medical-pedagogical-psychological examination of hearing-impaired children, the selection of children to pre-school educational institutions, and the process of sending children to special schools.</p> Muhammadjonova Dilafruz Farhadjan's daughter Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5879 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES OF PREPARING FUTURE TEACHERS FOR THE FORMATION OF SELF-DEVELOPMENT COMPETENCE IN STUDENTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5878 <p>This article is aimed at elucidating the pedagogical technologies of preparing future students for the formation of self-development competence.</p> Oppoqxo‘jayev Xojixuja Azimjon o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5878 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE COMPOSITION OF THE RUBUS CAESIUS L. PLANT AND ITS USE IN FOLK MEDICINE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5877 <p>This article presents information about the morphological characteristics of the rubus caesius plant, its chemical composition and methods of using it in folk medicine.</p> Muxtorova Shaxzodaxon Madaminjon qizi, Xoʻjayev Vaxobjon Umarovich, Karimova Dilovar Batirovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5877 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 TECHNOLOGIES FOR ELIMINATING SHORTCOMINGS IN ORAL SPEECH IN LESSONS OF VISUAL ACTIVITY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5876 <p>This article discusses one of the crucial problems of our time - the development of technologies for the development of oral speech of children with developmental disabilities in the classroom in fine arts. As an addition to this, the author also provides a list of keywords, summary, used literature in this work.</p> Yuldashev Sadirboy Zhurayevich, Mukhammadzhanov Shahruh Shukhratzhan ogli Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5876 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZATIONAL METHODICAL BASES OF THE CREDIT-MODULE SYSTEM IN INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF INDEPENDENT EDUCATION OF INITIAL TRAINING BEFORE THE CONVOCATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5875 <p>The current state and prospects of transition to the credit-module system in the development of students' independent educational tasks in the organization of pre-vocational primary training and its teaching, the credit-module of higher education institutions based on the best world experiences system principles, learner, recognition of educational results. It is desirable to create the possibility of independent formation of the educational trajectory and academic mobility, the accumulation of grades, the interest of professors and students in the organization and teaching of primary training before the convocation, as well as the introduction of a clearly defined evaluation system it is justified.</p> Axmedova Malohat Ergashevna, Abdullayev Mustafo Qalandar o’g‘li Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5875 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SYSTEM OF FORMATION OF LEGAL CULTURE AMONG STUDENTS OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5874 <p>The article describes the role of legal consciousness and culture in the development of society, the main tasks of developing the legal culture of students, and gives practical suggestions and recommendations for the development of legal culture of students.</p> N. I. Gafurova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5874 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 APPLICATION OF EDUCATIONAL FILMS IN PHYSICS IN THE FIRST YEAR OF HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5873 <p>This article describes the methodology of teaching physics, which is one of the modern information technologies, using films on this topic during the lesson. In addition, the requirements for the films used are disclosed.</p> Karimova Sanobar Tuyboevna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5873 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR THE FORMATION OF INTEREST IN PHYSICAL CULTURE AMONG SCHOOLCHILDREN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5872 <p>This article discusses physical education and sports activities are auxiliary means in the formation of a person's personality. They influence the preparation of young people for high-performance work and the defense of the motherland, the improvement of intellectual work, the education of high moral qualities, form their aesthetic tastes, feelings, ideals, needs.</p> Musayev Zarifjon Tursunaliyevich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5872 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PROSPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN’S INTELLECTUAL ABILITIES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5871 <p>Today, the development of intellectual abilities of preschoolers is one of the urgent issues. This article highlights the current issues of developing and improving the intellectual abilities of preschoolers.</p> Niyozova Gulnoza Bakhtiyor kizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5871 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ESSENCE AND FEATURES OF THE MARKET FOR EDUCATIONAL SERVICES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5870 <p>The article discusses approaches to defining the concept of “market of educational services”. The essence of the educational services market is determined. The structure is revealed and characteristics of the educational services market are given.</p> Radjabova Gavxar Umarovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5870 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 IMPLEMENTATION AND PROSPECTS OF THE PIPE TOOL IN UZBEKISTAN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5869 <p>This article discusses the popularization of the trumpet, which is one of the leading musical instruments, in the musical culture of Uzbekistan, the conditions and prospects for the formation of the education of musical instruments in Uzbekistan.</p> Umidjon Urishev Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5869 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE USE OF INNOVATIVE PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION LESSONS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5868 <p>This article reflects the role and advantages of using innovative pedagogical technologies in the organization and conduct of physical education classes, sports competitions, wellness and sports events in higher educational institutions, the specificity of the interactive method.</p> Umarov Abdusamat Abdumalikovich, Umarova Zulxumor Urinboyevna, Alisherova Moxira Axrorjon kizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5868 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ROLE OF PERSON ORIENTED EDUCATION IN GROWTH OF EDUCATION EFFICIENCY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5867 <p>In the article are lightened issues of person-oriented educational techologies in the activity of pedagogic staff of the system of qualification upgrading. As well discussed forming knowledge and skills to didactic support in the process of person oriented education.</p> Doston Sherov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5867 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS OF SHELPOVICH HYBRIDS ON FEEDING WITH PROMISING SHULBERRY SORADS IN SPRING IN KARAKALPAKSTAN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5866 <p>In this article, promising mulberry cultivars and silkworm hybrids were cultivated and their biological indicators were studied. From the obtained results, it can be seen that among the biological indicators of the variants, among the silkworm hybrids fed with the Jarariq-5 mulberry variety, Gozal x Marvarid (Oltin vodiy-2) 96,0 % was observed in option 3 of table 1. Table 1 option 3, which has the lowest incidence rate, is 2.63%. Among the hybrids of silkworm fed with Saniish-33 mulberry variety, the highest viability was observed in Ipakchi-2 x Ipakchi-1 hybrid, 95.6% in variant 2 of table 2. The lowest indicator of the percentage of disease 2.73% was observed in option 1 of table 2. In the conducted experiments, positive results were obtained and it was proved that the biological indicators of mulberry silkworm hybrids fed with promising mulberry varieties have better indicators compared to hybrids fed with Khasaki mulberry variety.</p> Mamatov Khurshid Abdurafievich, Jumanazarov Timur Tanirbergenovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5866 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE RAN IMAGE METHOD: EXPLORING THE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH IN FINE ARTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5865 <p>The incorporation of scientific methodologies in the field of fine arts has revolutionized the way we approach and understand various artistic forms. This article aims to delve into a specific scientific technique known as the Ran Image Method, which has been widely employed for working with the image of a person in the realm of fine arts. By examining the origins, processes, and applications of this method, we will unravel the intricate relationship between science and artistry, shedding light on the innovative ways in which artists capture and interpret the essence of human subjects.</p> I. Mamatov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5865 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CREATIVE PEDAGOGY IS NEW TO PEDAGOGY THE APPROACH https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5864 <p>In this article, creative pedagogy is a new approach to pedagogy Approach, Possible Creative Pedagogical Approaches, Creating Nurturing Environments, Inspiring Lessons.</p> Safarova Zulfiya Karimovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5864 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 “CHARACTERISTICS OF PAINTING SCHOOLS IN TEACHING PAINTING SCIENCE IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS, DIFFERENCE FROM EACH OTHER, SIGNIFICANCE IN OUR NATIONAL CULTURE” https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5863 <p>In this article, extensive information is provided about art schools in Uzbekistan and their uniqueness.</p> Ortikboy of girl Sattorova Sarvinozkhan Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5863 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CONTEMPORARY TRENDS AND INNOVATIONS IN SCULPTURE IN UZBEKISTAN : EXPLORING THE INTERSECTION OF TRADITION AND MODERNITY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5862 <p>This scientific article explores the evolving landscape of modern sculpture in Uzbekistan, a country steeped in rich cultural heritage and a crossroads of historical influences. Focusing on contemporary sculptural practices, the study investigates the dynamic interplay between traditional Uzbek artistry and emerging trends in sculpture, reflecting the societal changes and artistic developments within the region. By examining the works of prominent Uzbek sculptors and institutions, we shed light on the diverse approaches, materials, themes, and dimensions that modern sculpture in Uzbekistan encompasses. This exploration underscores the country's cultural legacy while embracing global artistic influences.</p> Alimardon Khaydaraliyevich Abdullaev Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5862 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 REVOLUTIONIZING MOTHER TONGUE AND LITERATURE CLASSES: AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH FOR EFFECTIVE ORGANIZATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5861 <p>The organization of mother tongue and literature classes is crucial for providing students with a solid foundation in language skills, cultural understanding, and critical thinking. Traditional teaching methods often fall short of engaging students and maximizing their learning potential. Therefore, this scientific article proposes an innovative approach to organizing mother tongue and literature classes, leveraging modern educational theories, interdisciplinary techniques, and technology integration. This approach aims to create an engaging and interactive learning environment that fosters creativity, analytical thinking, and cultural appreciation.</p> Tokhtayeva Nargiza Narziyevna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5861 Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ABOUT THE STUDY OF THE CREATIVE WORKS OF ABDURAUF FITRAT https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5860 <p>This article discusses about the wide- range studies of Abdurauf Fitrat’s life, activity, creativity and literary legacy by Uzbek and foreign literary critics and scholars as one of the great representatives of Jadidism, a unique creator, enlightener, journalist, dramatist and a brilliant scientist.</p> Usmonov Giyosiddin Murotjonovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5860 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 NATIONAL IDENTITY IN THE PAREMIOLOGICAL FOUNDATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5859 <p>The article talks about metaphorization, its cognitive foundations, metaphor, the constant nature of metaphorical language. In particular, analogy from a philosophical point of view, in particular its verbalized manifestations, analogy and its developed variant–metaphor perform a gnoseological task that contributes to the perception of the universe, and linguomadanical study of analogies reveals their national-cultural Semantics, a national axiological gaze reflected in these linguistic units-an opportunity to understand the linguistic picture of the specific universe, showing in examples.