Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal <p><strong>Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal (GIIRJ) </strong>is a monthly peer reviewed international journal. The international interdisciplinary journal publishes the articles in various disciplines. We invite authors to submit the original research papers for the current issue of our journal. GIIRJ is started with the vision of providing the platform to the researchers in 2013 and providing the services with best quality paper publications in the areas not limited Sciences, Humanities, Economics, Finance, Engineering, History, Educational Advancements, Tourism and physical sciences. </p> <p><strong>A PEER REVIEWED REFEREED MONTHLY E-JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong>(ALL SUBJECT ONLINE MONTHLY JOURNAL)</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2347-6915</li> </ul> <ul> <li> <p><strong>SJIF Impact Factor 2022</strong>: 7.718</p> <p> : 2021: 7.472</p> <p> : 2020: 6.914<br /> : 2019: 6.519<br /> : 2018: 5.723<br /> : 2017: 5.604</p> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>Submission Date :</strong> Open</li> <li><strong>Publication Date :</strong> Within 48 Hours </li> </ul> <p><strong>Send your Manuscripts to:</strong></p> Galaxy Journal en-US Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal 2347-6915 PRODUCTIVITY OF USING AUTHENTIC MATERIALS IN TEACHING ENGLISH IN NON-PHILOLOGICAL FACULTIES <p>In this article, we will talk about the methods of using authentic materials in English teaching lessons, besides the types of authentic materials, and the results that can be obtained from these lessons in order to enrich the lessons, especially in the teaching of non-philological faculty students, in order to plan interesting English lessons. It is said that the role of the resources used in the course of the lesson is important in increasing the interest of non-literary faculty students in foreign languages and increasing their motivation to learn the language.</p> Matyokubova Shokhida Abiyrovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-01 2023-03-01 11 3 1 5 IMPACT OF ICT ON HIGHER EDUCATION <p>ICT is an abbreviation for Information and Communication Technology. The effects of information and communication technology on the widespread implementation of online education in higher education are the primary focus of this study. It looks at the fundamentals of how ICT has changed higher education. The authors of this research used a descriptive-analytic narrative evaluation of the literature to draw out the key points about the influence of ICT on higher education. Researchers used a methodical interpretive approach to synthesis the effect of ICT on the spread of online education. Incorporating ICT into the classroom is compelling educators and institutions to reevaluate their approaches to teaching and learning. Regardless, the problem of ICT usage has been addressed across the board in the educational system, and comparable concerns have been voiced about the absence of legislative provisions, infrastructure, and teacher/student competences that hinder the delivery of excellent education for the learner. As a result, the growing popularity of ICT has been driving a revolution in both the organizational framework and instructional methods of today's classrooms. There is a pressing need to improve and broaden the present digital platform and continuing ICT-based educational endeavor in order to tackle the challenges of today and tomorrow and ensure that all students have access to a high-quality education.</p> Dr. Madhu Singh Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 11 3 6 11 THE METHODOLOGY OF INTERPRETING THE SURFACE TENSION COEFFICIENT IN MEDICAL BIOPHYSICS COURSE PROCESSES USING THE DROP BREAKDOWN METHOD <p>Today's topic shows that biophysics plays an important role in the development of modern innovative technologies in the development of the medical education system in the world. The science of biophysics is related to chemical processes and is considered non-living nature and takes place in its own conditions.</p> Yulduz Xayitova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-02 2023-03-02 11 3 12 17 COGNITIVE CAPABILITIES AND THEIR IMPACT ON CREATIVE SKILLS, A EXPLORATORY STUDY OF A NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES AT THE COLLEGE OF ADMINISTRATION AND ECONOMICS, TIKRIT UNIVERSITY <p>The research aims to describe the variables of the study (cognitive abilities, and creative skills),as well as analyze the relationship between cognitive abilities and creative skills, and measure the impact of cognitive abilities in achieving creative skills. Having creative skills. The research was based on the main hypothesis: There is no statistically significant effect at the level of significance (0.05) between cognitive abilities in their dimensions (learning abilities, cultural abilities, communication abilities) and creative skills. The analytical method was used by the researcher to reach the results, and the questionnaire was the main tool for collecting data and information related to the practical side, and the College of Administration and Economics - Tikrit University was chosen as a field for research and testing its hypotheses, and the opinions of (87) employees of the above college employees were surveyed. The most important conclusions that the researcher ached were that the dimensions of cognitive abilities achieve statistically significant correlations with creative skills, so that these results indicate that creative skills depend largely on cognitive abilities, as the more the college under study tends to adopt the dimensions of cognitive abilities and employ them correctly. This is more in achieving and enhancing creative skills employees. The most important recommendations were as follows: We must continuously strive to create an environment that helps and maintains the creative skills of employees on the one hand, and educational services on the other hand, as well as urging the administration of the college under study to think seriously and give great attention to cognitive abilities and look at them according to a future strategic perspective because of their Of the positive effects, as well as the need for the college under study to adopt the dimensions of knowledge capabilities in its field of work and at all administrative levels in accordance with the vision Aimed at achieving creative skills.