Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal 2024-02-06T16:53:44+00:00 Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal (GIIRJ) </strong>is a monthly peer reviewed international journal. The international interdisciplinary journal publishes the articles in various disciplines. We invite authors to submit the original research papers for the current issue of our journal. GIIRJ is started with the vision of providing the platform to the researchers in 2013 and providing the services with best quality paper publications in the areas not limited Sciences, Humanities, Economics, Finance, Engineering, History, Educational Advancements, Tourism and physical sciences. </p> <p><strong>A PEER REVIEWED REFEREED MONTHLY E-JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong>(ALL SUBJECT ONLINE MONTHLY JOURNAL)</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2347-6915</li> </ul> <ul> <li> <p><strong>SJIF Impact Factor 2022</strong>: 7.718</p> <p> : 2021: 7.472</p> <p> : 2020: 6.914<br /> : 2019: 6.519<br /> : 2018: 5.723<br /> : 2017: 5.604</p> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>Submission Date :</strong> Open</li> <li><strong>Publication Date :</strong> Within 48 Hours </li> </ul> <p><strong>Send your Manuscripts to:</strong></p> PRIORITY OF ENSURING COMMUNITY UNITY IN STRENGTHENING STATE ADMINISTRATION 2024-02-06T16:53:28+00:00 Asatov Akmal Ismatovich <p>The article analyzes community solidarity as a pillar of the modern social state. The state, in the performance of its social, economic internal and external functions, necessarily relies on a normal and stable society. In this way, if the society is socially united, all residents will be equally interested in the reforms in this regard. Also, community solidarity mitigates conflicts between different social groups and increases the efficiency of state administration. Based on its social character, the society ensures the activity of people, staying true to its traditions. The criteria for the formation of a highly moral civil society are revealed in the work.</p> 2024-01-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) MORPHOBIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND VALUABLE ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAPE COLLECTION VARIETIES 2024-02-06T16:53:44+00:00 Juraev S. T. Djonibekova N.E. <p>It is very important to increase the number of vineyards in Uzbekistan, to create new varieties of grapes, to achieve high productivity, vitamin content, and the cultivation of ecologically clean products. In the decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PF-60 of January 28, 2022 "On the development strategy of New Uzbekistan for 2022-2026" "Through intensive development of agriculture on a scientific basis, to increase the income of farmers and farmers by at least 2 times, to increase the annual growth of agriculture by at least In order to reach 5%, special attention is paid to increasing the volume of food products to 7.4 million tons by 2026, and the processing level of fruits and vegetables to 28%. In this regard, the preparation of healthy ECU materials for the propagation of seedlings of grape varieties in Uzbekistan is an actual scientific direction.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 SALINATION OF SOILS 2024-02-06T16:53:43+00:00 Sadullaev Shuhrat. Narzulloyevich Ilhomova Mohinora daughter of Ilhom Mametova daughter of Zuhra Jahangir <p>Saline soils include soils that contain mineral salts in amounts harmful to plants. Crushing of agricultural crops begins when the amount of salt in the profile exceeds 0.25% of the soil mass. In arid desert and semi-desert zones without deep soil moisture, salt accumulation occurs as a result of their biogenic accumulation, weathering, soil formation, as well as impulse formation (wind passage). it can. In the semi-desert and desert areas, there are favorable conditions for the formation of sodium sulfates and chlorides, gypsum and nitrates. Sometimes soda formation and the formation of soils with a soda type of salinity can occur. Saline soils are divided into low, medium and high salinity, as well as saline, salty, malty. It is 0.25-0.4% in water in slightly saline soils, 0.4-0.7% in medium salinity, and 0.7-0.1% in strong salinity.</p> 2024-01-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 AUTO TRANSPORT VEHICLES DURING OPERATION DETERMINATION OF THE COMPOSITION OF EXHAUST GASES 2024-02-06T16:53:43+00:00 Berdiyev Zavkiddin Rakhimkulovich Jumaev Ulug'bek Rustamovich ulug' Sadullaev Shuhrat Narzulloyevich <p>Currently, vehicles are considered to have the highest index among the factors affecting environmental change, in this article, the composition of exhaust gases emitted by motor vehicles during operation, their harmful effects on the environment and ways to eliminate them are described. , ecological and environment-damaging factors, their legal prevention and solution, as well as conclusions and suggestions for the above problems.</p> 2024-01-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 LANGUAGE AND SPEECH ASPECTS OF ORAL AND WRITTEN SPEECH IN THE TEACHING OF RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE 2024-02-06T16:53:43+00:00 Raimjanova Maxbuba Nomanovna <p>Mastering the methodology of teaching Russian as a foreign language is becoming an important condition and an integral part of preparing students of pedagogical universities of Uzbekistan for their future careers.The purpose of the article is to describe in detail the linguistic and verbal aspects of teaching oral and written communication in Russian as a foreign language, as a new language.</p> 2024-01-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 EMPOWERING THE FUTURE: THE ROLE OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN SUPPORTING BUSINESS AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE 2024-02-06T16:53:42+00:00 Axmadaliyeva Shoxista Andayeva Shaxnoza <p>This article explores the pivotal role that digital technologies play in supporting and empowering young entrepreneurs in their business endeavors. It delves into various aspects such as global connectivity, e-commerce, digital marketing, remote work, access to information, and fintech solutions, showcasing how these elements collectively contribute to the success of young businesses. By embracing and leveraging digital tools, the next generation of entrepreneurs can navigate the dynamic landscape of the global marketplace and shape a resilient future for business.</p> 2024-01-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ORIENTALISAM AND HUSSEINI RITUALS 2024-02-06T16:53:41+00:00 Ishaq Naqqash Afaaq Lazim abd Altief Mushtaq Mal Allah Qasim <p>Since the Arab world began to learn about Islam until the present time, Orientalist studies and their intellectual and cognitive foundations in studying relevant topics in the Islamic faith, hardly leave a topic related to the objective vision, and this is the practice of most religious aspect without approaching its study, with a non Orientalists, even if it is... There are those who do justice to Islam, but they are few</p> 2024-01-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 INVESTIGATING THE EFFECT OF ATTRACTIVENESS, EXPERIENCE AND CUSTOMER TRUST ON PURCHASE INTENTION WITH THE MEDIATION OF BRAND EQUITY OF IRANIAN CARS IN IRAQ 2024-02-06T16:53:41+00:00 Huda Fadhil Gatea <p>Over time, the expectations of customers have exceeded the ability of companies to create innovative experiences, and this delay and inability to respond to customers' needs means the failure of companies to quickly adapt to environmental changes. On the other hand, customers also compare their satisfaction with every purchase and relationship with companies with their level of satisfaction with interactions with top companies. In the meantime, the top companies in each field are more active than ever and are looking for ways to differentiate and overtake their competitors. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of attractiveness, experience and customer trust on purchase intention with the mediation of brand equity of Iranian cars in Iraq. The research method is practical in terms of the purpose and descriptive and survey in terms of the method. The statistical population includes all the buyers of Iranian cars in Iraq, and it is not possible to obtain an exact volume of them, therefore, the statistical population of customers is of the type of unknown statistical population, and in order to determine the sample size, Cochran's formula was used, which suggested the number of 384 people. The data collection tool for measuring the variables was Klaus Questionnaire (2020). In the inferential statistics method, using spss software, in each of the hypotheses, the normality of the data was first ensured. Then, the relationship between the variables was analyzed with structural equation method and PLS Smart software, the findings showed that attractiveness, experience, and customer trust have a positive and significant effect on purchase intention through the mediaton of brand equity of Iranian cars in Iraq.</p> 2024-01-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ORGANIZATIONAL AND COLLECTIVE BASIS FOR THE FORMATION OF INCOME IN PENSION PROVISION IN UZBEKISTAN 2024-02-06T16:53:40+00:00 Ulugbek Khakimov <p>The article discusses the organizational and legal basis for the formation of pension income in Uzbekistan. It examines the historic reforms of the pension system, the creation of the Pension Fund Administration and the Social Insurance Fund, as well as subsequent changes, including the transformation of the off-budget Pension Fund into the structure of the Ministry of Finance.