</p> Valieva Mukhayo Salimovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5859 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL CONFLICT, TYPES OF PEDAGOGICAL CONFLICT, WAYS TO RESOLVE PEDAGOGICAL CONFLICTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5858 <p>In this article, pedagogical conflict is the basis of conflicts, one of the important events in the pedagogical process. A conflict is a clash of incompatible forces, a lack of mutual agreement between two or more parties, a conflict that represents a conflict reveals interests and ways to prevent this.</p> Xaydarova Marguba Inomova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5858 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF THE VERBS OF EMOTIONAL STATE AND FEELING IN WORD GROUPS AND THE LANGUAGE SYSTEM https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5857 <p>The article is devoted to the linguistic representation of the world and the role of emotional state and sense verbs in the language system, their linguistic description.</p> Muxamedjanov Farxod Mansurovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5857 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ASSESSING THE IMPORTANCE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS IN MANAGING TOURISM DEVELOPMENT https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5856 <p>In this scientific article, the role of public-private partnership (PPP) in managing the development of tourism activity is revealed, and the importance of this mechanism is evaluated using correlation-regression analysis.</p> Mamayusupova Dilovarkhan Begmatovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5856 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH IN RAISING CHILDREN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5855 <p>This article covers the issues of organizing classes based on modern educational technologies, the formation of competencies in the process of teacher training, their adaptation to the student’s mental state, and understanding the student’s feelings. It was emphasized that the main goal of teaching literature is to form a perfect personality who understands the feelings of others and thinks independently.</p> Sotsieva Elmira Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5855 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF THE FAMILY IN THE FORMATION OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5854 <p>The article analyzes the relationship between children and parents as a pressing problem of our time. During these relationships, various mental processes and misunderstandings between parents and children are observed in the child’s psychology. Psychological recommendations are also given to parents regarding raising a child in the family.</p> Muminova Dinara Shamilovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5854 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMAGE OF A MODERN TEACHER https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5853 <p>Duty, responsibility, value, conscience, teacher, taking into account his moral beliefs, the teacher’s exactingness, fairness, means perfection, honesty, correctness. in Gorat’s system, pedagogical delicacy is characterized as the measure, norm and limit of pedagogical, purposeful, useful, value-based actions of the teacher. This article talks about the standards of pedagogical excellence as a component of the modern pedagogical image.</p> Mukhammadieva Khilola Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5853 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 FEATURES OF PLAY ACTIVITIES OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN (WORKSHOP) https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5852 <p>Play activities of kindergarten children. Information is given about the psychological development of children and the influence of gaming activities on the child’s psyche. Home is the main activity of preschool children, and it is such a multifaceted activity in a child's life that it includes sources of imagination, relaxation and entertainment. Features of children's play activities are shown in practical classes.</p> Karimova Mukarramkhan Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5852 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 TECHNOLOGICAL APPROACH TO EDUCATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5851 <p>The article organizes all stages of education based on a technological approach, trains youth in complex thinking while providing deep and well-founded knowledge, develops students' ability to learn independently in the educational process, organizes training based on innovative technologies, activating students and students in education, technological. Based on the principles of the approach, issues of optimization of education are interpreted.</p> Melikozieva Mavlyuda Abdukhafizovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5851 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 WATERCOLOR TECHNIQUES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5850 <p>This article provides information on watercolor techniques, the existence of many different techniques for making watercolor paintings, and the wet-on-wet technique.</p> Mamatkulov Rashidbek Ravshanbekovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5850 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 USING ANTI-SYMMETRICAL PONYMS IN SOLVING ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS PROBLEMS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5849 <p>The article discusses symmetric polynomials in the polynomial theory section of the algebra and number theory course, a class of polynomials very close to symmetric polynomials - antisymmetric polynomials and some of their applications to elementary mathematics.</p> Ummatova Mahbuba Axmedovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5849 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 IMAGE AND HISTORY OF GOD https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5848 <p>Scientific information is given about the history of the construction of the hordes of the Kokan Khanate, craftsmanship, painting, jewelry, the composition of patterns, and the decorations and books of the Khudayarhon horde.</p> M. G’iyosiddinova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5848 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 TREATMENT OF TEETH DAMAGED BY SURFACE CARIES IN REM-THERAPY MODE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5847 <p>This article provides ideas and opinions on surface caries, as well as the treatment of patients with it in rem-therapy.</p> Ilmiy Rahbar. Haydarova Durdona Munisovna, Norqulov Mehrojiddin Mahammad o'g'li, Bozorov Xushnud Mexrojiddinovich, Zokirov Muhammadjon Zokir o'g'li Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5847 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CREATION OF A HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN THE FIELD OF MODERN HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENT https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5846 <p>This research paper examines various aspects of the creation of higher education systems, modern healthcare and benefit management.</p> Ilyasova Munisa Mirvaliyevna, Rakhmatullaeva Shakhnoza Bakhadirovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5846 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 GENDER DIFFERENCES IN THE CHOICE OF LEXIS IN ENGLISH AND UZBEK LANGUAGES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5845 <p>This article investigates the nuanced ways in which gender influences lexical choices in both English and Uzbek languages. Utilizing a comprehensive literature review, the study employs a mixed-methods approach to analyze linguistic data. Results indicate intriguing patterns in word selection, shedding light on the complex interplay between language, culture, and gender. The findings have implications for sociolinguistic research and language education, offering a deeper understanding of how gender shapes expression in diverse linguistic contexts.</p> Nurulloyeva Charos Ubaydullayevna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5845 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 INFLUENCE OF SUGAR BEET PLANT THICKNESS ON ITS DISEASES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5844 <p>Sweetness of the leaf and root of sugar beet leads to severe damage by various insects. The reduction of damage to the plant is primarily directly related to the number of its seedlings. The distribution of sugar beet diseases is also directly related to the number of seedlings. therefore, the number of seedlings for sugar beet is important. In the conditions of Andijan region, it is advisable to plant in the 60X25-1 system so that the number of seedlings is normal.</p> I. Sulaymonov, A. Khabibullaev Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5844 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 METHODS OF STUDYING CHARACTERISTICS OF PERSONALITY AND INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH MENTAL DISABILITY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5843 <p>This article highlights the study of the personality and interpersonal relationships of preschool children with mental retardation through various methods. Scientific evidence and methods are thoroughly covered by scientists.</p> Nabiyev son of Ravshanjon Shavkatjon, Erkinov son of Javohir Mirzahid Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5843 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ARTISANS USED FROM THE HISTORY OF UNITS OF WEIGHT MEASUREMENT https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5842 <p>This article covers the history of the local units of weight used by the artisans of the Fergana Valley. The main attention is aimed at showing the characteristics of the actual weight of these measurement units, the factors of their occurrence, and the nature of changes in these measurement criteria over time. Conclusions are given comparing the local weight measurement system with the metrology of neighboring countries. Fines imposed on artisans who do not comply with these criteria are also discussed.</p> Esonov Ziyodbek Yuldashevich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5842 Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 FORMATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL COMPETENCE OF HEARING-IMPAIRED STUDENTS IN EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES IN SCIENCE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5841 <p>This article describes the content of the formation of environmental competence of students with hearing impairment in extracurricular activities in science. In science extracurricular activities, various activities related to the study and conservation of nature, growing plants, and caring for animals are analyzed.</p> Haydarov Islamjan Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5841 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 INNOVATIVE ECONOMIC APPROACHES IN COMPLEX DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5840 <p>This article talks about modern, innovative management systems in the complex development of branches of industry.</p> A. A. Zakirov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5840 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL METHODICAL TRAINING OF FUTURE DEFECTOLOGISTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5839 <p>The republic has created a regulatory framework for the training of competitive bachelor speech therapists, which is a factor in the successful socialization of persons withтdisabilities. The article highlights the scientific and theoretical foundations of the model of professional competence development of future speech therapists.</p> Khayitov Lazizbek Rustam, Murodjon Khavodullayev Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5839 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE UNIQUE PROCESSES OF FAMILIARIZING PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH HEARING IMPAIRMENT WITH THE ENVIRONMENT https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5838 <p>In this article, the specific processes of introducing preschool children with hearing impairment to the environment and the early diagnosis of deviations from the norm in the child's development, recovery of the consequences of the problem, to children of the first and early age with one or another problem in their development the issues of providing pedagogical support and integrating them into general education institutions are highlighted.</p> Makhmudova Madinakhan Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5838 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF GEOMETRIC CONCEPTS OF MENTALLY DISABLED STUDENTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5837 <p>This in the article The uniqueness of mental activity, deficiencies in the verbal and logical form of thinking lead to the emergence of difficulties in the process of forming abstract mathematical concepts and laws in students with mental retardation. reason to be cause passed . Depending on the bright qualitative characteristics (size, shape, name) of quantitative representations and the spatial location of geometric shapes given .</p> Nabiyev Ravshanjan Shavkatjon son, Ortiqboyeva Parizoda Ismailjon's daughter Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5837 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE MAIN TYPES OF HUMAN ACTIVITY AND INFLUENCE ON THE HUMAN ORGANISM https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5836 <p>This article is about the main types of human activity, the impact of this activity on human health. It will be explained about the means of influencing the body of the factors that have a negative effect on the person.