</p> dnan Rashid Awad, Salam Hussen Jasim, Talha Kawan Salim Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-02 2023-03-02 11 3 18 32 COMPLEX CONTROL AND ACCOUNTING IN THE PREPARATION OF COLLEGE STUDENTS <p>Comprehensive control is the measurement and evaluation of various indicators in training cycles in order to determine the level of an athlete's preparedness (pedagogical, psychological, biological, sociometric, sports-medical and other methods and tests are used).</p> Abdubannabov Muhammadyusuf, Bobojonov Nozimjon Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-05 2023-03-05 11 3 33 35 MODERN UZBEK NATIONAL IN FINE ARTS THE ROLE OF DRESSES AND THEIR PROBLEMS IN THE LEARNING PROCESS LEARNING TRADITIONS <p>To study the features of modern Uzbek national costumes in this article on the basis of the conceptual framework for the development of innovation activities of the student selection of the content of education and means of aesthetic education with reference to the content and essence are covered.</p> Ro’ziboyeva Gulchiroy Saydulla’s daughter Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-07 2023-03-07 11 3 36 39 MENTAL PREPARATION OF THE POPULATION TO ACT CORRECTLY IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS <p>Mental preparation in civil protection is the education of the belief that the performance of civil protection duties is a duty to the country and the people, it is the understanding of the need to conscientiously perform one's duties in times of peace and military operations, to overcome difficulties in such situations, and education in the spirit of endurance to mental difficulties.</p> Abdurakhmonova Sayorakhan Ruzalievna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-07 2023-03-07 11 3 40 42 DISTANCE RESEARCH METHODS AND DIGITAL MAPPING <p>In this article, students studying in the field of "Geology, prospecting and exploration of mineral deposits" are trained to develop the skills and abilities to carry out remote mapping and geological research in Geological prospecting with the help of accurate and modern tools. and in order to increase their knowledge, the introduction of the science of "Remote research methods and digital mapping" was considered.</p> Fayziev Habibullo Abdullo o'g'li Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-07 2023-03-07 11 3 43 48 METHOD FOR CALCULATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF THE LONGITUDINAL SLOPE OF THE ROAD ON THE TIRE LIFE <p>This article presents a methodology for studying the effect of each percentage of the longitudinal slope of open-pit roads on tire life. The experiment was carried out at the Muruntau quarry, owned by the Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combine (NMMC). The experiments were carried out on Komatsu HD785-7 dump trucks with a carrying capacity of 91 tons. According to the results of the experiment, it was found that the life of dump truck tires operated on routes with an average road slope of 6% is reduced by 2 times compared to tires operated on a horizontal road.</p> Yusupov Umidbek Boltayevich Mukhitdinov Akmal Anvarovich Urinbayev Quvondiq Ulug’bek o’g’li Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-07 2023-03-07 11 3 49 59 INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF THE ECONOMY <p>Nowadays, innovative development contributing to economic and social effective development is great importance. The study reveals ways to take advantage of the advanced innovation infrastructure to effectively organize the innovation process in the economy. Practical recommendations for modeling and improving the organizational mechanisms of innovative activity aimed at developing economic development for the state are given. This article covers various ways to make the innovation development process more efficient.</p> Akramova Aziza Abduvohidovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-07 2023-03-07 11 3 60 62 INTERNET ETHICS AND INTERNET ETHICS IN THE INFORMATION SOCIETY <p>This is it in the article ethics and internet ethics in other words , from the Internet fruitful use of the Internet useful and harmful sides , information society concept from the internet use young generation to the psyche effect as well instructions about the word held .</p> Shahlo Muhammadaliyevna Askarova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-07 2023-03-07 11 3 63 65 STUDY OF SOMATIC PHRASEOLOGY WITHIN GERMAN AND UZBEK LANGUAGES <p>This article analyzes the study of somatic phraseology in German and Uzbek languages, Germanic languages, Romance languages, Slavic languages, languages of the Thai-Chinese group, more than two languages, and related and non-related languages in Uzbek linguistics.</p> Nurullayev Khasan Tukhtayevich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-07 2023-03-07 11 3 66 70 MAIN STAGES AND CONCEPT OF EDUCATION OF YOUTH IN THE SPIRIT OF MILITARY PATRIOTISM <p>The concept of educating youth in the spirit of military patriotism was developed based on the main principles and priorities of the state policy on youth implemented in the country, and in the current era of complex globalization, in a situation where information and communication technologies are rapidly developing, young people are trained in military taking into account national and international legal norms, current tasks related to patriotic education and ways to solve them, the role and importance of state and non-state organizations, family, neighborhood, educational institutions in this regard, mutual cooperation determines. This is reported by the press service of the Ministry of Defense.</p> Alinazarov Nodirxon Nosirxonzoda Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-07 2023-03-07 11 3 71 72 TOURISM DEVELOPMENT MODEL IN UZBEKISTAN AND ITS SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS <p>The article is devoted to the essence, features, factors and opportunities for the development of the national model of tourism in Uzbekistan. The measures taken by the state for the further development of the national model of tourism in the country are also considered.