</p> 2024-01-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 BENEFITS OF TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGES WITH DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES 2024-02-06T16:53:40+00:00 Khalilova Laylo Ravshanovna <p>Digital technologies can help us learn new languages in a fun and exciting way. They have lots of benefits, like keeping us interested and motivated to learn. We can use online platforms, apps, and games to practice speaking and listening skills. These technologies also let us learn anytime and anywhere, even when we are busy. We can watch videos, listen to podcasts, and read articles in the language we are learning. Digital technologies also personalize our learning experiences.</p> 2024-01-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 REASONS FOR FAMILY SEPARATION DUE TO GENDER IMBALANCE IN UZBEKISTAN AND MEASURES TO REDUCE DIVORCE 2024-02-06T16:53:40+00:00 Kayumov Abdulaziz Abduxamidovich <p>This article analyzes the socio-legal aspects of the problem of gender equality, which is an integral part of human rights in modern Uzbekistan, as well as issues of gender equality and its impact on the family environment and eliminating gender imbalance. when resolving family disputes.</p> 2024-01-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ACTIONS OF THE RED ARMY IN THE FERGHANA VALLEY 2024-02-06T16:53:39+00:00 Botirjon Tojibаev Tojibа <p>The article describes the actions of the Red Army in 1923-1924 to establish the Soviet regime in the Ferghana Valley. At the same time, the activities of the guards in the Ferghana Valley districts, the actions taken by the Bolsheviks in order to end the armed movement, were revealed on the basis of archival documents.</p> 2024-01-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE JOURNEY OF DAENERYS TARGARYEN: A HERO ARCHETYPAL ANALYSIS 2024-02-06T16:53:38+00:00 Kenzo John Carlo A. Calahong Hal Christian B. Ortega Genesis G. Genelza <p>The Game of Thrones is a televised series for HBO directed by D.B. Weiss and David Benioff, adapted from George R.R. Martin’s best-selling book, A Song of Ice and Fire. In this study, the researchers observed the character Daenerys Targaryen and analyzed her journey to claim the Iron Throne. The study employed Joseph Campbell’s Hero’s Journey to find out Daenerys’ journey is that of a hero of myths according to Campbell’s stages and to determine the archetypes of characters revolving around Daenerys. Based on the result, the researchers found nine stages on Daenerys’ journey as the hero of the series like The Call to Adventures and eight of the others, as well as multiple characters and their archetypes that appear in this movie, such as The Hero, Mentor, and six other archetypes, The research concludes that there are differences in Daenerys’ journey as the hero based on Campbell’s stages.</p> 2024-01-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE ISSUE OF SPIRITUAL AND MORAL EDUCATION IN THE WORKS OF ABDULLAH AVLANI AND ITS ROLE IN YOUTH EDUCATION 2024-02-06T16:53:38+00:00 Mukhammadiyev Jamshid Ilhamovich Mamanazarov Solijon Sherzodbekovich <p>This article covers the spiritual and educational ideas of Abdullah Avlani, the “father” of Uzbek pedagogy and one of the first in our country to be awarded the title of professor, a leader of the mature enlightenment and jadidism movement, and the issue of spiritual and moral education in his works.</p> 2024-01-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 EXPLORING EMOTIONS: HOW WRITERS CAPTURE FACIAL EXPRESSIONS IN LITERATURE 2024-02-06T16:53:38+00:00 Ibrokhimova Mokhinurkhon Akhrorkhon kizi, <p>This scientific exploration unveils the nuanced techniques writers employ, unraveling the cognitive and emotional dimensions embedded in the written word.</p> 2024-01-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 IMPORTANCE OF VOICE IN EXPRESSIVE READING 2024-02-06T16:53:37+00:00 Mubora Omanova <p>The article deals with the importance of the voice in the art of expressive reading, voice path, voice types and timbre, the rise and fall of the voice during speech, voice changes in prose or poetry. information about the need to pay special attention to runes, dramatic scenes related to the mental state of the heroes of the work, and the need to read aloud.</p> 2024-01-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 SOME ASPECTS OF ATTENTION AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP TO THE ACCURACY OF FREE THROW PERFORMANCE IN BASKETBALL 2024-02-06T16:53:36+00:00 Deyaa Thamer Mutar <p>The importance of research and study lies in identifying the correlational relationship between aspects of attention and accuracy in performing free throw shooting in basketball among players from the research sample. The research problem is highlighted by the significant role played by attention aspects in the game of basketball, as well as the shooting skill, representing the fundamental offensive skill through which a team scores points and, consequently, secures victory in the match. The research problem lies in understanding the correlational relationship between aspects of attention and the accuracy in free throw shooting among players from the research sample. The research objectives aimed to assess the performance level of individuals in the research sample in terms of the accuracy in free throw shooting in basketball and to determine the correlational relationship between some aspects of attention and the accuracy in free throw shooting among players from the research sample. The researcher utilized the descriptive approach using correlational relationships. Tests and measurements were employed to evaluate the players' performance within the research sample. Scientific bases were obtained for these tests to ensure their credibility in reaching and presenting the results obtained in the fourth chapter for discussion. One of the significant conclusions drawn by the researcher was the presence of a significant correlation between the studied aspects of attention and the accuracy in free throw shooting among players from the research sample.</p> 2024-01-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 FEATURES OF THE USE OF PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS IN THE SPEECH OF MODERN PEOPLE 2024-02-06T16:53:36+00:00 Abdullaeva Dilfuza Bobokhanovna <p>This article delves into the dynamic and influential role of phraseological units in the speech of contemporary individuals. Exploring the cultural significance, expressiveness, social bonding, adaptation to technology, cross-cultural influences, and generational shifts, it highlights how these linguistic expressions contribute to the richness and adaptability of modern language. From traditional idioms to tech-driven expressions, the use of phraseological units reflects the ever-evolving nature of communication in the digital age.</p> 2024-01-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ABDULLAH AVLONI'S TURKISH GULISTAN OR ETHICS THE USE OF A WORK IN THE SPIRITUAL AND MORAL EDUCATION OF STUDENTS IS A REQUIREMENT OF THE TIME 2024-02-06T16:53:36+00:00 Mukhamedkhodjayeva Mavjudakhon Akhbarovna <p>In an era marked by rapid technological advancements and globalization, the demand for holistic and values-based education has never been more crucial. Abdullah Avloni, a prominent figure in the realm of spiritual and moral education, has been at the forefront of advocating for the incorporation of Turkish Gulistan into educational curricula. This work of ethics promises to provide a robust foundation for nurturing the youth's character, instilling virtues, and fostering a sense of moral responsibility. Abdullah Avloni, a revered spiritual leader, has dedicated his life to promoting principles of morality and spirituality. His vision extends to the transformation of educational systems, urging the integration of Turkish Gulistan as a central text.</p> 2024-01-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE PROCESSES OF CUSTOMS OFFICIALS 2024-02-06T16:53:35+00:00 Agzamova E. Fayzullayeva Kh. <p>This article is devoted to clarifying the psychological foundations of the development of cognitive processes of customs officials. Cognitive processes are the processes that help us absorb new knowledge and make decisions in response. Cognitive processes, cognitive psychology and cognitive psychotherapy became widespread in the 60s of the 20th century, during the period of interest in cybernetics and electronic modeling of intellectual processes, and the habit of imagining a person as a complex. During this period, man was imagined as a biocomputer. Researchers have tried to model all mental processes that occur in humans. What scientists were able to model was called cognitive processes.