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Ishaq Naqqash
Afaaq Lazim abd Altief
Mushtaq Mal Allah Qasim


Since the Arab world began to learn about Islam until the present time, Orientalist studies and their intellectual and cognitive foundations in studying relevant topics in the Islamic faith, hardly leave a topic related to the objective vision, and this is the practice of most religious aspect without approaching its study, with a non Orientalists, even if it is... There are those who do justice to Islam, but they are few

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Ishaq Naqqash, Afaaq Lazim abd Altief, & Mushtaq Mal Allah Qasim. (2024). ORIENTALISAM AND HUSSEINI RITUALS. Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal, 12(1), 33–62. Retrieved from https://giirj.com/index.php/giirj/article/view/6368


The study came as a result of its scientific, social and intellectual importance in the Iraqi Shiite community

Orientalism is the West's idea of the East, embodied in reality in the form of religious evangelism once and direct colonialism again

There were many motives behind Orientalism, the most important of which were religious, colonial ,political, economic, and scientific motives

The study showed the orientalists' means of disseminating their trends and ideas in multiple ways

Naqqash’s attempt to mislead the Husseini cause through the issue of the The study confirms Ishaq al reconciliation concluded between Imam Hassan (peace be upon him) and Muawiyah .

The study showed the most important reasons that made Hussein, peace be upon him, head to Karbala .Among those reasons were the messages of the people of Kufa to the Imam and the sending of his cousin Muslim bin Aqeel to Kufa

The study confirmed that the issue of cutting off water to the household is a tradition followed by the Umayyads. During the reign of Muawiyah, water was cut off from the household in the Battle of Siffin ,during the reign of Imam Ali (peace be upon him), and the custom of cutting off water was repeated during the reign of Imam Hussein bin Ali, peace be upon him

The people of Iraq have performed Husseini rituals since the Buyid, Safavid, and Ottoman era .

Muhammad The first of these condolence rituals was performed during the era of the Holy Prophet ,may God bless him and his family and grant them peace, and it continued until our present era .

As for the similar ritual, even if it differs from one country to another in its performance, it has special customs and rituals in each country