</p> Shermatova Yakutkhan Sabirovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5836 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 REIMAGINING FAIRY TALES IN CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE: THE INNOVATIVE NARRATIVE TECHNIQUES OF LYUDMILA PETRUSHEVSKAYA https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5835 <p>This article embarks on a critical exploration of the transformation of the fairy tale genre in the works of Lyudmila Petrushevskaya. Petrushevskaya, renowned for her incisive foray into the realm of literary fairy tales, emerges as a pivotal figure in contemporary literature, redefining the genre through her idiosyncratic narrative strategies and thematic profundity. The article delves into the genetic lineage of Petrushevskaya’s fairy tales, tracing their roots to the folklore fairy tale while highlighting the distinctive genre evolution. This evolution is marked by a meticulous preservation of the archetypal functions of fairy-tale characters and the structural nuances of folklore cumulative fairy tales. Concurrently, Petrushevskaya’s oeuvre exhibits a pronounced transformation of the genre canon, blending the traditional with the avant-garde, thereby charting new territories in literary expression. A pivotal aspect of this transformation is the infusion of postmodern elements into the fairy tale genre, as evidenced in Petrushevskaya’s work. The interplay of realism, postmodernism, and postrealism within her narratives signifies a paradigm shift in the treatment of fairy tales. This shift is particularly discernible in the incorporation of parody, transformation of familiar fairy tale motifs, and the recontextualization of traditional narratives into contemporaneous themes, all hallmarks of Petrushevskaya’s innovative approach.</p> Khalima Aripova Aripovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5835 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 LEXICAL VARIATION IN THE CONCEPT OF 'FACE' ACROSS CONTEMPORARY LANGUAGE SYSTEMS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF UZBEK, ENGLISH, AND RUSSIAN LEXICONS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5834 <p>This article embarks on a detailed contrastive analysis of the lexical significances attributed to the concept «face» in contemporary Uzbek, English, and Russian linguistic systems. Employing an intricate blend of semantic analysis, cultural linguistics, and comparative methodology, this study meticulously explores the lexico-semantic variances and cultural nuances embedded within this concept. While navigating the complex terrain of linguistic expression and cultural cognition, it reveals the distinct ways in which these three languages encapsulate socio-cultural perceptions and conceptualizations of «face». The research utilizes a comprehensive corpus-based approach, incorporating both qualitative and quantitative data analyses, to dissect the semantic fields and collocational networks associated with «face» in each language. This exploration not only highlights linguistic differences but also sheds light on the cultural contexts shaping these variances. Moreover, the study contributes to the broader discourse on cross-linguistic variability and universality in conceptual metaphors, providing insights into the cognitive mechanisms driving language use and comprehension across diverse linguistic communities. Consequently, this article not only bridges linguistic gaps but also enhances the understanding of the complex interplay between human language, cognition, and culture.</p> Niyazova Shoira Toirovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5834 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5833 <p>This article contains thoughts and opinions about artificial intelligence, which is expected to be one of the greatest discoveries of the 21st century, and its importance in learning a foreign language.</p> Khan Suliman Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5833 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 RAISING THE INNOVATIVE THINKING OF STUDENT-YOUTH https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5832 <p>In this article, a new paradigm of social production efficiency growth is formed based on the use of knowledge and innovation as the most important sources of economic resources in the global globalization system. It requires the development of a system of integrated views that will become the philosophical basis for the formation of the innovative development strategy of the country.</p> Karimova Muyassarkhon Abdukayumovna, Karimov son of Muhammadrakhim Salimjon Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5832 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PROVISION OF VALLEY AGRICULTURE WITH QUALIFIED SPECIALIST PERSONNEL-AT THE CENTER OF AGRARIAN REFORM https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5831 <p>The article sets the task of training mature personnel in the development of the agricultural sector. In this regard, the establishment of agricultural vocational colleges in Namangan region and its role in the promotion of qualified specialist personnel are mentioned.</p> Akhmedova Umidakhon Maripzhanovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5831 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ECO-TOURISM AND DEVELOPMENT OF ECO-TOURISM IN UZBEKISTAN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5830 <p>In the essence of the content of this article, the main principles of ecological tourism reflect the norms, essence, goals and tasks of the development of ecotourism, while developing ecotourism in Uzbekistan, it gives an understanding of the potential of ecotourism and further improvement of tourism sectors in our country.</p> Tursunov Bakhodirjon Nishonovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5830 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF CORRUPT BEHAVIOR https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5829 <p>Corruption it's a terrible vile vile that can spark society in different ways. In this article ,it is thought that this will undermine the foundations of democracy and the rule of law, lead to violations of human rights, create conditions for the deterioration of the quality of life.In particular, the general characteristics of the behavior of a corrupt person are analyzed scientifically – philosophically, psychologically.</p> Karimova Muyassarkhon Abdukayumovna, Gofforov Zafariddin Zaynobiddinovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5829 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CUSTOMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE DEATH OF THE PEOPLES OF THE FERGHANA VALLEY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5828 <p>Based on research conducted in the Ferghana Valley, this article sheds light on the views of the inhabitants of the valley on death, their traditions, pre-Islamic beliefs and syncretization with Islam.</p> M. B. Karimova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5828 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF MUHAMMAD KASHGIRI'S “MUNYATUL MUSOLLI AND GUNYATUL MUBTADI” IN THE HANAFI SECT https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5827 <p>In this article, the life of Abu Abdullah Sadiduddin Muhammad ibn Ali al-Kashgari, as well as his activities in fiqh, nahw, dictionary, tafsir and syrat, Imam Kashgari's book "Minyatul Musolli wa Gunyatul Mubtadi" and the texts of the school of fiqh of the Hanafi school of jurisprudence. it is said that it is one of the enriched works and that Shaykh Ibrihim al-Halabi left two commentaries on the text of "Munyat ul-Musoli".</p> Karimova Muyassarkhon Abdukayumovna, Gofforov Zafariddin Zaynobiddinovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5827 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ABU NASR FARABI'S MORAL VIEWS AND HIS ROLE IN SOCIETY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5826 <p>In this article, Abu Nasir Farabi's by npr rolan feel and views in the society, the spiritual sense of place, social and political development of the society based on feel by npr views.</p> Mo'ydinov Hamidullo Rakhmatillo Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5826 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE FAMILY AS THE MAIN CELL OF SOCIETY IN NEW UZBEKISTAN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5825 <p>The article talks about the formation and development of the family as the MAIN CELL of society in New Uzbekistan, as well as the formation of marriages based on state laws and traditions and values of our people. Particular attention is paid to the problems of women and girls, opinions, comments and proposals are given on solutions to the problems of family relations and the preparation of young people for marriage, which have reached the level of state policy.</p> Akhunov M. Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5825 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 STRATEGY "UZBEKISTAN-2030" - A HUNDRED STEPS IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF A NEW UZBEKISTAN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5824 <p>We aim to be among the “Top” countries of the world by the level of development, and to achieve this goal, we will need a well-developed program. For the development of this program, experts and general public opinion were studied, and many of the proposals received were considered. The Uzbekistan-2030 strategy was developed, taking into account the problems, shortcomings and possible problems and shortcomings in the future. In this regard, the decree “on the strategy of action” was signed by our honored President Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyoyev on September 11, 2023. It began with the words: "In a referendum held on April 30, 2023, the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the new edition was adopted by Universal vote the fact that it was made served to strengthen the constitutional framework for the establishment of a new Uzbekistan.The presidential election held in accordance with the Constitution of the new edition once again testifies to the full support of our people for the political maturity of our society, the reforms that are being carried out towards the establishment of a new Uzbekistan. At the same time, under the updated constitutional and legal conditions, it is required to improve the main directions of the development of our country and bring the large-scale reforms carried out to a new level.”[1]</p> t.f.n., Yusupov Rasuljon Malikovich, Son of Numanov Mansurbek Nasirjan Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5824 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SOCIAL RISK OF RELIGIOUS BELIEF PROMOTION IN CYBERSPACE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5823 <p>Cyberspace as a reality that represents the area of communication carried out through computer networks has been developing and improving on a wide scale since 1990. The concept of cyberspace was originally coined by Canadian writer William Gibson in his 1982 story "Sojjenie Chrome" ("Burning Chrome"). From a social point of view, cyberspace is understood as a community of people who are connected to each other through a computer network and are wrapped in graphic-quality data of any existing computer that intersects at a different geographical point at the same time.</p> Son of Karimov Nasibjon Ikromiddin Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5823 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPORTANCE OF THE SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE OF ANCESTORS IN RAISING THE MORAL AND INTELLECTUAL POTENTIAL OF YOUNG PEOPLE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5822 <p>In the article, we talked about spiritual values, the importance of issues of scientific and spiritual heritage created by ancestors in today's youth education, the sphere of influence. Scientific works created by Oriental allomas are analyzed from an educational point of view.</p> Valikhanova Gulnora Komiljonovna, Ahmedov Komiljon Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5822 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SCIENTIFIC-THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE FORMATION OF STUDENTS' INDEPENDENT LEARNING SKILLS BASED ON THE "CASE-STUDY" APPROACH IN TEACHING ENGLISH https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5821 <p>Article discusses about scientific-theoretical foundations of the formation of students' independent learning skills based on the "case-study" approach in teaching English.</p> Holiqova Dilnoza Sirojiddinovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5821 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 MOLECULAR GENETIC ANALYSIS OF HEREDITARY OF MORPHOBIOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF COTTON-PLANT https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5820 <p>The paper presents the results of a study on the study of the morphobiological and economically valuable characteristics of cotton using traditional and molecular genetic methods. As the objects of study was chosen F2 generation hybrids, derived from hybridization wild-type of cotton G.hirsutum ssp. purpurascens var. el-salvador with the variety “Kupaysin”.</p> Komilov Doniyor Jo’raevich, Mirzaolomov Sherzodbek Mirzavalievich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5820 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ENHANCING INDEPENDENT LEARNING STRATEGIES IN TEACHING ENGLISH THROUGH CASE STUDIES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5819 <p>The article discuss about enhancing independent learning strategies in teaching English through case studies.</p> Aripova Saodat Tohirovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5819 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CAUSES OF HEARING DEFECTS AND DESCRIPTION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5818 <p>This article describes the causes of deafness and hearing loss, as well as the opinions of foreign scientists.