</p> 2024-01-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 IMPACT OF DIASPORA SYNERGY STRATEGY ON CREATIVE ABILITIES AND SOME BASIC VOLLEYBALL SKILLS FOR MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS 2024-02-06T16:53:34+00:00 Dr. Hussam Hussein Mutanish <p>The impact of the diaspora harmony strategy on middle school students' creative abilities and a selection of fundamental volleyball skills. The research aims to investigate the impact of the diaspora harmony strategy on the development of creative abilities and fundamental skills in volleyball among first-grade male students in Diwaniyah city center. The study focuses on a total of 726 students from four middle schools affiliated with the Diwaniyah Education Directorate for the academic year (2022-2023). The researcher employed an experimental approach, specifically the two equal groups design, to effectively implement the study's procedures. The research sample consisted of 38 students from Al Karama Secondary School for Boys in the first intermediate grade. The students were selected through a lottery system and were evenly distributed between divisions A and B. Through a random selection process, Division (A) was assigned as the experimental group and Division (B) was designated as the control group. The research and its implementation involved utilizing the essential instruments and equipment. This included carrying out several procedures such as developing the diaspora harmony strategy, conducting a reconnaissance experiment, and doing the primary field experiment as part of the pre-tests. Subsequently, the diaspora harmony strategy was used, followed by the post-tests. The researcher determined that students should adopt the diaspora harmony technique to enhance their creative abilities and acquire fundamental skills in volleyball. The researcher suggests utilizing contemporary methodologies in lectures due to their significant impact on fostering creative aptitude and fundamental proficiencies in volleyball.</p> 2024-01-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE EFFECT OF AN EDUCATIONAL CURRICULUM ACCORDING TO THE DISTRIBUTED EXERCISE METHOD ON THE STABBING AND ARROW SKILLS OF FENCING SWORD PLAYERS AGED 11-14 YEARS 2024-02-06T16:53:33+00:00 Abrar Jabbar Ammar Hussien Alaq Flayyih Hind Saddam Zahraw <p>The study challenge revolves around the necessity for players to choose a supplementary strategy that is in line with their constraints. Hence, the proposition is to employ and exploit the distributed exercise approach in order to improve skill performance and achieve a level of expertise that is either ideal or very near to it. The concept of employing and exploiting this approach, together with its component steps that assist in the acquisition of the abilities being studied, arose. The research evaluator included the determination of the exercise technique used for the practice of stabbing and arrow skills. The researchers see significant differences between the pre- and post-tests for both research groups, with a clear advantage for the experimental group. The study utilised an experimental design consisting of two equivalent groups - an experimental group and a control group. Both groups underwent pre- and post-tests. The research sample comprised 22 participants who were members of fencing clubs in Misan Governorate. The participants were deliberately chosen for the sporting season (2023-2024). The participants were assigned to groups in a random manner. The control group consisted of 10 gamers, the experimental group had 10 players, and the exploratory experiment included 2 players. The results were obtained via the statistical software SPSS. The study's findings led to the formulation of many conclusions. Initially, the cohort who adhered to the distributed exercise approach showed notable enhancement in their proficiency in stabbing and arrow skills. This approach was determined to be exceedingly efficacious and well-suited for improving performance. The researchers highly advocate for the use of this method to acquire essential fencing skills, namely in stabbing and arrow tactics, as it harmonises effectively with the players' strengths and aptitudes.</p> 2024-01-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 USING SIMULATION TO ESTIMATE A FUZZY REGRESSION MODEL 2024-02-06T16:53:33+00:00 Fatima Othman Eatiah Al-Abadi Prof. Dr. Sahera Hussein Zain Al-Thalabi <p>The researcher faces a lot of problems when testing the accuracy of the model to estimate the parameters of the fuzzy regression model, and to remedy this problem, the prediction error was reduced by generating variables that follow a normal distribution using the most famous and common method, which is the (Box-Muller) method, which depends on the method of generating random variables that follow the standard uniform distribution U(0,1), and then these variables are converted into independent random variables that follow the standard normal distribution to estimate the parameters of the model and with the aim of reducing the prediction error between the expected and actual concentrations This indicates model accuracy and model blur that represents uncertainty in model predictions. The lower these values, the better the model performs in terms of accuracy and reliability.</p> 2024-01-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ENRICHING THE STUDENT'S VOCABULARY 2024-02-06T16:53:32+00:00 Usarov Ravshan Khudayarovich Mamadiyev Norboy Khursanovich <p>Working with words, closely connected with the dictionary, helps to improve not only the language culture of students, but also their general culture. Vocabulary work as an important part of the lesson contributes to the development of students’ speech, enriching their vocabulary and is present in every lesson, being an important point in its structure. The teacher’s job is to determine the appropriate place for it in the lesson, to reduce or increase the time of acquaintance with the word, mastering it.</p> 2024-01-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 FOSTERING FRIENDLY RELATIONSHIPS IN CHILDREN'S TEAMS 2024-02-06T16:53:32+00:00 Usarov Ravshan Khudayarovich Oltiboyev Abror Muzafafrovich <p>Practice of working with children in children's groups and studying the works of psychologists V.V. Abramenkova, L.N. Bashlakova, D.P. Lavrentieva, M.I. Lisina, L.P. Pocheverina, E.V. Subbotsky, etc. on the problems of relationships between preschoolers in a team show that there are complex relationships between children that bear the imprint of real social relationships that take place in “adult society.”</p> 2024-01-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PHYSICAL EDUCATION METHODS USED IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION LESSONS 2024-02-06T16:53:31+00:00 Raxmatov Davlat Toyirovich <p>This article provides information on teaching and training methods used in Physical Education, a general description of physical qualities and pedagogical analysis of control over their development.</p> 2024-01-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 TECHNOLOGY TO INCREASE MILK HOMOGENEITY AND REQUIREMENTS FOR IT 2024-02-06T16:53:31+00:00 X. A. Mamatov Amangeldiev Ulug‘bek Alisherovich Turg’unov Sohibjon Sobitxon o’g’li Turg’ Berdiyev Maksetbay Torebayevich <p>This article comments on ways to make dairy products in accordance with the requirements of Agriculture and to make good use of innovative ideas in this regard, as well as to correct the requirements for dairy products.</p> 2024-01-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PEDAGOGICAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR EDUCATION OF STUDENTS THROUGH SPORTS COMPETITIONS 2024-02-06T16:53:30+00:00 Inomov Fakhriddin Ormonovich <p>The article covers the issues of regular sports activities of secondary school students and participation in sports competitions. It has also been written about the positive impact of sports competitions on the all-round learning of students.</p> 2024-01-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PREDICTIVE EQUILIBRIUM SOLUTIONS OF THE SYSTEM OF EQUATIONS OF DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF PRODUCTS IN POORLY FORMALIZED PROCESSES 2024-02-06T16:53:30+00:00 Abduhalil Abdugafarov Barno Solieva Nargiza Iminova Kamoliddin Xudayberdiev <p>Changes in the market prices of monopolists and other economic entities must be sufficiently justified, i.e. specific reasons for the increase in prices should be indicated, on what basis the increase in prices is expected. In the article a list of tasks to be solved jointly with the marketing service of the company - forecasting the equilibrium price of products, goods and services is proposed with fuzzy initial information.</p> 2024-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 USEFUL PROPERTIES OF MOSH IN UZBEKISTAN AND CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGY 2024-02-06T16:53:29+00:00 Azimova Mukhayyo Egamberdievna Master Ergashev Rustam Faxriddin ugli <p>The article provides information about the importance of mosh in the Prevention of various diseases and The Agrotechnology of cultivation, including the characteristics of foyhali for man in the Republic of Uzbekistan.</p> 2024-01-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 DEVELOPING FINTECH TRENDS IN UZBEKISTAN: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS 2024-02-06T16:53:29+00:00 Mirtursunov Mirjakhon <p>In the context of globalization, labor migration, trade and capital movements, tourism, foreign investment, IT are affected by the economic growth rates of countries. Periodic disclosure of reforms in the new Uzbekistan, the beginning of socio-economic relations provided opportunities for modernization, technical and technological re-equipment of the industrial sector. In particular, the need for financial technology in commercial banks is important to conduct research in this area. The influence of finch is beginning to be felt in the banking sector and capital markets. This article surveys its development and its impact on efficiency, banking market structure, strategies of incumbents and entrants, and financial stability.