</p> Nurislom Tuxliyev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-07 2023-03-07 11 3 73 78 RETROSPECTIVE ASSESSMENT OF JOINT SYNDROME AND JOINT STRUCTURE DISORDERS IN OSTEOARTHRITIS <p>The purpose of the study: Retrospective assessment of clinical signs and course of the disease in patients with osteoarthritis in the ratio of gender.This research study conducted a retrospective analysis of 300 patients hospitalized at the City Clinical Hospital No.3 from 2015 to 2019 on the basis of medical records and emphasized the analysis of the clinical course and consequences of the disease. On the basis of the obtained documents, the joint syndrome and disorders of the joint structure observed in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) were assessed by radiological images. It was noted that in patients with OA, joint syndrome was different and gender differences were identified.</p> Khalmurad Akhmedov, Sagdiyana Buranova, Ikhtiyor Turaev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-07 2023-03-07 11 3 79 85 CLINICAL-NEUROLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF NERVOUS SYSTEM INJURIES IN PATIENTS SUFFERING WITH COVID -19 <p>Currently, the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is an urgent problem for all countries of the world. Like all countries, the incidence of this virus is increasing in our republic, and new clinical features are being observed. Observations show that the disease affects all body systems and leaves its obvious complications. In particular, it causes various pathological symptoms and syndromes of the central and peripheral nervous systems.</p> Raxmatullaeva G.Q., Toxirov J. J. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-07 2023-03-07 11 3 86 92 THE INTERPRETATION OF THE MINIATURES USED IN THE MANUSCRIPT COPIES OF "GULSHANUL ASROR" AS AN ARTISTIC SOURCE <p>In the state presented analysis manuscript produced by Haidara Khorazmi "Gyulshanul-asror", stored in the National Library of France, i ee miniature. Takje privodyatsya nekotorye svedeniya o eksemplyarax miniature, written for etoy work, sobrannyx for different albums.</p> Joraev Jamoliddin Aminjonovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-08 2023-03-08 11 3 93 101 SOY PLANT AND ITS SPECIFIC MORPHO-BIOLOGICAL STRUCTURE, COMPOSITION AND ITS PLACE IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY <p>This article provides information on the origin, foreign and domestic varieties, distribution, place and economic importance of the soybean (Glycine max) plant belonging to the leguminous family, as well as its growth, development and cultivation.</p> Bakirova Shahnoza Zokirjon qizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-10 2023-03-10 11 3 102 105 DISTRIBUTION OF ALGEBRAIC MATERIAL IN THE COURSE OF MATHEMATICS OF PRIMARY CLASSES <p>The following elements of algebra are included in the initial course of mathematics: expression, expression value, numerical and alphabetic expressions, equalities, inequalities and equations.</p> Sultanov M. M. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-10 2023-03-10 11 3 106 109 A PERSPECTIVE STUDY ON PUBLIC PERCEPTION ON REPUBLICAN PARTY OF INDIA <p>Political parties are lifeblood of democracy. In modern societies, political parties seem to be an indispensable part in almost every country. A political party is a group of people organized to seek influence in government policy and for the purpose of winning government power, by nominating their candidates in electoral and other means. In a democratic society, a political party is on the input side of a political system, that is, the demands and interests of the people are collected from political parties and analyzed by the government before any policy decision is made. India is the biggest democracy in the world. Political parties are indispensible for the working of democratic government. Democracy guarantees freedom and freedom is the most precious treasure of man. They are prerequisites for the effective and smooth functioning of demographic edifice of a country. As it known the majority of the party controls government while the opposition</p> <p>Continues to play a significant role as an effective check against the abuse and misuse of power by the ruling party. The main function of political parties is to ensure a two-way</p> <p>Communication system between the government and public. Public opinion has long been of vital importance to democratic governance.</p> Dr.V. Raju Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-11 2023-03-11 11 3 110 111 INTERESTING STORIES ABOUT CHEMICAL ELEMENTS <p>Every society's future depends on how well-developed its education system is, which is both an essential component and a fundamental requirement. In this article, we can discuss information about some interesting stories about chemical elements.</p> G‘aniyeva E’zozabonu Rustamjon qizi, Tokhirov Bakhrom Bakhodir o‘g‘li, Oqboyev Khurramjon Odiljon oʻgʻli Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-11 2023-03-11 11 3 112 113 REPLACE SCHOOL PREPARATION IN SCHOOLS TODAY <p>In this article, nowadays, this science serves to educate young people in schools in the spirit of military patriotism and to love the motherland, to protect our country with bravery, and to train them as military potential personnel.</p> Khasanov Muzaffar Sadikovich Nizamiy Shernazarov Khushnudbek Sunnatulla Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-11 2023-03-11 11 3 114 117 USE OF ARTILLERY IN MODERN WAR (A Brief Analysis of the Ukrainian Conflict) <p>At present, modern artillery has complexes and systems capable of delivering strong and accurate strikes, firing at long distances, wide maneuverability, and sudden and rapid action in any conditions. The presence of self-propelled armored artillery systems, rocket close-fire systems, missile complexes, clustered and high-precision ammunition allows striking with minimal consumption of missiles and ammunition, open and closed, mobile and stationary, tracked and untracked, armored, single, group targets allow for use in any weather conditions, day and night. However, the most important aspect of this riot of opportunities is the financial aspect.