</p> Turgunbayeva Zulkhumor Ibrahimjon Qizi, Nasirdinova Ranakhan Abdusalam qizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5818 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SPEECH DEVELOPMENT OF DEAF CHILDREN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5817 <p>This article presents the categories of children with hearing impairment, the stages of speech development in children, speech development of deaf children, effective ways and methods of eliminating speech defects.</p> Muhammadjonova Dilafruz Farhodjon qizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5817 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDYING THE CATEGORY OF CHILDREN WITH MENTAL DEVELOPMENT DELAY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5816 <p>This article aims to fully reveal the categories of children with weak mental development. Explanations are also given about the pedagogical work carried out with children of this category.</p> Kabirova Zarnigor Raxmonjon qizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5816 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPACT OF COMPOSITE POLYMER MATERIALS ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN HEALTH https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5815 <p>(Matthew 24:14; 28:19, 20) Jehovah's Witnesses would be pleased to answers with you. There are many types of activities. The model of the process of life's activities can be imagined in general in the form of a living environment.</p> To‘rayev Shoyadbek Axmadjonovich, Soliyev Nozimjon Azimjon oʻgʻli, Abdulazizova Muslimaxon Sanjarbek qizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5815 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING VISUAL AND AUDIO AIDS IN LEARNING SOME BASIC SKILLS ON THE FLOOR MOVEMENT APPARATUS IN ARTISTIC GYMNASTICS FOR MEN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5814 <p>This section included the introduction and the importance of the research, as the importance of educational methods and their prominent role in the educational process was addressed, as well as identifying the basic skills that researchers use on the ground movement device. The importance of research lies in the effectiveness of visual and audio methods in the learning process.</p> M. Lukman Saleh Karim, M. M. Ola Sabri Hazim, M. M. Mutasim Abdul Karim Fadel Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5814 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE EFFECT OF COMPARATIVE COMPETITION METHOD ON TEACHING SOME FOOTBALL SKILLS AMONG MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5813 <p>The objective of this study was to examine the effects of the comparative competition method on the acquisition of basic football skills among second-grade intermediate students. The study compared the outcomes of using the comparative competition method with the traditional competition method in teaching these skills. The researcher hypothesized that there would be statistically significant differences in the average scores of students between the pre-test and post-test in both research groups, with the post-test showing higher scores.&nbsp; Due to the nature of the research and its applicability, the researcher chose the experimental methodology. The research sample included forty students in the second intermediate grade at the Aden Intermediate School for Boys in the Great Magyar District of the Misan Governorate (2023-2022).&nbsp; The experimental group, the comparison competition method, the control group, and the control group, the traditional method, were all applied to each group to teach certain fundamental football abilities. The main experiment's implementation started on Sunday, October 2, 2023, and finished on Wednesday, December 14, and parity was found between the two research groups for the variables of age, weight, and height, as well as several aspects of physical fitness affecting the teaching of fundamental football skills. The researcher concluded that the two methods (comparative competition and traditional) are effective for teaching the level of performance of football abilities such as rolling and handling, scoring, putting, and hitting the ball with the head in football. The comparative rivalry method of teaching rolling, passing, scoring, suppression, and heading has surpassed the conventional method. The researcher suggested that comparative competition be used to teach fundamental football skills such as rolling, handling, scoring, suppression, and head-butting the ball in football.</p> Samir Mohammed Hben Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5813 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ANXIETY AND ITS IMPACT ON THE SERVE RECEPTION PERFORMANCE OF JUNIOR VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5812 <p>The psychological preparation is an integral part of the teaching process, especially in sports, where the coach's understanding of the psychological aspect is crucial. The athlete's personality and behavior play a significant role in personal training, and behavior contributes to cognitive development, providing opportunities for skill improvement, enhancing competition, and attracting spectators. The research focuses on the psychological phenomenon of anxiety as a crucial psychological factor, emphasizing that it should not be solely viewed as a negative factor.</p> Assistant. Prof. Dr. Khaled Shaker Mahmoud Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5812 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ABSENCE OF THE REQUIREMENT OF MORAL ELIGIBILITY IN THE CANDIDATE FOR THE LEGISLATIVE ELECTIONS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5811 <p>There is no doubt that most democratic people look at the legislative authority as a kind of holiness and respect, because of this constitutional institution with the role it plays and the possibility, rights and powers through which it is able to push the country forward or lead it backwards. One of the most important constitutional principles that the democratic state is keen to apply and adhere to its content in its general elections is to embrace the principle of freedom of candidacy, under which, The father of the competition to win the votes of the voters in front of the largest number of candidates for membership seats in the parliaments, but this does not mean in any way that the right to nominate is devoid of legal conditions that regulate it, and since the task of the deputy is more important and accurate than the task of the voter, and therefore it was natural that the conditions required by the legislator in the candidate are more severe than in the voter, that is, the candidate must be available to start The conditions of the voter, taking into account the strictness required by the legislator for the candidate, provided that he has moral competence, even if it is under different names such as, good character and commendable biography, or good reputation or good conduct within the conditions based on a rule that requires the legislator to be in the highest levels of morality.</p> Mohammed Ghatar Dayekh Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5811 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 FOLKLORE AND FARIDIDDIN ATTORNING A STORY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5810 <p>In this article, the perception of folklore motifs in written literature is analyzed on the example of a story related to oral literature included in the epic "Mantiq ut-tayr" by Sheikh Farididdin Attar. In this process, the symbolic features of the epic, the role of figurative symbols in them in the formation of the epic plot, and the genesis of the fairy tale about Ibn Saqqah (Shaykh San'an) were discussed.</p> Feruza Mamatkulova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5810 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 INNER MEANING IN THE GHAZAL "FASLI NAVBAHOR O’LDI" https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5809 <p>This article deals with the inner meaning of a ghazal of the famous poet Zakirjon Kholmuhammad son of Furqat from Kokand, which begins with "Fasli navbahor oldi ketibon zimistanlar". Although it shows a landscape image from the external side, it is related to its content based on the wisdom of "Al-ma'jazu qantaratul haqiqat". Instead, some points of the poet's skills are evaluated. The main attention is focused on its religion interpretation. At the same time, the reason for drawing such conclusions from this poem of the poet is also explained.</p> Mominjon Siddikov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5809 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PROPERTY IN THE KOKAN LITERARY ENVIRONMENT https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5808 <p>It is noted that musammatism is widespread in the literary environment of Kokan and has taken the form of a literary tradition.</p> Tajikhon Tashboltaeva, Nigora Kholmatova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5808 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 TEACHING OF SMALL EPIC WORKS IN LITERARY EDUCATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5807 <p>This article provides information about the methods of teaching works belonging to the small epic genre in literature textbooks of general secondary schools, the development of students' thinking through this type of works, and the role of small epic works in literature textbooks.</p> Haydarova Dilnoza Elmurot qizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5807 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 NOSEKHIN'S MEMORIAL TO HUVAIDO'S DEATH https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5806 <p>The history and eulogy written by Noseh Chimyani on the occasion of the death of the mystic poet Khojamnazar Huwaydo is also of great importance.</p> Nigora Kholmatova, Tadzhihon Tashboltaeva Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5806 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 HANDWRITTEN COPIES OF THE EPIC "TAHIR AND ZUHRA" https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5805 <p>This article talks about the wide popularity of the Tahir and Zuhra epic in Khorezm and about similar and different aspects of the Tahir and Zuhra epic attributed to the Turkmen poet Mullanafas.</p> Mamatqulova Feruza Tohirovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5805 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE THEME OF ISHK IN THE WORK OF FURKAT https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5804 <p>During his creative work, the poet created many lyrical poems, ghazals, muhamms, musadds. The suffering of the hijran is also important in poetic writings.</p> Nigora Kholmatova, Tadzhihon Tashboltaeva Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5804 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 I SAID KUNGIL DOGIN … https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5803 <p>One of the founders of this literary process, the "Malikush-shuaro" of his time, a talented poet and tazkiranavis Fazliy Namangani, will be looked at. An analysis of the poet's ghazals is discussed.</p> Tajihon Tashboltaeva, Nigora Kholmatova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5803 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPORTANCE OF INFORMATION-COMMUNICATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF A COMPETENCE-BASED APPROACH IN STUDENTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5802 <p>This article highlights the issues of preparing students for professional activity and the development of professional competencies in the higher education system through training based on information and communication technologies. The methodological and technological pedagogical, psychological and philosophical aspects of preparation for professional activity, as well as the principles and organizational aspects of the use of information and communication technologies in the educational process are also described.</p> Khasanov Khayrullo Makhmudovich, Aripov Masud Marufovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5802 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 FORMATION OF LEARNING IN STUDENTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5801 <p>This article presents the formation of learning motives of students at school the development of thinking, the development of thinking, the formation of knowledge, and skills.</p> Sultonov Ravshanbek Rustamovich, Isomaddinova Umida Mamurjonovna, O. Karimova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5801 Sat, 25 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CHINA'S IMPORTANT STEPS AND WAYS TO OCCUPY THE WORLD MARKET https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5800 <p>The artіcle analyzes the factors of competіtіveness and effіcіency of the Chіnese economy, examіnes the dynamіcs of GDP growth rates, examіnes a number of problems that hіnder the progressіve growth of the economy and arіse on the way to the status of a superpower, and also outlіnes further prospects for Chіna’s economіc development.</p> Tokhirov Asadbek Ulugbek ugli Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5800 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 APPEARANCES OF HUMAN CREATIVE KNOWLEDGE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5799 <p>In this article, man's ability to know is not limited, but not all the things and events that he wants to know in each specific historical period, but only knowing what he can know and knowing later what he does not know, that human knowledge has no limit, because the infinity of the macro-micro world is the limit of human knowledge. it is thought that it also shows infinity.