</p> 2024-01-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE ROLE OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE ECONOMY 2024-02-06T16:53:28+00:00 Abdullayev Botir Bakhtiyor ogli Toxirov Eldor Umidjon ogli <p>Digital technologies, like computers and software, are very important in our lives and they help the economy grow. They make businesses run better by making things faster and cheaper. They also let businesses come up with new ideas for products and services. Even though some people worry that digital technologies will take away jobs, they actually create more jobs and let people work from home. Overall, digital technologies are really helpful for the economy. This article elaborates on the points above.</p> 2024-01-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 "HARMONIZING DIVERSITY: THE ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY-BASED MUSIC COURSES FOR NON-TRADITIONAL STUDENTS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL MUSIC EDUCATION" 2024-02-06T16:53:27+00:00 Usmanova Shohista Shavkat qizi <p>This article explores the transformative impact of technology-based music courses on the engagement, inclusivity, and creative development of non-traditional music students in primary school settings. By examining the intersection of technology and music education, the article sheds light on the pedagogical advancements, inclusivity, and future considerations associated with the integration of technology in music instruction. The analysis underscores the potential of technology-based music courses to empower non-traditional students to explore, create, and connect with music in meaningful ways, thus cultivating a dynamic and inclusive music education environment that celebrates the diverse musical identities and aspirations of all students.</p> 2024-01-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 APPLICATION OF DIGITIZATION IN THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE INNOVATIVE MANAGEMENT MECHANISM (IN THE CASE OF IT ENTERPRISES) 2024-02-06T16:53:27+00:00 Erkaboyev Javakhirbek Dilkhushbek ugli <p>The article examines the issues of effective management of the competitive potential of corporations in the IT industry. It is noted that competitive potential is one of the most important tasks of improving the mechanisms of competitiveness of enterprises in the IT industry, which influence the activities of all business entities of the state economy.</p> 2024-01-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 LOST IN TRANSLATION: UNRAVELING THE INTRICACIES OF CROSS-CULTURAL COMMUNICATION 2024-02-06T16:53:27+00:00 Shakhnoza Sharofova <p>In our increasingly globalized world, effective cross-cultural communication emerges as a critical skill. This abstract encapsulates an exploration into the intricacies of cross-cultural communication, delving into the multifaceted challenges and opportunities that arise when individuals and societies engage across cultural boundaries. We dissect the role of cultural contexts, the impact of language nuances, and the significance of nonverbal cues in the communication process. Challenges rooted in stereotypes, power dynamics, and varying communication styles are unveiled, accompanied by opportunities and strategies for fostering effective cross-cultural communication. As we unravel the complexities of this dynamic interplay, we aim to provide insights that empower individuals and organizations to navigate the global landscape with cultural sensitivity, adaptability, and a commitment to building connections across diverse cultural contexts.</p> 2024-01-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ISSUES OF REGULATION OF TERRORIST FINANCING 2024-02-06T16:53:26+00:00 Отабоев Бобур Ибрат оглы Отабоев <p>This article is devoted to the issues of international regulation of terrorist financing. The article analyzes the main international documents on the financing of terrorism.</p> 2024-01-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 SYSTEMIC RELATIONS IN THE VOCABULARY OF MODERN RUSSIAN AND UZBEK LANGUAGES 2024-02-06T16:53:26+00:00 Yunusova Dildora Dilshodovna <p>This article delves into the fascinating exploration of systemic relations within the vocabularies of two diverse yet interconnected languages - Russian and Uzbek. As both languages have undergone historical, cultural, and linguistic evolutions, understanding the nuances of their systemic relations sheds light on the intricate tapestry of language development. The article aims to analyze and compare the structural and semantic aspects of the vocabularies, highlighting the shared roots, influences, and distinctive features that contribute to the dynamic linguistic landscape.</p> 2024-01-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 SOCIAL- PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PERSONAL COMPETENCE IN EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT 2024-02-06T16:53:25+00:00 Utаmurodovа Gulchehrа Norboyevnа utаmurodovа5131@mа <p>In this article, the management of an educational institution is a complex process, its components are the correct selection of goals and tasks, the study and in-depth analysis of the achieved level of educational activity, a rational planning system, and the organization of the activities of educational institutions. information is given about important processes such as the selection of optimal methods of increasing the level of education and training, the composition of students and professors, and effective control.</p> 2024-01-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ADVANCING METHODS FOR TRAINING STUDENTS IN TECHNICAL CREATIVITY WITHIN INFORMATION-BASED EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS 2024-02-06T16:53:25+00:00 Sharopov Mirjon Nurxon ogli <p>In the evolving landscape of higher education, the cultivation of technical creativity has become a critical skill, essential for spurring innovation and responding to the rapid technological advancements characterizing the 21st century. This shift towards an emphasis on technical creativity is particularly significant within Uzbekistan’s universities, marking a departure from traditional educational methods. Technical creativity’s importance lies in its ability to empower students not only to assimilate existing knowledge but also to innovate and pave new paths in technology and innovation.</p> 2024-01-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PERIODIC SPEECH - AS A SYNTACTIC-STYLISTIC PHENOMENON 2024-02-06T16:53:24+00:00 Murodjonova Maftunaxon Nuriddinjon qizi <p>Maqolada nutqning periodik formasi mohiyati xususida so’z boradi. Tadqiqot natijalarida turkiy va o’zbek tilshunosligida periodlarni o’rganish katta nazariy ahamiyatga ega ekanligi ko’rsatib berilgan. Ularni aniqlash va izohlash sintaktik stilistikaning to’liq va mukammal yaratilishida katta ro’l o’ynashi asoslangan.</p> 2024-01-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 GRAIN QUALITY INDEXES OF SOFT WHEAT VARIETIES 2024-02-06T16:53:24+00:00 Makhammatova M.U. Kholmurodova G.R. <p>Grain quality indices of winter soft wheat are varied depending on the planting place, agro-practices and soil-climatic conditions. Beside this, there is correlation between amount of protein and gluten in the grain of winter soft wheat, altering of protein amount in the wheat grain depending on the growing condition has also been enlightened in the paper.</p> 2024-01-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 HARVEST COMPONENTS AND PRODUCTIVITY OF COMMON WHEAT VARIETIES GROWN IN THE CENTRAL REGION 2024-02-06T16:53:23+00:00 Makhammatova M. U. Kholmurodova G. R. <p>The article presents data on yield elements and productivity of soft wheat varieties grown in the central region. According to the observations made during the years in the conditions of the central region during the research, according to the indicator of the number of productive stems per 1 m2 of the autumn soft wheat varieties, the newly created Yuksak variety and Yaksart varieties, 1 ear length Yuksak, Yaksart, Krasnodar-99 and Hazrati, who participated as a model variety Bashir varieties, the number of grains in one spike Chillaki, Asr, Yuksak and Yaksart varieties, Gozgon, Yuksak, Yaksart, Asr and Krasnodar-99 varieties according to the weight of grains in 1 spike, Yuksak, Krasnodar-99, Zamin-1 varieties according to the weight of 1000 grains, the superiority of Yuksak, Asr, Yaksart, Gozgon, Vassa and Krasnodar-99 varieties in increasing productivity was noted, and the advantage of using them in genetic-selection studies was mentioned.</p> 2024-01-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 FINANCIAL TECHNOLOGIES IN UZBEKISTAN: A CASE STUDY 2024-02-06T16:53:23+00:00 Khojamurodov Diyorbek Ulug'bekovich <p>This scientific article examines the evolution and current status of financial technologies (fintech) in Uzbekistan, focusing on the promising developments and technological innovations in the country's financial sector. Through a comprehensive analysis, this study sheds light on the impact of fintech on various aspects of Uzbekistan's financial landscape, including banking, payments, lending, and investment. The article also discusses the regulatory framework and future prospects for the growth of fintech in Uzbekistan.