</p> Ganjiyev Shuxratjon Jurayevich, Usmonov Shaxobiddin Ruzimurodovich, Karimov Azamat Xoldarovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-11 2023-03-11 11 3 118 121 WORK-RELATED TO TEACHING CORRECT WRITING WAYS OF ORGANIZATION <p>Formed based on written speech. correct perception and correct pronunciation of words are one of the most necessary factors of literate writing. According to the information provided by psychologists and methodologists, visual intuition and memorization of what is written play a key role in acquiring writing skills. According to his calculations, he connected the orthographic skill with psycho-physiological nature and paid the main attention to his reading and imagination.</p> Khakimov Azizkhan Asrorovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-11 2023-03-11 11 3 122 126 THE MECHANISM OF USING EDUCATIONAL PROJECTS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE ACTIVITY OF FUTURE TEACHERS BASED ON AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH <p>In this article, based on an innovative approach, comments are made on the mechanism of using educational projects in the development of cognitive activity of future teachers and on the significance of educational forms in the development of cognitive activity of students.</p> Yuldasheva Malohat Erkinovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-11 2023-03-11 11 3 127 129 ENTOPSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE EFFECT OF STRESSFUL SITUATIONS IN FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS <p>This article reflects on their stressful state in family relationships.</p> Sadatova Nodira Musurmonovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-12 2023-03-12 11 3 130 133 DIGITAL GOVERNANCE STRATEGY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NEW UZBEKISTAN <p>This article discusses the purpose, objectives, importance of digital management and its contribution to the development of new Uzbekistan. The "Information and Resource Center" was chosen as the object of research, opinions and proposals on the advantages, convenience and effectiveness of its digital management are substantiated.</p> Эркин Кулдашев Кудраджон Абдусаматов Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-14 2023-03-14 11 3 134 138 THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA MARKETING IN TRAVEL DECISIONS <p>The way individuals connect with one another around the world has changed as a result of globalization and the rapid evolution of communication technologies. As a technology that enables businesses and customers to communicate without being present physically, social media has risen in popularity in recent years. Because of this, companies across a range of industries are using social media marketing (SMM) to increase customer interactions, word-of-mouth marketing and sales, brand value and recognition. However, the use of SMM is influenced by certain socioeconomic and cultural factors in a given area. The rise in social media usage in Uzbekistan as a result of the development of social media technology gives the tourism and hospitality industry the chance to use SMM to make significant progress in this country.Determining how SMM may affect consumer purchase decisions in Uzbekistan tourism industry is the goal of the current research article. As the most suitable research methodology, a narrative literature review was used in the current study. The study's findings indicate that social media usage has increased and that travelers now use social networks in the process of decision making. SMM has a lot of potential for tourism companies to increase their brand value, identity, awareness and word-of-mouth.</p> Zafar Abdullaev Dyah Anggraini Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 11 3 139 146 ANALYSIS OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC EXPERIENCE IN DESIGNING HISTORICAL LOW-RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS <p>The article discusses foreign and domestic experience in designing low-rise residential buildings in the historical part of cities. A comparative analysis of the functional and planning organization of traditional low-rise residential buildings is carried out, similar in their national traditions and natural and climatic conditions are revealed.</p> Yuldasheva M. K. Kamilova M. E. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 11 3 147 152 TRAINING OF CADETS OF SPECIAL FORCES UNITS USING TRAINING TOOLS IN HAND-TO-HAND COMBAT TRAINING <p>This article describes the content of the hand-to-hand combat program as a military-practical part of the physical training of cadets at a higher educational institution, and the current state of hand-to-hand combat training of cadets of various higher educational institutions.</p> Rakhmetov Takhir Tolaganovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-16 2023-03-16 11 3 153 154 PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF FOOTBALL IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN <p>Football is the most popular sport in Uzbekistan, which gained independence in 1991. The national association participates in all competitions held by FIFA and the Asian Football Confederation. The main governing body of Uzbek football is the Football Association of Uzbekistan, founded in 1946.</p> Karimov Bobir Bagadirovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-16 2023-03-16 11 3 155 157 SCIENTIFIC BASIS OF CROP CROPPING, SWITCHING TO ROTATION AND ADJUSTING IT <p>Crop rotation is the most important part of the farming system. It is an effective measure to ensure soil fertility and increase crop productivity. This article contains information about the scientific theoretical basis of crop rotation and the necessary recommendations for switching to crop rotation and its mastery.</p> Raxmanov Ergash Asadullayevich, To’rayeva Zuxra Muxtorovna, Namozov Sanjar Mamanazarovich, Xujanazarova Munavvar Rustamovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-16 2023-03-16 11 3 158 161 FEATURES OF THE LANDSCAPE ORGANIZATION OF THE TERRITORIES OF PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS <p>Current trends in the design of kindergarten territories are revealed, features and problems of landscape organization of modern children's institutions are revealed.