</p> Saidahmatova Sadoqat Usmonjon qizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5799 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CHILDREN WITH ANALYSIS DISORDERS AND SPEECH DISORDERS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5798 <p>Underdevelopment of speech is its sensory or motor aspects caused by disturbances. Often both functions are impaired. The reasons for the underdevelopment of speech include various adverse effects during pregnancy, birth injuries and asphyxia, injuries to the speech centers after the birth of the child.</p> Umarova Sabohon Umarova, Muxtorjonova Iroda Yusufjon qizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5798 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND CHARACTERISTICS THAT ESTABLISH THE COMPETENCE OF A TEACHER OF A SPECIAL EDUCATION INSTITUTION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5797 <p>The article deals with the issue of professional knowledge and characteristics that reflect the professional competence of a teacher in a special educational institution, as well as the system of professional knowledge and qualities that demonstrate the competence of a teacher in a special educational institution.</p> Mukhtorova Maftuna Daughter of Bakhromjon Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5797 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 MECHANISM OF SYSTEMIC IMPROVEMENT OF LEARNING TASKS IN LITERATURE TEACHING METHODS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5796 <p>The article discusses the development of literary education, in particular the improvement of educational tasks, an analytical study of the content of questions and tasks in the teaching of literature, the creation of scientific and methodological foundations for the development of educational tasks that reveal the essence of the work, outlines important recommendations from students and conclusions regarding the verification of evaluation criteria knowledge.</p> Rasulova Gulbahor Kerimbaevna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5796 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A NEW APPROACH TO THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5795 <p>In schools for children with limited opportunities, the process of approaching and correctly applying educational methods based on their capabilities, as well as the organization of teaching based on various methods, is the main basis for the comprehensive education of special school students. tried to justify that it is a factor. A new approach to the education of children with disabilities, the special features of pedagogical technologies in auxiliary school education, the scientific and practical importance of using various methods in the cooperation of students and teachers in the organization of education based on modern technologies.</p> Dilbarkhan Yuldosheva Turgunovna, Daughter of Erkaboyeva Okoda Bakhtiorjon Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5795 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 WHEAT GROWING TECHNOLOGY IN AGRICULTURE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5794 <p>Wheat is one of the most common cereal crops. More than half of the world's people use wheat bread as food. Wheat bread contains a lot of protein and starch, and since protein molecules are mainly in gluten, it makes high-quality bread from it. Wheat bread is highly valued for its taste, nutrition and digestibility. The content of wheat grain is from 11.0% to 18-19% protein, depending on its variety and planting season. Protein digestibility in wheat bread is 95%. In addition, groats are made from wheat grains, and its flour is used in the pasta and confectionery industry. Wheat straw and chaff are fed to livestock, and waste from threshing is a high-quality feed. In the technique, alcohol, starch, gluten, dextrin, glue and other various products are obtained from wheat grain. The quality of wheat grain, that is, the content of protein, gluten, varies depending on the soil and climate conditions of the region where wheat is grown. Wheat is one of the oldest cultivated plants. It was planted in Egypt 6000 BC, during which time irrigated agriculture developed in Egypt.</p> Raxmonov Xusan Tojiyevich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5794 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 GENERAL TECHNICAL SCIENCES OF EDUCATIONAL EDUCATIONAL MODULE TECHNOLOGIES HIGHLY EFFICIENT https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5793 <p>This article discusses technology of modular training, their pedagogical aspects, described the structural training modules that address the difficulties identified in the use of modular training technologies.</p> Raxmonov Xusan Tojiyevich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5793 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF MODERN SCULPTURE IN UZBEKISTAN: A FUSION OF TRADITION AND CONTEMPORARY EXPRESSION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5792 <p>This scientific article explores the role of modern sculpture in Uzbekistan, focusing on its contribution to the artistic landscape and the synthesis of traditional Uzbek culture with contemporary artistic expression. Uzbekistan, with its rich cultural heritage and ancient history, has witnessed the evolution of sculpture from traditional forms to the advent of modern and innovative artistic approaches. This article analyzes the factors influencing the development of modern sculpture, highlights significant sculptors and artworks, and elucidates how modern sculpture bridges the gap between heritage and innovation.</p> Alimardon Khaydaraliyevich Abdullaev Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5792 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZING RATIONAL FOOD FOR CHILDREN ENGAGED IN CPORT TYPE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5791 <p>A chess player, who is considered a mental sport, needs to know what nutrients he needs for his mental activity. Proper rational nutrition is very important for a chess player. A person engaged in light physical or mental work should consume 3000-3200 calories per day. Overeating is harmful. Body weight should be monitored regularly.</p> Khayitov Javokhir Bakhodirovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5791 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CREATION OF NEW PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION OF YOUTH STUDENTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5790 <p>In this article, the requirements for the creation of new pedagogical technologies in providing education to young students, the development of society, and the achievement of the intended educational result were highlighted.</p> Dosmatov Togonboy Ganievich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5790 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF VISUAL ARTS EDUCATION ON ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT AND GENERAL WELL-BEING IN SCHOOLS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5789 <p>Fine arts education has been an integral part of school curricula for centuries. However, its importance and impact on student development has become the subject of increasing research in recent years. In this article, we look at the study of visual arts in schools and highlight the many benefits it offers to students. By exploring the cognitive, emotional, social, and academic domains, we aim to highlight the importance of integrating visual arts education into school curricula.</p> I.Mamatov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5789 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 COНТИНУИTY OF INNOVATIVE EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES AND EDUCATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5788 <p>This article defines the tasks of providing the educational process with high-quality textbooks and advanced pedagogical technologies, implementing the informatization of the continuous education system. That's why today's pedagogue is required not only to be aware of the latest achievements of the educational system, but also to be able to apply them in the course of the lesson. Taking this into account, it is very important to organize practical training lessons in a visual way. Creating virtual exhibitions (stands) allows solving the above problems to a certain extent.</p> Yuldashev Odiljon Toshpulatovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5788 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ON THE MECHANISMS OF PREPARING FUTURE TEACHERS FOR INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5787 <p>In this article, the first stage of the teacher's preparation for innovative activities is considered to have the following characteristics: the first stage is the development of the teacher's creative individuality, the identification and formation of creative abilities in students, the solution of creative pedagogical tasks and their analysis, as well as the use of common technologies in creative search development: that is, independent testing of previously acquired knowledge and skills in new situations, being able to see alternative solutions or methods of a problem, combinative use of previously acquired methods of activity in solving a new problem Thoughts on learning to learn, ensuring critical development of thinking are put forward.</p> Yuldashev Odiljon Toshpulatovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5787 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE INSTRUMENT OF DOIRA AND ITS ROLE IN PUBLIC LIFE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5786 <p>This article provides opinions and comments on the functions of the musical instrument doira in the social life of the Uzbek people. A chronological description of this topic from antiquity to the present day is also given.</p> Ismail Rustamov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5786 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZATION OF INDEPENDENT WORK OF ENERGY STUDENTS BASED ON INTER-SUBJECT RELATIONS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5785 <p>This article provides methods for organizing and evaluating independent education using elements of interdisciplinary communication for energy education students in higher educational institutions. Attention is paid to students' independent work using modern information technologies.</p> Mukhammadsodik N. Mamatkulov, Ismoil T. Bozorov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5785 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 INTEGRATION OF GENERAL EDUCATION SUBJECTS - THE BASIS OF EDUCATIONAL EFFICIENCY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5784 <p>In today's globalized society, in order to achieve positive results in any field, it is necessary to pay special attention to the use of high-efficiency technologies and the intellectual potential of society. Based on this point of view, this article describes the ways and results of developing and ensuring the knowledge, skills and abilities of students in general education schools.</p> Sherjaxon Abdufatayev, M. Niyozov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5784 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF CONTINUOUS PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF INFORMATICS TEACHERS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5783 <p>This article provides information on the concept, general principles, and basic rules of professional training development of informatics teachers in training courses.</p> Abdullaev Alibek Qodiralievich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5783 Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 LINGUISTIC REALIZATION OF THE LEXICAL UNIT “AYOL” IN UZBEK AND RUSSIAN POETIC TEXTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5782 <p>This scientific article examines the linguistic realization of the lexical unit “Woman” in poetic texts written in Uzbek and Russian languages. We study the semantic, syntactic and stylistic features of this word in the context of poetry, and show its cultural and literary significance for Uzbek and Russian literary traditions. By researching various Uzbek and Russian poetic works, we aim to shed light on the similarities and differences in the depiction of "Woman" in the language and perform a comparative analysis.</p> Adilova Dilorom Kadirovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5782 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 GENERAL THEORETICAL RULES REGARDING THE PROFESSIONAL AND PEDAGOGICAL PREPARATION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARTISTIC AND CREATIVE SKILLS OF THE STUDENTS OF THE EDUCATION FIELD OF "FINE ARTS AND ENGINEERING GRAPHICS" https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5781 <p>Computer graphics is considered a separate department of information communication technology, and it is important to solve problems of an artistic and creative nature in open conditions from algorithmic thinking. It should be noted that the purpose of education is to use the computer as an educational tool, which is a modern level of education informatization, and the wide development of electronic educational resources in various subjects, testing and control of the computer. we consider it permissible to confess. This leads to the expansion of the content, forms and methods of education. At the same time, in order to create a consistent and didactically appropriate educational environment, it is necessary to emphasize the need to maintain a certain balance between new and optimal methods of traditional teaching and educational technologies.