</p> 2024-01-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PREPARING FUTURE TEACHERS FOR TEACHING THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN UZBEKISTAN 2024-02-06T16:53:23+00:00 Avliyakulov Zokir Avazovich <p>Preparing future teachers to teach the Russian language in secondary schools in Uzbekistan is an urgent task, since the Russian language is one of the main subjects in the national school. It plays an important role in the development of students' personality, their socialization and integration into the world community.</p> 2024-01-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 SOCIO-PHILOSOPHICAL FEATURES OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 2024-02-06T16:53:22+00:00 Tolibjon Ergashev <p>In this article, the management of human resources in modern enterprises and organizations in the era of globalization, human capital is an important factor in the development of society.</p> 2024-01-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE EMERGENCE OF ART TEACHING TECHNOLOGY: REVOLUTIONIZING ART EDUCATION 2024-02-06T16:53:22+00:00 Mashhurakhan Rozmamatova Abdubannobovna Ergasheva Orifakhon <p>Art teaching technology has emerged as a transformative force in the field of art education, revolutionizing traditional pedagogical approaches and opening new avenues for creativity. This article reviews the innovative technologies that are shaping art teaching practices, explores their impact on both educators and students, and discusses the potential implications for the future of art education. The integration of technology in art teaching promotes interdisciplinary learning, fosters experiential understanding, and enhances the overall artistic process. Through augmented reality, virtual reality, digital tools, and online platforms, students are exposed to immersive learning experiences that stimulate imagination, prompt critical thinking, and encourage collaboration. With ongoing advancements, art teaching technology holds tremendous potential in empowering students, expanding access to art education, and cultivating a generation of technologically-adept creatives.</p> 2024-01-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 COTTONSEED OIL DEODORIZATION PROCESS IN MATHEMATICAL MODELING 2024-02-06T16:53:21+00:00 PhD. Д. Ж. Хужакулова Хужакулова Э. Насриддинов Насриддинов Б. Ҳамроев Ҳамроева <p>Planning and modeling is a progressive method of studying chemical and technological processes, which makes it possible to optimize existing technological processes and improve the quality of products [1-4]. The use of these methods in experimental studies significantly reduces the number of studies and provides more reliable results. Not enough research has been done in the direction of planning and modeling of cottonseed oil deodorization processes. Therefore, the study of these issues is of scientific and practical interest.</p> 2024-01-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE ROLE OF NEUROLINGISTICS IN TEACHING ENGLISH 2024-02-06T16:53:21+00:00 Zoyirova Dilsuz Abdijalilovna <p>This article investigates the critical function of neurolinguistics in English language education. Neurolinguistics, the multidisciplinary study of the link between language and the brain, is gaining popularity due to its potential to improve language education. The paper dives into the neurological bases of language learning and processing, emphasising how a better knowledge of these mechanisms may guide and enhance English language teaching approaches. The article highlights the practical uses of neurolinguistics in building successful language learning settings, adapting instructional tactics, and encouraging greater language competency among learners through synthesising pertinent research results.</p> 2024-01-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 HEUTAGOGY: UNLEASHING LEARNER AUTONOMY AND SELF-DIRECTED LEARNING: AN IN-DEPTH EXPLORATION 2024-02-06T16:53:20+00:00 Khidirova Malohat Qazaqovna <p>"Heutagogy: Unleashing Learner Autonomy and Self-Directed Learning: An In-Depth Exploration" is an in-depth exploration of the concept of heutagogy, which focuses on learner-centered approaches to education. The annotation provides a comprehensive examination of heutagogy, emphasizing the importance of learner autonomy and self-directed learning in the modern educational landscape. The text delves into the theoretical underpinnings of heutagogy, its practical applications, and the potential impact on educational outcomes. It also discusses the role of educators in facilitating heutagogical practices and the implications for curriculum design and instructional strategies. This resource serves as a valuable reference for educators, researchers, and policymakers interested in understanding and implementing learner-centered approaches to education.</p> 2024-01-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 UNVEILING THE POWER OF PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS: A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF THEIR IMPACT ON LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY AND FLUENCY DEVELOPMENT 2024-02-06T16:53:19+00:00 Ravshanova Nargiza Komiljon kizi <p>This article explores the significant impact of phraseological units on language proficiency and fluency development. The term "phraseological units" refers to multi-word expressions or collocations that are commonly used in a language. The study aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of how these phraseological units contribute to the overall proficiency and fluency of language learners.</p> 2024-01-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 DEVELOPMENT OF LEXICAL COMPETENCE IN STUDENTS WITH DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES: A CASE STUDY IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE EDUCATION 2024-02-06T16:53:19+00:00 Tashkuvatov Temur Kamolovich <p>This study examines the impact of digital technologies on the development of lexical competence in students learning English as a second language. The research investigates the effectiveness of various digital tools, such as language learning apps, online dictionaries, and vocabulary-building games, in enhancing students' vocabulary acquisition and retention. The study also explores the role of digital technologies in providing personalized and interactive learning experiences that cater to individual student's needs and learning styles. Through a case study approach, the research aims to provide insights into the potential benefits and challenges of integrating digital technologies in English language education to support the development of lexical competence in students.</p> 2024-01-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 EXPLORING THE CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE OF ENGLISH IDIOMS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF BRITISH AND AMERICAN IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS 2024-02-06T16:53:18+00:00 Turabekova Marifatkhon <p>Idioms, those colorful jewels of language, transcend literal meaning, embedding cultural nuances within their playful metaphors and enigmatic turns of phrase. This comparative study dives into the vibrant idiomscapes of British and American English, illuminating their unique reflections on history, societal values, and national identities. Through thematic lenses, we unearth the fascinating differences and surprising convergences that paint a vivid portrait of cultural evolution and linguistic divergence.</p> 2024-01-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF MORAL QUALITIES OF ADOLESCENTS IN THE PROCESS OF BOXING 2024-02-06T16:53:18+00:00 G. R. Matkarimov U. Ya. Dustmurodov <p>The model of process of moral education of teenage boxers and pedagogical potential of boxing locates in work as means of formation of moral qualities and values. Formed a methodological basis of research of the provision of psikhologo-pedagogical works about physical training as a factor of moral development of the personality. For the solution of research problems the complex of methods was used: synthesis of pedagogical experience; long supervision over sports activity of pupils; creation of pedagogical situations, conversations, interview; control measurements. Results of approbation of pedagogical model of process of education of teenage boxers in the conditions of sports section are presented, the main pedagogical situations in logic of this process are described. Levels of formation of moral qualities of teenage boxers, methods of their education are presented. Relationships of cause and effect of interaction of teenagers in system "the teenager - the trainer - children's sports collective" as direct source and educational tool of moral qualities of the personality in the course of occupations by boxing are revealed.</p> 2024-01-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 FUNCTIONAL DISORDERS OF THE DIGESTIVE ORGANS IN EARLY CHILDREN REGURGITATION 2024-02-06T16:53:17+00:00 Saidullo Kurbanovich Rasulov <p>The goal is to focus medical practitioners' attention on regurgitation, which is common in young children, and to increase their knowledge in this area through wider implementation. The article describes regurgitation, its epidemiology, classification, etiology, pathogenetic factors, clinical picture, diagnosis, differential diagnosis based on Roman criteria and modern recommendations, as well as dietary treatment methods, medicinal milk formulas and other treatment methods.