</p> Д. З. Салохиддинова Ф. Ф. Солиев Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-17 2023-03-17 11 3 162 167 ANALYSIS OF STYLE AND CLASSIFICATION OF ANALYTICAL JOURNALISM <p>The article presents a brief description of analytical genres of journalism in the English language and investigates various forms related to analytical journalism.</p> Shukurova Nigora Shavkatovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-17 2023-03-17 11 3 168 171 GENERAL CONCEPT OF THE POSITIVE IMPACT AND CRITERIA OF THE SCIENCE OF LIFE ACTIVITY SAFETY ON HUMAN LIFE <p>The sum of active actions of a person means the concept of activity. It is this activity that distinguishes humans from other living creatures. Therefore, activity is a necessary indicator for the existence of a person. Labor is the highest form of human activity. Therefore, if there is no activity and labor, there will be no human society. Vital activity is a person's daily activities, rest, and lifestyle.</p> Berdirasulov Dilshod Qodirovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-18 2023-03-18 11 3 172 175 HIV INFECTION IN PREGNANT WOMEN <p>Statistics from the World Health Organization show that since the discovery of the disease, 79 million people have been infected with HIV in the world, according to data for 2018, the number of people living with HIV amounted to 37.9 million people and 1.7 million new cases of HIV infection were recorded . In 2018, 770,000 people died from HIV-related causes. Of the 37.9 million people, 62% received treatment and 53% achieved suppression of the HIV virus to a level that precludes the possibility of infecting another person. The vast majority (93.5%) of detected cases are in the adult population. The percentage of women is about half. And the number of deaths due to HIV, as can be seen from the above data, for the entire time of the study of infection is more than 35 million people.</p> Baykhanova Nasiba Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-18 2023-03-18 11 3 176 180 MAIN METHODS OF ORGANIZING VOLLEYBALL SPORTS ON THE BASIS OF INTERNATIONAL REQUIREMENTS <p>The game of volleyball is not only entertainment, but also an educational activity that increases physical activity. Therefore, it is very important to organize volleyball lessons and educate students to be competitive and resistant enough to play this game. This article describes in detail the methods used in the organization of a volleyball game and its study.</p> Sattarov Karshiboy Norkulovich Renatova Gavhar daughter of Sohibjan Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-18 2023-03-18 11 3 181 183 PERFORMING A LITERATURE REVIEW: AN OVERVIEW <p>One of the early activities in the research process is the review of the research literature. After the problem has been identified, information is needed about the problem so that it can be put in the proper context and the research can proceed effectively. In the review of the literature, the researcher attempts to determine what others have learned about similar research problems and to gather information relevant to research problem at hand. Research is never ending process no investigation can be visualized in isolation. If we haven't already defined our research topic, we can't begin our literature search. However, the process of searching for relevant literature may be critical in help in we define our research problem. When we do a literature review, we increase our research approach as well as our overall knowledge base. Books, magazines, and the Internet are the primary sources for recognising literature. There are a number of resources that might assist we in discovering relevant publications. One of the most significant aspects of our study's literature review is that it acts as a theoretical framework for the investigation, as well as providing context for our results. Only the first function may be completed at this point in the research process. An important part of a good literature review is to present the key themes in a logical progression; each argument should be supported by specific quotes or citations from the source material; and the reference style used must comply to an accepted academic standard. This paper discusses literature review as a methodology for conducting research and offers an overview of different types of reviews, as well as some guidelines to how to both conduct and evaluate a literature review paper.</p> Dr. Sauli Mitra Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-19 2023-03-19 11 3 184 190 TRAINING NEEDS OF PUBLIC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS: AN INPUT FOR A PROPOSED CAPABILITY ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM <p>Training is very important in any organization that aims at progressing. It plays important roles in the effectiveness of an organization and its workforce. In the Division of Province of Cavite, the result of National Achievement Test for the past three years has not reached yet the target mean percentage score of 75. It is in this regard that the researcher intended to ascertain the training needs of public junior high school teachers in the Division of Province of Cavite. The study made use of descriptive research design. The researcher utilized convenient sampling technique in selecting the 100 participants of the study. This study was conducted using the survey tool adapted from Department of Education Region X, Division of Cagayan De Oro City. The results revealed that the most needed trainings of public Junior High School teachers are on knowledge management, moral transformation, conducting qualitative research, oral communication, enhancing analytical and critical thinking, spread sheets/ data base, and spirituality. The results provide an input for a proposed capability enhancement program for teachers.