</p> Ikromov Muhammad-anaskhon Khakimjon ogli Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5781 Mon, 27 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CRITERIA FOR DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITAL COMPETENCE IN HIGHER EDUCATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5780 <p>The criteria for developing digital competence in higher education may vary depending on the specific context and objectives. However, here are some general criteria to consider</p> Khanbabayev Hakimjon Ikramovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5780 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PROFESSIONAL AND PEDAGOGICAL QUALITIES IN DEVELOPING THE ARTISTIC AND CREATIVE SKILLS OF THE STUDENTS OF THE FINE ARTS AND ENGINEERING GRAPHICS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5779 <p>Computer graphics is considered a separate department of information communication technology, and it is important to solve problems of an artistic and creative nature in open conditions from algorithmic thinking. It should be noted that the purpose of education is to use the computer as an educational tool, which is a modern level of education informatization, and the wide development of electronic educational resources in various subjects, testing and control of the computer. we consider it permissible to confess. This leads to the expansion of the content, forms and methods of education. At the same time, in order to create a consistent and didactically appropriate educational environment, it is necessary to emphasize the need to maintain a certain balance between new and optimal methods of traditional teaching and educational technologies.</p> Ikromov Muhammad-anaskhon Khakimjon ogli Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5779 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 LEXEMES RELATED TO SCIENCE IN THE WORKS OF JADIDISTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5778 <p>The article will talk about the linguistic units of the sememali “science and enlightenment”, their functional features, which were used in the publicistic and artistic works of the manifestations of the Uzbek jadidism movement.</p> D. Sh.Raxmatullaeva Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5778 Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 METHODS OF TEACHING ROBOTICS IN THE VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENT OF TINKERCAD https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5777 <p>The article discusses the organizational and methodological aspect of the use of the Autodesk Tinkercad virtual environment in teaching robotics based on the Arduino Uno microcontroller in a secondary school. The advantages and disadvantages of using the proposed tool are analyzed in detail and the conclusion is made about the expediency of its use. The article provides links to projects created in the Tinkercad virtual environment.</p> Aripov Masud Marufovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5777 Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE PHENOMENON OF TABU AND EUPHEMISM https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5776 <p>Tabu and euphemisms in Turkic languages, their research,euphemism grouping, methods of euphemisms and word changing techniques are explored deeply in this proposed article. Euphemistic tropes are provided with examples.</p> Sharipova Zhanar Ganibayevna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5776 Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CLASSIFICATION OF CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL SPEECH DEFECTS AND EDITORIAL - CORRECTION WORKS CARRIED OUT WITH THEM https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5775 <p>This аrtiсlе tаlks аbout thе сlаssifiсаtion of сhildrеn with dеvеloреd sреесh аnd thе реdаgogiсаl аnd сorrесtionаl work саrriеd out with thеm. Informаtion аbout whаt асtuаlly hарреnеd in thе sреесh is givеn.</p> Ikromova Farangis Muzaffar kizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5775 Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT AND CALCULATION OF A NEW DESIGN OF A GRITT ON ELASTIC SUPPORTS FOR A RAW COTTON CLEANER https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5774 <p>The article is devoted to the compilation of differential equations of forced vibrations of the grate rod on elastic supports, the theoretical solution of strength issues, the development of proposals for determining the optimal parameters of the grate and reducing the metal consumption of the machine.</p> Норбаева Дильфуза Вохидовна, Алимов Бахтиёр Ўринбой ўғли, Хамиджанова Дилнозабону Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5774 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 METHODS OF USING MODERN PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN ORGANIZING PICTURE LESSONS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5773 <p>This scientific article aims to explore the various methods of employing modern pedagogical technologies to enhance the organization and effectiveness of fine arts lessons. With the advent of digital tools, educators have numerous resources at their disposal to create a more engaging, interactive, and inclusive learning environment. Through the seamless integration of technology into the fine arts curriculum, students can develop a deeper understanding and appreciation for artistic concepts, techniques, and historical perspectives. This article discusses innovative approaches such as virtual reality, interactive applications, online platforms, and collaborative tools that foster creativity and transform learning experiences in fine arts classrooms.</p> Sharabayev Ulugbek Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5773 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 METHODOLOGY OF RECEIVING DICTATIONS USING DIFFERENT METHODS IN PRIMARY CLASSES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5772 <p>This article is about the methodology of taking dictation using different methods in elementary grades, which includes the meaning of the word dictation, the method "I will check it myself", the game "How to use it", the game "Safar" o yini, "Find a word within a word" game, "Interdependence" game, etc., are discussed and the methods of its acquisition are explained.</p> Abdulkhaeva Musharraf Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5772 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SOME ISSUES OF EFFECTIVE ORGANIZATION OF INDEPENDENT EDUCATIONAL TASKS IN PRIMARY EDUKATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5771 <p>This article describes the effective factors of effective organization of independent educational tasks with primary classes of general secondary education in the continuous education system. It has also been shown that approaching independent study tasks as a systematic, continuous process ensures its effectiveness.</p> A. Ziyayev Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5771 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CLINICAL-NEUROLOGICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF THE PATHOLOGY OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM IN CHRONIC GLOMERULONEPHRITIS IN CHILDREN https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5770 <p>To analyze the main clinical and neurological manifestations of pathology of the nervous system in CGN.</p> Umida Nyrmatovna Karimova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5770 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ADVANTAGE IN TEACHING YOUNG STUDENTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5769 <p>In this article, feedback and feedback on artificial intelekti aphalisms in the education of young students will be discussed. In the ever-evolving landscape of education, technology has become an integral part of the learning process. Among the cutting-edge technologies making a significant impact is Artificial Intelligence. AI has revolutionized various industries, and its role in education, particularly in teaching young students, is transformative. This article explores the advantages of integrating AI into the educational framework, focusing on how it enhances the learning experience for young minds.</p> Erbutaeva Aziza Rustamovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5769 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CHILDREN WITH HEARING PROBLEMS NEW ATTITUDES TO EDUCATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5768 <p>In this article, new attitudes to the education of children with hearing problems and information about modern trends in the education of children with hearing disabilities are highlighted.</p> Rakhimova Khurshidakhon Sadikovna, Mukhtorjonova Daughter of Iroda Yusufjan Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5768 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE USE OF MUSICAL GAMES IN MUSIC LESSONS AND EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5767 <p>This article discusses the use of musical games in music lessons and extracurricular activities, emphasizing their importance and types. Examples of games suitable for both lessons and extracurricular time are provided.</p> S. M. Asqarova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5767 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CHESS IS A FIELD WHERE INTELLIGENCE, THINKING AND IDEAS GROW https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5766 <p>In the article, the history of the development of the sport of chess abroad and in our country is looked at, and by teaching blind and visually impaired children to play chess, their logical thinking and will are formed, along with the development of their attention, perception, thinking, memory, and vocabulary through the use of chess games. in one line, the thoughts on how to prepare them for social life in some sense are highlighted.</p> Erkaboeva Nigora Shermatovna, Khodjaeva Dilnoza Shavkatovna, Joraev Nurbek Sa'dullayevich, Babaeva Nargiza Muzaffarovna, Teshaboyeva Feruza Rakhimovna, Gafurov Abdushokir Makhmudovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5766 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SPIRITUAL FACTORS OF RAISING THE INTELLECTUAL CULTURE OF YOUNG PEOPLE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5765 <p>In this article, it is based on the fact that our country is becoming more and more deeply integrated into the system of the world community, the aspiration of our people to take a place among the developed nations of the world requires the development of spiritual factors along with economic factors, high innovative technologies. But the development of the above-mentioned factors depends on the growth of human thinking and the strengthening of creative potential. In the process of deepening of social and economic reforms in the period of new development, it was revealed that some backward concepts left over from the past in the social mind, the vices of administrative command, the moods of tyranny are disappearing, or some young people are being influenced by destructive and alien ideas, the lack of ideological immunity, and the increasing urgency of the issue of freedom of thought.</p> Khujamberdiev Tursunpolat Egamberdievich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5765 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR VISUALLY IMPAIRED STUDENTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5764 <p>This article talks about assistive technologies and their importance, aimed at ensuring that visually impaired students with special educational needs can read through assistive technologies.</p> Turg’unboyeva Zulxumor Ibragimovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5764 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 FEASIBILITY OF A MEDICAL WASTE TREATMENT PROJECT IN THE HOLY CITY OF NAJAF https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5763 <p>The current research focused on providing a clear view of a project about the reality of medical waste management in private health institutions and the methods of treating this kind of waste in the city of Najaf, in addition to estimating the amount of medical waste generated. In this research, a case study was conducted for establishing a comprehensive project of waste management for private health institutions. After estimating the investment and operational costs, making market study-based predictions, estimating the project revenues, and carrying out the field survey, it turned out that all of them were good. Therefore, we can establish a waste management project in the Holy city of Najaf. The current study recommends that the issue of disposal, management, and treatment of medical waste be linked to legal frameworks, so that health institutions, regardless of type and size, shall abide by these frameworks in order to ensure the seriousness of disposing of these hazardous waste in safe ways. The reason is attributed to the risks of such kind of waste, which could result in death due to mismanaging it, in addition to the fact that it pollutes water, air and soil.</p> Assist Prof. Ali Abdulhussein Khaleel Alfadhel. (MBA), Noor Mohammed Kadhim (MFB) Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5763 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 WELL COMPLETION PROCESSES THROUGH ADVANCED SUBSEA EQUIPMENT INTEGRATION: A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF EFFICIENCY AND RELIABILITY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5762 <p>In order to facilitate the production and transfer of hydrocarbons from offshore reservoirs, installing and connecting a variety of equipment and systems on the seafloor is known as subsea well completion. This is a difficult and complicated process. Subsea well completion process design and optimization need taking into account a number of variables, including environmental effect, dependability, and efficiency. The state-of-the-art methods and technologies for subsea well completion are reviewed in this article, along with the ways that advanced subsea equipment like compression, boosting, and subsea processing can improve the sustainability and performance of subsea production systems. We furthermore pinpoint the primary obstacles and prospects for the assimilation and execution of these technologies within the oil and gas sector.