</p> 2024-01-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 INDICATOR FUNCTIONS IN MEDICINE 2024-02-06T16:53:16+00:00 Накimova Xonbuvi Нак Yunusov Sardor Ashrafzoda <p>This article delves into the crucial role of indicative functions in medicine, focusing on their significance in diagnosis, treatment planning, and patient care. Through a comprehensive literature analysis, the article explores various methods employed in medical practice to gather and interpret indicative data. The results section highlights key findings, and the discussion section evaluates the implications of indicative functions in shaping evidence-based medical decisions. The conclusions provide insights into the future integration and enhancement of indicative functions in healthcare, accompanied by practical suggestions for medical professionals.</p> 2024-01-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 GUIDELINES FOR COMPLETING TASKS IN INDEPENDENT WORK FOR STUDENTS OF LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITIES 2024-02-06T16:53:16+00:00 Djurakulova Diyora Alisher qizi Khayrieva Madina Ilhomovna <p>This article discusses the importance of independent work for students in linguistic universities with a focus on the English language. The main objective of the guidelines provided is to enhance students' ability to learn independently, promoting critical thinking and linguistic proficiency. Independent work not only complements classroom learning but also helps students develop research skills and autonomy, which are essential for academic success. These guidelines provide a structured framework for students to explore the material of the English language and empower them to navigate their academic journey. By emphasizing the significance of self-directed tasks, this article highlights the role of independent work in shaping well-rounded and resourceful individuals within the linguistic academic context.</p> 2024-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ZOOGIGIENIC NORMS AND REGULATIONS ESTABLISHED IN THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF NEW FARMS 2024-02-06T16:53:16+00:00 O. R. Kuchchiyev G. D. Anarbayeva <p>In this article, based on zoogenic standards for farm animals, create comfortable conditions for animals in order to get high results from animals, choose the right place to build a farm, build farms taking into account climatic and natural-economic conditions. places. well-mannered</p> 2024-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 INTERNATIONAL TREATIES 2024-02-06T16:53:15+00:00 Islombek Ruziyev Otabekovich <p>International treaties play a pivotal role in shaping the global landscape by establishing frameworks for cooperation, resolving disputes, and addressing shared challenges. This article provides a comprehensive analysis of the significance, evolution, and impact of international treaties. The study incorporates a literature review, explores various methods employed in treaty-making, presents key results related to compliance and enforcement, and engages in a discussion on the implications of these treaties. The article concludes with insights and suggestions for improving the effectiveness of international treaties in promoting global governance.</p> 2024-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ORGANIZATION OF BALANCED SCORECARD SYSTEM IN THE MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING OF THE ENTERPRISE 2024-02-06T16:53:14+00:00 Ibrokhimjon U. Tursunaliev <p>This thesis explores the organization of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) system within the framework of management accounting, aiming to provide insights into its implementation, effectiveness, and impact on organizational performance within a specific enterprise context. Adopting a mixed-methods approach, the research combines qualitative interviews and quantitative surveys to gather data from key stakeholders within the organization. Qualitative data are analyzed thematically, while quantitative data undergo statistical analysis, enabling a comprehensive understanding of the research questions. The study reveals positive perceptions regarding the effectiveness of the BSC in improving organizational performance. Quantitative analysis establishes a statistically significant positive correlation between the alignment of the BSC and organizational goals. However, challenges in implementation, such as a resistance to change, highlight the complexity of integrating the BSC into management accounting practices. The positive findings underscore the potential benefits of a well-implemented BSC in enhancing organizational performance and strategic alignment. Challenges identified emphasize the need for strategic considerations in addressing issues related to organizational culture and resistance to change. The research has implications for both theory and practice, emphasizing the importance of a customized BSC implementation to suit the unique organizational context. It underscores the need for organizations to proactively address challenges in the implementation process to fully leverage the potential benefits of the BSC. Future research should delve deeper into specific aspects, such as the long-term impact of BSC implementation, the role of leadership, and comparative analyses across industries. Exploring the applicability of the BSC in different organizational sizes and sectors could provide a more comprehensive understanding of its effectiveness in diverse contexts. In conclusion, this thesis contributes valuable insights into the organization of the Balanced Scorecard system within management accounting practices. It emphasizes the importance of aligning performance measurement systems with organizational goals for sustained success, offering practical implications for organizations seeking to optimize their strategic performance measurement practices.</p> 2024-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE EFFECT OF SUPPORTING MECHANISMS TO MOTIVATE HUMAN RESOURCES IN TALENT MANAGEMENT: AN APPLIED STUDY OF THE OPINIONS OF A SAMPLE OF EMPLOYEES AT THE DIWANIYAH TECHNICAL INSTITUTE AS A MODEL 2024-02-06T16:53:14+00:00 Dr. Karim Kobeissi Researcher: Wijdan Chabs Salih <p>The mechanisms supporting the motivation of human resources in talent management is a neglected topic in Arab institutions in general and in Iraq in particular, knowing that these mechanisms have a major role in increasing the motivation of human resources, therefore, this study tries to prove this theory in general and within Iraqi institutions in particular.</p> 2024-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 TRANSFORMATIVE LEADERSHIP BEHAVIORS AND THEIR IMPACT ON BUILDING RELATIONSHIPS TO ATTRACT AND MANAGE THE BEST COMPETENCIES AND TALENTS IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS 2024-02-06T16:53:13+00:00 Dr. Rolan Tannous Ahlam Marza Sakhil <p>Transformative leadership is a response to the requirements of the academic community. It is a pattern of leadership generated by scientific progress and technical development that is most important for the organization's leadership in the face of modern challenges and developments by following behaviors that influence and motivate subordinates. The study aims to recognize the theoretical framework for transformative leadership and talent management, and demonstrate transformative leadership ethics. (Ideal effect, intellectual excitement, individual considerations, empowerment) on building relationships to attract competencies and manage the best talent at Qadisiyah University Sample study. The problem of the study is whether transformative driving behaviors affect positively and necessarily attract talented staff at Qadisiyah University. The study was applied by obtaining the necessary information by designing a questionnaire that included (50) A paragraph presented on the study sample, by collecting and analysing data and testing hypotheses using the statistical package (SPSS.V.27) And the researcher has reached a set of important conclusions, that the university administration does not develop incentive policies for the continued development of the professional path of talented teaching, Which reflects negatively on attracting and attracting competencies from teaching, The study came out with a set of recommendations and, most importantly, the university administration should support the exercise of each individual's powers. This contributes to attracting competencies from teachers to work at the university. Transformative leadership is a response to the requirements of the academic community. It is a pattern of leadership generated by scientific progress and technical development that is most important for the organization's leadership in the face of modern challenges and developments by following behaviors that influence and motivate subordinates. The study aims to recognize the theoretical framework for transformative leadership and talent management, and demonstrate transformative leadership ethics. (Ideal effect, intellectual excitement, individual considerations, empowerment) on building relationships to attract competencies and manage the best talent at Qadisiyah University Sample Study.