</p> Kevin Kertz F. Peñaflor Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-19 2023-03-19 11 3 191 205 PHYSIOLOGY OF LOCAL BLOOD GOATS <p>One of the most important components of the internal environment of the animal body is blood, through which all its organs and tissues are combined into a single whole. Indicators of blood, as one of the physiological systems, are an integral indicator of the functioning of the whole organism.</p> А. У. Торешова И. Ш. Турсинбаева Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-20 2023-03-20 11 3 206 209 PYTHON AS A CHAT-BOT DEVELOPMENT TOOL <p>Constantly changing market conditions, high speed of decision-making, multitasking in asset management and the need to reduce risks require modern approaches to business organization. The solution to the increasingly complex internal and external environment of the enterprise lies in the integrated automation of business processes.</p> Salihova Venera Karimjanovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-22 2023-03-22 11 3 210 214. GENERAL ASPECTS OF THE USE OF PUNCTUATION IN UZBEK, RUSSIAN AND ENGLISH <p>This scientific article mainly talks about punctuation in detail. Their use is in particular and their use in written form is widely covered.</p> Toʼrayeva Dilbar Meyliyevna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-22 2023-03-22 11 3 215 218 SOME ASPECTS OF THE FORMATION OF THE IMAGE OF THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS AGENCIES IN THE ACTIVITIES OF THE PUBLIC RELATIONS SERVICE <p>This research article examines the scientific and theoretical aspects of improving the image of the internal affairs agencies in the activities of the public relations service, the reforms carried out in Uzbekistan to improve the image of the internal affairs agencies and their content, and comprehensively analyses the features of improving the positive image of the internal affairs agencies in the activities of the public relations service.</p> Ilkhom Uzokov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-23 2023-03-23 11 3 219 225 IMPROVING MECHANISMS OF SPIRITUAL-AESTHETIC DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS <p>In this article, the spiritual and aesthetic development of students, the historical roots of spiritual education, respect for national principles, national pride with national confidence, and universal human values are based on ensuring the effective implementation of the national personnel training program.</p> Zokirova Umida Ilhomovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-23 2023-03-23 11 3 226 229 MECHANISMS OF REHABILITATION AND TRAINING OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES <p>Implementation of the main directions of rehabilitation and rehabilitation of the disabled implies the use of technical means of rehabilitation of the disabled, creation of necessary conditions for the unhindered access of the disabled to social, engineering and transport infrastructure facilities. Also, the article provides information on rehabilitation of disabled people and their families, rehabilitation of disabled people.</p> E. Tursunaliyeva R. Sharofiddinova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-23 2023-03-23 11 3 230 233 POLITICAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT AND MODEL OF MODERNIZATION <p>The article discusses classical, modern, non -traditional, traditional concepts of political modernization, analyzes the theory and practice of the transition from an agrarian society to industrial, and scientific conclusions were made.</p> Bakhtiyor Omonov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-23 2023-03-23 11 3 234 270 THE VALIDITY OF THE CONCEPT OF SPIRITUALITY IN THE ACTIVITY OF A SOCIAL WORKER <p>The article covers the tables of the predominance and relevance of the spiritual aspect in the professional activities of social work in the period of sustainable development in our country today.</p> Nazokatkhon Sultonova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-23 2023-03-23 11 3 241 243 THE CONCEPT OF NATURAL NUMBER AND ZERO <p>This article focuses on the formulation and practical application of the concept of natural number in primary class 'streamers.</p> Shafoat Eshonqulova Sherzad Eshangulov Munisa Shodmonova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-23 2023-03-23 11 3 244 246 CONSTRUCTION OF PRECISE GEOMETRIC ELEMENTS ON THE PLANE ON THE EARTH MODEL <p>In this article, automatic calculation of accurate geometric elements and bar-code level on the plane on the ground model and modern technologies, i.e. Dini 11, Dini 21, Carl Zeiss, Dini 12, Dini12T, Dini22 Trimble, DNA03, Measures to introduce DNA10 Leica and other digital techniques were studied.</p> Meyliyev To‘lqin Meyli o‘g‘li Ibragimov Mirjahon Ilhom o‘g‘li Narziboboyev Anvar Abduxoliq o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-23 2023-03-23 11 3 247 250 HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT OF BASKETBALL SPORT IN UZBEKISTAN AND SPECIFIC ASPECTS <p>Today, physical education and sports create the basis for the formation of the nation's gene pool. This article talks about the history of basketball, its development, and its characteristics.</p> Normakhmatov Ilhom Zayniddinovich Uljayeva Hilola Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 11 3 251 253 ANTHROPOCENTRIC STUDY OF LANGUAGE <p>In this article, ethnic, mental and national-spiritual features are explained through proverbs analyzed based on the principles of the anthropocentric paradigm, which has become one of the leading directions of modern linguistics.</p> D. S. Turdaliyeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 11 3 254 255 MOMENTS OF PRIVATE AND LITERARY AND ARTISTIC BROTHERHOOD I.S. TURGENEV AND N.N. TOLSTOY <p>The article considers the moments of creative and friendly relations between the Russian writer I.S. Turgenev and N. N. Tolstoy. Collected together, the letters recreate the atmosphere of family relationships in the Tolstoy family. The atmosphere of love, friendship, devotion and frankness. The correspondence sheds light on some little-known facts from the life of N.N. Tolstoy and I.S. Turgenev. Complements the information about the history of the creation of the work by I.S. Turgenev's Notes of a Hunter.</p> Tangirova G. I. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 11 3 256 262 ANALYSIS OF PLANNING OF PREPARATION OF BLOOD FROM DONORS IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN <p>The importance of the topic.The development of the medical field puts new tasks before the blood service institutions. According to WHO recommendations, the blood service of each country is evaluated according to the following indicators: the donor blood being prepared is safe, sufficient and available for everyone[1, 3, 10].</p> Saidov A. B. Saidvaliev Z. T. Tangirbergenov A. K. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 11 3 263 268 LINGUOCULTUROLOGICAL STUDY OF THE LANGUAGE OF ADVERTISING (on the material of English and Karakalpak languages) <p>This article is devoted to the study of advertising discourse in the American version of the English language. Advertising is a mirror of the culture of the country, its mentality and national character, which reflects all socio-cultural phenomena. The study reveals not only the linguistic and cultural features of advertising slogans, but also conducts their linguostylistic analysis in order to identify the cultural characteristics of American society.</p> Кулдашев А., Торежанова Алтынай Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 11 3 269 272 VALUE WAYS OF AMONAVIOUS EDUCATION <p>This article describes the results of research aimed at determining the characteristics of the development of value orientations of university students as a factor in improving the quality of education using modern scientific approaches.</p> Fakhriddin Joniyev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 11 3 273 278 MEASURES AND MEASURES TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF HUMAN LIFE IN THE FIELD OF WORK <p>This article describes the existing problems in order to create safe and healthy working conditions in the field of construction and production and the results of scientific research to eliminate them. In addition, the article reflects the scientific proposals and practical recommendations made by the author on this issue.</p> Nuriddinov Ahmad Muhammadiyevich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 11 3 279 283 THE IMPORTANCE OF MODERN TECHNOLOGIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PUBLIC SPORTS AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION LESSONS <p>This article talks about innovative technologies for the development of mass sports. Today, innovative technologies are an integral part of any human activity. Physical education and sports are no exception. In modern conditions, innovative technologies help to improve physical results, create comfort for sports, as well as the effectiveness of physical exercises.</p> Ahmedjanov Shuhrat Boltayevich Bahrullayev Mamur Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-24 2023-03-24 11 3 284 287 THE RESULTS OF STUDYING THE MORPHOLOGY AND BIOLOGY OF THE CAUSATIVE AGENT OF PARAMPHISTOMATOUS DISEASE IN CATTLE <p>The article describes the results of studying the morphology and biology of causative agents of paramphistomatous disease in cattle.</p> Taylaqov Tolip Bazarbayeva Aynura Allambergenov Davletbay Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 11 3 288 290 SOME THE EQUATIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE NEW VARIABLES SYSTEM OF EQUATIONS TO SOLVE <p>This in the article some equations new equations with respect to variables system to solve to bring In some cases, the solution of complex algebraic equations is reduced to the solution of simple equations as a result of changing variables. Only students when solving an equation, they do not immediately notice how the given equation can become simpler when replacing the unknowns. In some cases, the equations are reduced to solving a system of equations with respect to the newly introduced variables . We give examples of solving such equations.</p> Ahmedova Gavhar Meliboyeva Yulduzxon Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 11 3 291 299 TECHNIQUE FOR CONSTRUCTING A MODEL OF A TETRAHEDRON USING A COMPASS AND RULER <p>This article presents the geometric construction of a tetrahedron model using a compass and ruler. Gluing plane figures.</p> Esonov M. M. Zharov V. K. Aroev D. D. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 11 3 300 306 ISSUES OF MATHEMATICAL LITERACY DEVELOPMENT IN WORLD SCIENCE <p>The article focuses on the formation and development of the system of mathematical knowledge and skills necessary for mathematical literacy in elementary school students. The essence of mathematical literacy as an activity is revealed, such as conducting mathematical reasoning, applying mathematical concepts, methods, facts and tools.</p> Daminova Dilbar Melimurodovna Mukhtarova Lobar Abdimannabovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 11 3 307 311 METHODOLOGY OF FORMING UNITS OF LENGTH MEASUREMENT IN CLASS 1-2 MATHEMATICS LESSONS <p>The article talks about the method of forming units of measurement of length in 1-2 grade mathematics classes.</p> Saydaliyeva L. M. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 11 3 312 316 ANALYSIS OF SCIENTIFIC APPROACHES ON THE ESSENCE OF THE CONCEPT OF DIGITAL ECONOMY <p>The article provides a comparative analysis and grouping of scientific research on the emergence of the concept of "economy", its content and mohiyati b. The content of the economic category "Digital Economy" is highlighted.</p> Xusanboyeva Tursunoy Maxammadqasimdjanovna Odashova NilyufarJamoldinovna, Yusupova Umidaxon Boybuvayevna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 11 3 317 320 IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF TEACHING PHYSICS LESSONS THROUGH INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES <p>This article is about the prospects of using information technologies in the education of students of physics education in higher education, in which the tools of information and communication technologies and the possibilities of their application in the educational process and solving problems in the teaching of physics the role of information communication technologies is highlighted.