</p> Elvin Hajiyev Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5762 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 IMPROVING AND STRENGTHENING INTEGRATED LESSONS IN PRIMARY CLASS LESSONS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5761 <p>The main goal of integrating education is to lay the foundations of a good idea of nature and society in primary school and to form their relationship to the laws of their development. That is why it is important for a junior high school student to see the subject or event from several angles: logically and emotionally, in a work of art and a popular scientific article, from the point of view of a biologist, a wordsmith, an artist, a musician, etc.</p> Yoqubjonova Go’zalxon Hasanboy qizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5761 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 DRAWING AND PLANTING UNITS DETERMINATION MODELS OF PRODUCTIVITY https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5760 <p>The performance of machine and tractor units (MTU) is the most important indicator of their effectiveness. During field testing of new or modernized units, this indicator is taken as a criterion for assessing their performance. Consequently, conducting scientific research aimed at determining the composition and structure of analytical expressions for the performance of machine and tractor units is relevant. The purpose of this study is to develop mathematical models of the performance of units for chiseling and sowing seeds of agricultural crops. In the process of analytical research, well-known methods of analysis and synthesis of information, comparison of data and phenomena, and the scientific subject of operation of the machine and tractor fleet were used.</p> M. Toshboltaev, B. Artikbaev Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5760 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 IMPROVING THE TECHNOLOGY OF PURIFICATION OF NATURAL AND SECONDARY GASES FROM SULFUR COMPOUNDS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5759 <p>Natural, organomineral, synthetic and composite sorbents are used to clean oil and gas from sour gases, the production of which is increasing year after year. Approximately 55% of which are used to purify natural and industrial gases from sulfur-containing organic compounds, mercaptans, carbonyl sulfide, carbon disulfide and other sulfur-containing compounds. At the same time, special attention is paid to the production of a new composite universal generation of these sorbents and technologies for their extraction and use.</p> Aripdjanov Oybek Yusupdjanovich, Kholmatov Shokhrukh Furqat ugli, Kayumov Jamshid Sayfullayevich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5759 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 TEACHER'S ROLE IN USING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATIONAL PROCESSES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5758 <p>This article discusses the role of the teacher in the use of information technologies in educational processes and the need for future teachers to keep up with the times.</p> Yuldashov Barhayotjon Toshpulatovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5758 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 INVERSE TRIGONAMETRIC FUNCTIONS AND RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THEM https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5757 <p>Methоds fоr sоlving equatiоn invdving inverse trigоnоmetric unctiоns are studied. Оne оf the mоst pоpular ways tо sоlve equatiоns invоlving inverse trigоnоmetric functiоns is tо perfоrm a trigоnоmetric оperatiоn оn bоth sides оf a given equatiоn. This sоlutiоn methоd is explained by creating an equatiоn equivalent tо this equatiоn.</p> Yuldashov Barhayotjon Toshpulatovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5757 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 INFORMATION ABOUT THE BIOGRAPHY OF ALEXANDER IVANOVICH DOBROSMYSLOV: “TASHKENT IN THE PAST AND PRESENT” https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5756 <p>In 2012, it was exactly 100 years since the preparation and publication of the book by a prominent scientist, an active member of the Orenburg Department of the Russian Geographical Society and a member of the Orenburg Scientific Archival Commission, A.I. Dobrosmyslov, author of the book “Tashkent in the Past and Present”. The book consists of 15 chapters and covers the following issues: About the history of the city before the conquest, historical facts related to the conquest of the city, the organization of administration of the region with the capital in the city of Tashkent, Economic Administration and courts of the indigenous population, city self-government, income and expenses of the city, urban improvement, educational institutions, societies and institutions promoting education, libraries and museums and book trade, press, printing and lithographs, learned societies, scientific institutions, statistical committees and societies promoting the dissemination of useful knowledge, Orthodox churches, churches of heterodox Christian denominations, synagogues and mosques, medical and sanitary part and veterinary supervision, trade and industry, charitable institutions and various kinds of societies, government and public institutions, various events not included in any of the previous chapters.</p> Ergashev Bakhtiyar Ergashevich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5756 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICE IN HUMAN LIFE: AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT FOR OPTIMAL WELL-BEING https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5755 <p>Psychological services play a crucial role in enhancing human well-being and promoting optimal mental health. This scientific article explores the significant contributions of psychological services in various domains of human life. It discusses the importance of early intervention, prevention, and treatment of mental health disorders, as well as the provision of support for individuals facing significant life challenges. Additionally, it highlights the role of psychological services in fostering resilience, improving interpersonal relationships, enhancing performance in various settings, and promoting overall quality of life. By understanding the comprehensive role of psychological services, individuals, society, and policymakers can recognize the importance of investing in mental health resources.</p> Dilfuza Madgafurova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5755 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ENHANCING INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5754 <p>Interpersonal relationships represent a fundamental aspect of human existence, significantly influencing our overall well-being and life satisfaction. This scientific article aims to explore the latest research and provide evidence-based strategies for improving interpersonal relationships. Drawing upon neuroscientific findings, we discuss the key factors that contribute to successful relationships and propose practical interventions that can enhance communication, empathy, trust, and conflict resolution skills. Overall, this scientific article explores the importance of interpersonal relationships and provides practical strategies for enhancing them based on neuroscientific research. The article covers various topics, including the neural substrates of social bonds, the role of empathy and perspective-taking, effective communication and active listening, building and maintaining trust, and conflict resolution and emotional regulation. By implementing evidence-based interventions in these areas, individuals can improve their relationship dynamics and overall well-being. The article concludes by highlighting the need for continued research in this field to further refine our understanding and provide novel insights into nurturing and improving interpersonal relationships.</p> Dilfuza Madgafurova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5754 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYSIS OF LITERARY AND AESTHETIC THOUGHTS OF ERKIN VAHIDOV AS A LITERATURE SCIENTIST https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5983 <p>What is science in this article? What is poetry? What is creativity? We are looking for answers to such questions. We also summarize our thoughts by comparing them with the literary and aesthetic views of our famous poet, literary scholar Erkin Vahidov. We also talk about what feelings poets should have for the development of our literature and poetry.</p> Mirsanova Moxira Xusniddin qizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5983 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 MODELING THE METHODOLIGICAL ACTIVITY OF TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION TEACHERS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5982 <p>In this article, opinions are expressed regarding the modeling of the methodological activity of technology education teachers and their current situation. Education of the young generation requires great responsibility and knowledge from pedagogues. The methodical activity of the teacher is of great importance in the development of science.</p> M. Kh. Ikramova, Zahrokhan Makhmitaliyeva, Durdonakhan Olimjonova, Nigora Tursunaliyeva Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5982 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 INNOVATIVE PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITY OF THE FUTURE IT TEACHER https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5981 <p>This article is devoted to the problem of forming the ability of the future informatics teacher to use it from a conscious and critical point of view in the innovative pedagogical professional activity.</p> Ziyayev son of Sherali Abdulaziz Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5981 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 NEW METHODOLOGIES FOR TEACHING THE SUBJECT OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5980 <p>The role of the Russian language among the" world " languages is huge as an international means of communication. Due to the entire course of socio-political, economic, scientific and technical and cultural development of mankind in the XX-XXI centuries, the Russian language is rightfully considered the world. This is explained primarily by the" international " nature of modern science and the unprecedented pace of its development. Nowadays, it is important that every student is fluent in Russian. In this regard, it is important to use new methods of teaching the Russian language.</p> Ibragimov Farxod Bazarbayevich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5980 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 TYPES OF CONFORMITIES IN TRANSLATING ENGLISH PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS INTO UZBEK https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5979 <p>This article is devoted to the study of phraseological units which discusses specific features of phraseologies. In addition, it gives information about different approaches to the conformities in translating phraseological units.</p> Dilnoza Borasulova Dilmurodovna, O`g`iloy Karimova Rahmatullayevna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5979 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 TEACHING STUDENTS THE TECHNOLOGY OF PREPARING NATIONAL DISHES IN TECHNOLOGY CLASSES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5978 <p>In this article, a unique and developed aspect of cooking, one of the main treasures of Uzbek culture, is briefly explained. The difference of the Uzbek nation from other nations is in its national dishes. Indeed, the difference between our delicious food and the food of other countries lies in its unique taste and richness in vitamins.</p> Shakhrizoda Malikova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5978 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZING THE TRAINING PLAN OF WEEKLY MICROCYCLES OF YOUNG ATHLETES ENGAGED IN FREEDOM WRESTLING https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5977 <p>In this article, the method of effective organization of training plan in weekly microcycles of 14-15-year-old freestyle wrestlers training in the primary training group is developed.</p> Sultonov Shukhrat Nurmakhamatovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5977 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE USE OF IRONY, SARCASM, HUMOR TRADITIONS, SYMBOLS AND SIMILES IN "YOR-YOR" SONGS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5976 <p>This article analyzes the use of sarcasm, cutting, humorous traditions, symbols and similes in "yor-yor", one of the beautiful genres of Uzbek wedding ritual folklore.</p> Guljakhon Amonovna Mardonova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5976 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE ORIGINALITY OF THE STORY “THE LIFE OF GENGHIS KHAN BY V.I.DALYA https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5975 <p>The content of V, I Dahl's work "The Life of Genghis Khan " echoes the Bible, the Koran, and "Kissai Rabguzi" ("Rabguzi's Stories about the prophets") Nasruddin Burhanuddin Rabguzi was a Turkic poet who lived in Khorezm in the 13th century.</p> U. Jurakulov, M. Bayeshanov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5975 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF ENGLISH AS AN INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5973 <p>English is a widely spoken language in the world. In our modern world demand for English is increasing from day to day. The English language is used nearly in all fields like science, education, IT, business, medicine and so on. In the following article, we will analyze the importance and the role of the English language in the fields listed above. Furthermore, we will learn the factors that led the English language to the level of global languages.