</p> 2024-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 HUMAN VALUES ORIENTATION, WORK ETHICS AND ETHICAL LEADERSHIP ASSESSMENT OF TEACHING AND NON-TEACHING PERSONNEL 2024-02-06T16:53:13+00:00 Hazel Anne F. Abarentos <p>It is vital for the teacher, as one of the most indispensable staff in the education system, to foster work ethics and to be a role model to his/her students. Since there are societal expectations on teacher, every teacher is directed to do what is right. This study determined the human values and work ethics of the teaching and non-teaching personnel of Trece Martires City National High School – Conchu Annex. The study utilized a standardized questionnaire to 19 personnel. The mean responses were high on the human values orientation and very high on the work ethics and ethical leadership. The study recommends that the school personnel should make the improvement on human values orientation by doing seminars, retreat and open forum. A similar study should be conducted every year in order to assess the human values, work ethics and ethical leadership of school personnel annually.</p> 2024-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 INVESTING WORKING CAPITAL IN FOREIGN ENTERPRISES IS A PROGRESSIVE FORM OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS AND HIGH PROFIT 2024-02-06T16:53:12+00:00 Farkhod Bagibekovich Xalimbetov <p>This article discusses the concept of investment in economic theory and its theoretical foundations. When Western literature expresses an opinion on the term investment, the first attention is paid to stock markets and exchanges, since in the leading developed countries investments are mainly carried out in the form of securities. It is much more difficult to give a unique and complete target the concept of investment. Below are several definitions of the term "investing" with reference to the existing literature. Opinions were also expressed on the content of investments in economic sciences and on various aspects of practical activity, as well as their specifics.</p> 2024-01-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE EFFECT OF AN EDUCATIONAL CURRICULUM USING THE BARNES MODEL ON DEVELOPING CREATIVE THINKING AND LEARNING SOME OFFENSIVE HANDBALL SKILLS FOR SECOND-STAGE STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF THI-QA 2024-02-06T16:53:11+00:00 Majid Mohammed Msaed Farazdaq A. Hmddan Abrar Jabbar Ammar Al-Jaberi <p>The study sought to determine the impact of Barnes' paradigm on enhancing creative thinking in the acquisition of offensive skills. Hence, the significance of research is demonstrated through the application of the Barnes educational model and its influence on fostering creative thinking and acquiring fundamental handball skills. This model facilitates the assessment of student learning in a precise scientific manner, highlighting the inadequacy of contemporary strategies and models in skill acquisition. Consequently, researchers have recognized the value of implementing the Barnes educational model to enhance creative thinking among students. Therefore, one of the research objectives is to determine the influence of the Barnes model on the enhancement of creative thinking skills, specifically in relation to learning handball. The researchers employed an experimental approach, utilizing a pre-and post-test design with both experimental and control groups. The study was conducted within the student population of the second stage in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at the University of Thi-Qar during the academic year (2022/2022), with a total of 152 participants. The researchers concluded that incorporating the Barnes method in educational units enhances learners' skill performance in offensive skills. Additionally, this method boosts students' motivation and enthusiasm while directing their attention toward improving motor performance. The primary suggestions were to implement the utilization of educational modules developed by researchers, following the Barnes method, after their efficacy was demonstrated on second-stage students at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Thi-Qar. The focus was on applying this educational approach to acquire offensive skills in different games, due to its beneficial influence on enhancing the learning process.</p> 2024-01-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 A MODEL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL RELATIONS OF YOUNG FAMILIES 2024-02-06T16:53:11+00:00 Oromova Lаylo Ilhomovna Lа <p>This article explores the complex social psychological relationships in young families, proposing a comprehensive model aimed at understanding and explaining the dynamics at play. The study combines literature review, innovative methodologies, and empirical findings to illuminate the complexities of interpersonal relationships within young families. The findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the factors that influence the quality and longevity of these demographic relationships.</p> 2024-01-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PHYSICAL AND ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF WIDELY USED AND PROMISING SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS 2024-02-06T16:53:10+00:00 Niyazxonova B. E. Abror Halimov <p>Modern and promising semiconductor materials (silicon (Si), silicon carbide (SiC), gallium nitride (GaN), diamond, gallium oxide (Ga2O3), aluminum nitride (AlN), bor nitride (BN) have been analyzed in literature in terms of import substitution and use of existing microelectronics products in the creation of new ones.</p> 2024-01-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 METHODS OF TEACHING LANGUAGE AT A NON-PHILOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY 2024-02-06T16:53:09+00:00 Asranov Sodikjon Aminjonovich <p>This article examines the methodology of language teaching in non-philological universities. It examines the unique challenges facing educators at these institutions and explores effective methods for improving language proficiency among students. The study includes a literature review demonstrating existing research on language teaching methodologies, followed by a discussion of specific methods, results, recommendations and conclusions.</p> 2024-01-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 TACTICS AND TREATMENT OF BLEEDING OF DILATED VARICOSE VEINS OF THE ESOPHAGUS AND STOMACH IN CHILDREN WITH PORTAL HYPERTENSION 2024-02-06T16:53:08+00:00 Abduvalieva Chulpanoy Muhammadzhonovna <p>The effectiveness of providing qualified medical care for portal hypertension syndrome and esophagogastric bleeding in children depends on timely diagnosis, timely stopping of bleeding, if necessary, and adequate surgical treatment. However, when hospitalized later than 1-2 days from the onset of the first signs of bleeding, the outcome is largely determined by the methods used to stop bleeding, their pathogenetic correspondence to the patterns of development of liver and multiple organ failure. Treatment of portal hypertension syndrome and bleeding from varicose veins of the esophagus and stomach includes a therapeutic and prophylactic complex of measures: drug therapy, placement of a Blackmore probe, endoscopic ligation and sclerotherapy, and, if absolutely necessary, surgical treatment. Timely diagnosis makes it possible to identify the disease in the compensated and subcompensated stages, which greatly facilitates treatment and reduces mortality.</p> 2024-01-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 INFLUENCE OF POLITICAL OPINION ON ACADEMIC PERCEPTION AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS 2024-02-06T16:53:07+00:00 Reynor P. Dial <p>This study investigates the potential impact of political beliefs on academic perceptions among university students, diving into topics such as desire for studying, online political activity, and perceived bias in the academic environment. The key findings show a statistically significant relationship between political attitudes and academic perceptions, particularly in terms of learning motivation and online political activity. This association was explored further using different student groups depending on religion, gender, family income, and year level. Significant differences in perceived bias and online political involvement appeared among these groups, illustrating the complex link between political beliefs and academic judgments. Notably, sex, year level, working position, and family wealth did not show significant variations, implying that the influence of political attitudes on academic perceptions may interact with other social and demographic factors. These findings highlight the necessity of identifying the possible impact of political views on students' academic experiences, as well as the importance of establishing inclusive and equitable learning environments that embrace varied ideas while minimizing bias. Future research should look deeper into the exact mechanisms underlying the observed relationships, as well as investigate treatments that effectively cater to students' diverse political and academic demands.</p> 2024-01-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 STEM APPROACH TO EDUCATION AND ITS PERSPECTIVES 2024-02-06T16:53:07+00:00 Siqqikov Ilxomjon Melikuziyevich <p>The article reports on STEM technologies, which are rapidly developing in the education system today. Opinions are expressed on the methods and advantages of making the most of this technology in a free education system.