</p> Djumayeva Gulnoza Saidovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 11 3 321 325 THE EFFECT OF VERTICAL INTEGRATION ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE (An analytical study in the General Company for Fertilizer Industry - Southern Region) <p>The study aims to reveal the correlation and the effect of (vertical integration) as an independent variable on (financial performance) as a dependent variable. The problem of the study was represented in a main question (what is the effect of vertical integration on the financial performance of the company) ?</p> Prof.Dr.Hashim Nayef Hashim Al-Hachim Adnan Saad Tuama Al-Sukaini Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 11 3 326 341 RELATIONSHIP OF SOCIAL MARKETING WITH PRODUCT POSITIONING: A FIELD STUDY IN IRAQI STATE COMPANY OF FERTILIZERS INDUSTRY <p>A purpose of this research is enhance product positioning through company's commitment to social marketing, as Iraqi State Company of Fertilizers Industry was chosen to test correlation and influence between social marketing and product positioning with sample size of (51) managers. Majored conclusion is product positioning in the industry in which company operates can be improved if company applies aspects that competitors did not care about such as social marketing. Majored recommendation is the company can achieve leadership in its industry when it guarantees customer loyalty and has a large market share, a company may be achieving this when reinforce social marketing which requires achieving economic business, human rights and natural environment.</p> Sarmad Hamza Jassim Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 11 3 342 356 GENERAL SECONDARY EDUCATION “INFORMATICS AND INFORMATION ”IN SCHOOLS METHODOLOGY FOR APPLYING SCRIBING TECHNOLOGY TO THE TEACHING PROCESS OF TECHNOLOGY <p>This article provides information about the teaching, content and forms of Information Technology in secondary education schools. It also provides an in-depth study of Informatics and information technology, as well as scientific research into ways to improve student knowledge.</p> Rasulov Inomjon Mo’ydinovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 11 3 357 363 SOME PROBLEMS OF HEAT DISTRIBUTION ANIMATION OF SOLUTIONS USING MAPLE MATHEMATICAL SYSTEM <p>In the given job the ways of the decision and them animations with the help of system Maple the differential equations in private derivative describing tasks thermal conductivity are shown.</p> Akbarov U.Y. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-25 2023-03-25 11 3 364 367 THE STUDY OF SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE FRUSTRATING STATE OF MILITARY PERSONNEL <p>In this article, the causes, factors, and problems of the origin of frustrating situations that occur in military personnel are extensively covered by data studied in socio-psychologically psychodiagnostic assessment of sergeants on Q-sorting questionnaire. The reliability of the data collected in the research process is explained, first of all, by the fact that the testers who participated in the study were selected accordingly, the practical results obtained were scientifically substantiated, world psychology used techniques and questionnaires that were conducted many times from experiments, the practical results obtained were based on the theoretical side.</p> Butayev Ulughbek Abdusattorovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-26 2023-03-26 11 3 368 373 DEVELOPMENT OF SPORTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN <p>This article provides information about the legal framework for the development of sports in the Republic of Uzbekistan and reforms in the field of physical culture and sports in our country.</p> Muratov Muzaffar Shermamatovich Toshpulatov Latif Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-27 2023-03-27 11 3 374 377 DIFFERENCES OF CONJUNCTIONS IN ENGLISH AND UZBEK <p>Conjunction, object, auxiliary words, parts of speech and morphology There are several conjunctions in the English and Uzbek languages and, as we know, they are used to link complex sentences one of which depend on the other in some ways. But they are not always understood as they are by the Uzbek learners of English. Because the English and Uzbek conjunctions have their own frequent meanings and rare meanings that are forgotten by the learners as well. That’s because some English conjunctions such as but, or, as have some confusing meanings for the native Uzbek speaking students. For example the conjunction but is explained as a word that is «used to connect two statements or phrases when the second one adds something different or seems surprising after the first one» [2]: He came in, but he didn’t even said hello. - U kirib keldi-yu, lekin hattoki salomlashmadi ham. «Is he interested in computers». «No, but he has to work on them at his work». - «U kompyuterlarga qiziqadimi?» «Yo’q, lekin ishida kompyuterlarda ishlashiga to’g’ri keladi.» They know English well, but they don’t know any French. - Ular Ingliz tilini yaxshi bilishadi, lekin Fransuz tilini umuman bilishmaydi. In the sentences given above but can sometimes be replaced with though which means shunday bo’lsada, garchi in Uzbek. In this case the order of some words in the sentence or some features of the sentence change their places and forms, but the meaning is kept as before: «Is he interested in computers». «No, he has to work on them at his work though.» - «U kompyuterlarga qiziqadimi?» «Yo’q, shunday bo’lsada ishida u kompyuterlarda ishlashiga to’g’ri keladi.»</p> Berdikulova Shaxnoza Ruzikulovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-27 2023-03-27 11 3 378 379 ENSURING SECURITY IN THE BANKING FINANCIAL SYSTEM IN THE CONDITIONS OF INNOVATIVE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT <p>The world economy of economic entities in modern conditions, the desire to occupy an advantageous position in the labor market is becoming increasingly important. Satisfactory high level of economic security in order to achieve a competitive level, it is necessary to increase the innovative potential of the enterprise, providing an opportunity.</p> Hakimova Nargiza Akromovna Jalolov Farhod Shuhratbek o`g`li Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-27 2023-03-27 11 3 380 382