</p> Askarova Gulrukhbonu Xasanboyqizi Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5973 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 VOLUNTEERING AS A FORM OF SOCIAL PROTECTION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5972 <p>In this article, the multifaceted role of volunteering as an active and dynamic form of social protection, the development of social stability, and the increase of community cohesion, as well as the role of volunteering in social life, are discussed.</p> Khushnazarova Mamura Nodirovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5972 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF HYDROLYZED POLYACRYLONITRILE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5971 <p>The molecular weight of the obtained polymers (Infinitely Better 1200 Infinity Series) was measured. The obtained results showed the possibility of changing the molecular weight of the polymer material as a result of hydrolysis. As it turns out, the conditions of hydrolysis and the nature of the hydrolyzing agent will affect the values of the molecular weight and the yield of the polymer. The results obtained show that there is an admixture of oligomers weighing about 3000-7000 in the composition of the initial polymer. However, after hydrolysis, these compounds were not identified, probably due to the formation of new bonds between oligomeric and polymer particles, which also contributed to an increase in the molecular weight of the final product.</p> Akhmadjonov I. L., Sobirova N. E., Shakirova M. M. Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5971 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 TYPES OF DAIRY PRODUCTS AND THEIR CLASSIFICATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5970 <p>This article provides information on the types of dairy products</p> Kushnazarova Shoxidaxon Kosimovna, Valijonova Aziza Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5970 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZATIONAL AND ECONOMIC MECHANISMS OF ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIVITY IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5969 <p>In the theory of educational management provided in the article, its uniqueness is manifested in different approaches to management classified according to certain criteria. These approaches determine the essence of the management process and can serve as a subject of analysis in the process of historical-pedagogical research of its evolution, perform the function of qualifying the leading paradigm of this management.</p> Rakhmonova Manzura Shokirovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5969 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE CONCEPT OF "RAISING LEGAL CULTURE IN SOCIETY" AS A SOCIO-POLITICAL BASIS FOR IMPROVING THE LEGAL COMPETENCE OF YOUNG PEOPLE https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5968 <p>In the current period, raising the legal culture of young people is one of the important conditions for building a civil society. Therefore, the fact that the state undertakes the main expenses necessary for legal and educational promotion shows that attention is being paid to the improvement of legal culture in our country at the level of state policy. In particular, the issue of raising the legal culture of young people and encouraging them to improve in all aspects is one of the issues under the special attention of our government.</p> G'.N. Pirnazarov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5968 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 STUDY OF WATER RESISTANCE OF COAL BRIQUETTES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5967 <p>In the work, the study of the water resistance of coal briquettes obtained the optimal content of the binder. It has been established that the product has high quality characteristics.</p> Холмуродова Д. К., Меликулов О. Ж., Исломов Л. Б. Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5967 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING IN IT COMPANIES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5966 <p>The strategic direction of the organization's activity is critically analyzed. The strategic skills required by a leader working in a complex environment to achieve personal and organizational strategic goals. An assessment is made of the relationship between existing, required and future skills to achieve strategic goals. Opportunities to support leadership development are critically examined. A personal development plan is developed to develop leadership in a challenging environment, as well as a development plan implementation process capable of bringing about significant changes in leadership style. The impact of corporate obligations on the well-being of employees is assessed according to the strategic goals of the organization. The influence of corporate obligations to ensure the well-being of employees on the development of organizational values that realize strategic ambitions is determined.</p> Azizbek Hasanov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5966 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SPECIALIST AND FAMILY COLLABORATION IN ELIMINATING SEVERE SPEECH DEFECTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5965 <p>This article describes the cooperation of the speech therapist and the family in corrective work with children with speech defects, and ways to eliminate severe speech defects.</p> Rakhimova Khurshidakhan Sadikovna, Abdullayeva Halimakhan Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5965 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 DIFFERENTIATION OF SENTENCES IN SCHOOL FOR HEARING IMPAIRED CHILDREN THE CONTENT AND ORDER OF THE WORK CARRIED OUT ON https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5964 <p>In this article, the development of auditory perception with the help of speech in the school of hearing-impaired children in the general education classes, the procedure for conducting individual and general classes, the content of educational work on the development of auditory perception in individual classes illuminated.</p> Haydarov Islomjon, Odiljonova Saminakhan Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5964 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 AUDITORY PERCEPTION IN THE INITIAL PERIOD OF EDUCATION THE UNIQUENESS OF DEVELOPMENT WORK https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5959 <p>This article provides information on the development of auditory perception, the main purpose of learning non-speech sounds, exercises used to further improve the lesson, and exercises to strengthen knowledge.</p> Haydarov Isoamjon, Tursunova Nilufar Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5959 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 DIDACTIC POSSIBILITIES OF USING "SMART" TECHNOLOGIES TO IMPROVE THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF PEDAGOGUES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5958 <p>This article discusses the experience of the most advanced countries in improving the quality of higher education, active participation in global educational processes, the application of advanced foreign experience in the development of higher education, in particular, SMART technology.</p> Teshaboeva Feruza Rakhimovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5958 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE PROCESSES OF CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SYNDROME SCIENTIFIC AND THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5957 <p>In this article, the causes of autism syndrome in children are briefly discussed and the scientific research of foreign scientists on the organization of corrective and developmental education for children with autism syndrome, including the scientific research conducted in this field in our country.</p> Teshaboeva Feruza Rahimovna, Usmonjonova Saodatkhan Mirzakhamdamovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5957 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 SYSTEM OF DEVELOPMENT OF AUDITORY PERCEPTION https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5956 <p>In this article, the task of forming speech hearing in the hearing is to intensively develop the residual hearing in the deaf, the reasons for the emergence of the basis of hearing - vision or oral speech perception, and the stages of the development of speech hearing in the deaf are described.</p> Haydarov Islomjon, Nabiyeva Nozimakhan Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5956 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYSIS OF THEORETICAL SOURCES OF RESEARCHING WAYS OF FORMING POLITICAL CULTURE AMONG STUDENTS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5955 <p>The article covers the sociology of youth studied by researchers, their moral and aesthetic views, the practice of youth politics, the issues of positive and negative influence of youth organizations on the development of society, and the content of destructive ideas among young people.</p> Artikova Nargiza Akramovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5955 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 EXPERIENCE OF DIAGNOSING THE COMPETENCIES OF FUTURE TEACHERS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5954 <p>The quality and efficiency in education is in many aspects depend on the appropriate use of pedagogical diagnostic possibilities in the modern organization of the process. The education in the process of forming an independent thinker, a creative seeker, a well-rounded person, decide in practice the "subject-subject" relationship based on interactivity, work education. Pedagogical diagnosis is of great importance in the innovative organization of the educational process and is characterized by the improvement of the mechanisms of using pedagogical diagnostics in the innovative organization of the educational process in accordance with the society's goal of educating a well-rounded person.</p> Ziroat Anvarovna Kholmatova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5954 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 TEACHING OF SCIENCES IN HIGHER EDUCATION ON THE BASIS OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5953 <p>This article shows the information about HobkiHe improving the efficiency of training module "Special teaching method for a native language." Namely, the use of SMART technology in the formation of the goal of classes and creating electronic resources for modules.</p> Teshaboeva Feruza Rakhimovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5953 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 CAPABILITIES OF SCRATCH FOR WORKING WITH ANIMATIONS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5952 <p>This article provides information on the importance of Scratch technology in education, creation of animated and interactive projects, cartoons and other multimedia products in the Scratch programming environment, ease of use, interface and capabilities of the working environment in the Scratch visual program for students of any age.</p> Bagbekova Laylo, Djumaniyazova Malika Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5952 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OPPORTUNITIES OF COMPUTER GRAPHICS IN CREATION OF ELECTRONIC TEXTBOOK https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5951 <p>This article provides information about the concept of computer graphics and the capabilities of electronic textbooks. It is also explained that graphical representation is an important process in the creation of electronic textbooks and their use in education.</p> Bagbekova Laylo, Madaminova Xilola Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5951 Mon, 04 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYTICAL MODELING OF ADDITIONALLY ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE OF THE LEARNING PROCESS WITH THE HELP OF AN INTELLECTUAL SYSTEM https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5950 <p>This work is devoted to the study of the quality of the learning process by management in the acquisition of additional knowledge using analytical modeling and the use of ergonomics. Where, the issue of the learning process is considered, with the participation of additional sources of information - an intelligent system (IS) in the acquisition of knowledge by the trainee.</p> Халдаров Хикматулла Ахматович Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5950 Mon, 04 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ABOUT ONE APPROACH: ACQUIRING ADDITIONAL KNOWLEDGE WITH THE HELP OF ERGONOMIC MODELING https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5949 <p>The research work is devoted to determining the quality of the learning process of additional knowledge acquisition using ergonomic modeling.</p> Халдаров Хикматулла Ахматович, Маматкаримов Камолитдин Зиядуллаевич, Юлдашева Зебунур Хасановна Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5949 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AND INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIONS https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5948 <p>Language serves as a powerful bridge between cultures, facilitating communication, understanding, and fostering connections across diverse communities. In the realm of intercultural communication, the Russian language stands out as a fascinating and intricate tool. This article explores the role of the Russian language in intercultural communication, delving into its linguistic nuances, cultural implications, and the ways it serves as a conduit for meaningful interactions.</p> Khaydarova Shohista Rustamovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/5948 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000