</p> 2024-01-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 PROTECTION OF RAILWAY TERRITORIES AGAINST ROCKSLIDES, SCREES AND LANDSLIDES IN MOUNTAINOUS AND MOUNTAINOUS REGIONS OF UZBEKISTAN 2024-02-06T16:53:06+00:00 Abdazimov Shavkat Khakimovich Yuldasheva Nargiza Patkhullaevna Botirova Mavluda Mirkhodievna <p>This article discusses the issue of protecting railway territories from landslides, screes and landslides in mountainous and mountainous regions of Uzbekistan. Particular attention is paid to the protection of mountain areas from avalanches, deep landslides, main forms of negative impact of industrial development of mountains.</p> 2024-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 NATURAL IN PASTURES OF NAVOYI REGION AND ANTHROPOGENIC CONDITIONS CLIMATE 2024-02-06T16:53:06+00:00 Kha. A. Akbarjonov <p>This article shows the distribution of natural and anthropogenic conditions in the pastures of the agro-landscape of low mountains and deserts in the Navoi region.</p> 2024-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ANALYTICAL CONSTRUCTIONS WITH THE “ALMOST” PARTICLE 2024-02-06T16:53:05+00:00 Mokhina Sunnatkizi Ziyodullaeva Alexandra Valerievna Ekabsons <p>Recently, in the field of linguistics, there has been increased interest in the study of the combination of particles with significant words as a general analytical construct. This construction is distinguished by its constant structure and semantics, as well as its regular use in colloquial speech. This article examines the meaning of the analytical syntactic construction with the particle “almost”, which has a subjective-modal nature and is more emotional and expressive.</p> 2024-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 CHANGE OF MORAL STANDARDS IN POSTINDUSTRIAL AND INDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES 2024-02-06T16:53:04+00:00 Kadirov F. A. <p>The fabric of contemporary society is intricately woven with moral standards that wield substantial influence over individual behavior. In the realms of both post-industrial and industrial societies, the dynamism of ethical standards emerges as a pivotal factor in driving sustainable development, fostering fairness, and guiding ethical decision-making. This article endeavors to distill essential research findings on moral transformation, offering a comprehensive summary, and further outlines specific methodologies designed to advance positive development within these societal frameworks.</p> 2024-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE QUALITY OF PERFORMANCE AMONG PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS IN SALAH AL-DIN GOVERNORATE FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF TECHNICAL SUPERVISORS 2024-02-06T16:53:03+00:00 A. T .Marfoa Naji Kulaib Al-Ajelee <p>The problem of the current research lies in answering the following question:- What is the quality level of performance of physical education teachers in Salah al-Din Governorate from the point of view of technical supervisors?</p> 2024-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE PECULIARITIES OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF MOVEMENT SKILLS OF STUDENTS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES 2024-02-06T16:53:03+00:00 Z. Mamatkulova T. Turkmanov <p>This article delves into the intricacies of developing movement skills in students during physical education classes. The study examines various teaching methods and their impact on skill acquisition, analyzes existing literature on motor learning, presents empirical findings, and offers conclusions with practical suggestions for educators.</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 SECTORAL INNOVATIONS AS A FACTOR IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE STATE AND SOCIETY 2024-02-06T16:53:02+00:00 Достон Хамидов Достон <p>The article provides a brief overview of the essence and content of innovations.</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 FEATURES OF GROWING PINEAPPLE (ANANAS COMOSUS) IN VITRO CONDITIONS 2024-02-06T16:53:01+00:00 R. Sh. Bazarova A. Sh. Abdurasulov <p>This article provides information about sterilization and the choice of in vitro culture medium for the introduction of pineapple.</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 METHODS FOR REMOVING THE PSYCHOLOGICAL BARRIER WHEN MASTERING LANGUAGE MATERIAL 2024-02-06T16:53:00+00:00 Khojakhanova Munira Abdukakhkharovna <p>This article discusses various methods aimed at eliminating psychological barriers that impede the acquisition of language material. Language acquisition is a complex process that is influenced by various cognitive and emotional factors. Understanding and addressing these barriers is critical to promoting effective language learning. The article reviews the existing literature on psychological barriers to language acquisition and presents a comprehensive analysis of strategies to overcome them. Methods include cognitive, affective and practical approaches, providing a holistic view of improving language learning outcomes.</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 COMBINED SPINAL-EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA FOR HYSTERECTOMY IN GYNECOLOGICAL PATIENTS WITH PATHOLOGY OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM 2024-02-06T16:53:00+00:00 Валиев Ш. М. Валиева Газиев З. Т. Газиева <p>Among patients in need of surgical treatment, the proportion of elderly people suffering from concomitant diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, is increasing. It is this category of patients that should be given special attention, since even minor hemodynamic and respiratory disorders associated with anesthesia and surgery can cause very serious intra- and postoperative complications [2; 4; 5].Therefore, the optimization of perioperative management of elderly patients with concomitant cardiovascular diseases is one of the leading areas of research conducted in the world today, and these studies are far from a final solution to the problem.In this regard, anesthetic protection can play a key role in stabilizing hemodynamics, psycho-emotional status, leveling hemostasis disorders in elderly and senile patients and creating optimal conditions for subsequent rehabilitation measures. Traditional regional methods of anesthesia for operative gynecology, in contrast to general anesthesia, make it possible to effectively block nociceptive impulses directly from the area of the chronic focus of pain, create conditions for preventive analgesia and potentially contribute to the improvement of the psycho-emotional state of patients [1; 2; 3; 5].</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 ENHANCING HIGHER EDUCATION THROUGH FLIPPED CLASSROOM PEDAGOGY: STRATEGIES, IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES, AND IMPACT ON STUDENT ENGAGEMENT AND LEARNING OUTCOMES 2024-02-06T16:52:59+00:00 Jonzokova Sayyora Anvarovna <p>This research explores the innovative approach of flipping the university classroom, where traditional notions of lecture and homework are reversed. The study delves into various strategies employed by educators to implement flipped classroom pedagogy at the university level, investigating the impact on student engagement and learning outcomes. Additionally, the research aims to identify and address the challenges associated with flipping the university classroom, offering insights into effective solutions and recommendations for educators seeking to adopt this transformative teaching methodology.</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 FEATURES OF NATIONAL EDUCATION AND SOCIALIZATION 2024-02-06T16:52:59+00:00 Makhmitova Dilfuza Saidazimovna <p>The article scientifically substantiates the features of national education and socialization in Uzbekistan. Due to the fact that it is an integral part of the concepts of “education” and “national education”, this concept is given a new objective scientific and pedagogical definition, and specific aspects of education and upbringing are scientifically analyzed.</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 THE PHENOMENON OF GLOBALIZATION AND ITS FEATURES 2024-02-06T16:52:58+00:00 To’laganova Sayyora Nazarkulovna <p>The article examines the definitions of globalization given by world scientists and its features from a scientific point of view. In the modern world, where the process of globalization is intensifying, the rapid adaptation of the state to competitive conditions is the main advantage of its successful and stable development - the state of the education system, the availability of opportunities for the spiritual development of the individual. was scientifically analyzed in the article.</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 CORRELATION RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN VALUE-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF COTTON RIDGES PLANTED IN DIFFERENT REGIONS 2024-02-06T16:52:57+00:00 Juraev Sirojiddin Turdiqulovich Yorbekov Doston Olimjon ugli <p>Based on determining the degree of variability, correlative dependence and wilt tolerance of introgressive ridges in different soil-climatic conditions, ridges with high yield, fast ripening, fiber output of 41.0-43%, quality indicators and high adaptability were selected.</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024